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1

circadian rhythm

a naturally occurring 24 hour cycle; you sleep for 1/3 of your life. people kept in buildings without clocks have a rest-activity cycle of about 25.1 hours

2

consciousness

a person's subjective experience of the world and the mind. the defining feature of consciousness is experience, which you have when you're not awake but experiencing from a vivid dream.

3

what 3 things does consciousness do?

1. restricts our attention
2. provides a mental meeting place
3. creates a mental model of the world-brings past and future to present.

4

default network

when people aren't buys, there is activation in these areas of the brain; a study revealed that this network became activated whenever people worked on a mental task that they knew so well they could daydream while doing it. driving home from work

5

what are the 5 major characteristics of dream consciousness?

1. we intensely feel emotion
2. dream thought is illogical
3. sensation is fully formed and meaningful
4. dreaming occurs with uncritical acceptance, as though images and events were perfectly normal
5. we have difficulty remembering the dream after it is over.

6

what is dynamic unconscious?

active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person's deepest instincts and desires, and the person's inner struggle to control these forces

7

cognitive unconscious

mental processes that give rise to a person's thoughts, choices, emotions, and behavior even though they are not experienced by the person

8

brain activity levels while sleeping

during waking, changes in electrical activity in the brain accompanying frequency activity during alertness and lower frequency activity during relaxation

9

stage 1 of sleep

theta waves

10

stage 2

sleep spindles, k complexes

11

stage 3/4

delta waves

12

REM

rapid eye movement and high level of brain activity, similar to beta waves in stage 1

13

hypnic jerk

a sudden quiver or sensation of dropping, as though missing a step on a staircase

14

minimal consciousness

a low-level kind of sensory awareness and responsiveness that occurs when the mind inputs sensations and may output behavior

15

full consciousness

consciousness in which you know and are able to report your mental state, i'm fully aware

16

what is the solution to problem of other minds?

behaviorism, focuses on only behaviors and not what people are thinking

17

problem of other minds

the difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others

18

4 properties of consciousness

1. intentionality: quality of being directed toward an object
2. unity: resistance to devision
3. selectivity: capcity to include some obects
4. transcience: the tendency to change

19

rebound effect of thought suppression

don';t think of a white bear

20

REM sleep deprivation consequences

causes a rebound of more REM sleep the next night

21

self-consciousness

distinct level of consciousness in which the person's attention is drawn to the self as an object

22

somnambulism

sleepwalking

23

types of altered states of consciousness

hypnosis
drug use
day dreaming
meditating
religious experiences

24

what are the 3 functions of memory?

1. encoding- the process by which we transform what we perceive, think, or feel into an enduring memory
2. storage- the process of maintaining information in memory over time
3. retrieval- the process of bringing to mind information that has been previously encoded and stored

25

3 parts of the memory system

sensory memory
short-term memory (7+/-2)
long term memory
(be able to draw diagram)

26

7 sins of memory

transcience: forgetting occurs over time
absentmindedness: a lapse in attention that results in memory failure
blocking: failure to retrieve information that is available in memory even though you are trying to produce it.
memory misattribution: assigning a recollection or idea to the wrong source
suggestibility: tendancy to incorporate misleading information from external sources into personal recollections
bias: distorting influences of present knowledge based on previous experience
persistence: intrusive recollection of events we wish we could forget

27

curve of forgetting

memorize 100 words-80%
next day, 20% but you don't keep losing after that 20%

28

flashbulb memory

detailed recollections of when and where we heard about shocking events. 9/11

29

iconic memory:

fast-decaying store of visual information

30

echoic memory:

fast-decaying store of auditory information