Flashcards in psych 111 exam 2 Deck (95)
a naturally occurring 24 hour cycle; you sleep for 1/3 of your life. people kept in buildings without clocks have a rest-activity cycle of about 25.1 hours
a person's subjective experience of the world and the mind. the defining feature of consciousness is experience, which you have when you're not awake but experiencing from a vivid dream.
what 3 things does consciousness do?
1. restricts our attention
2. provides a mental meeting place
3. creates a mental model of the world-brings past and future to present.
when people aren't buys, there is activation in these areas of the brain; a study revealed that this network became activated whenever people worked on a mental task that they knew so well they could daydream while doing it. driving home from work
what are the 5 major characteristics of dream consciousness?
1. we intensely feel emotion
2. dream thought is illogical
3. sensation is fully formed and meaningful
4. dreaming occurs with uncritical acceptance, as though images and events were perfectly normal
5. we have difficulty remembering the dream after it is over.
what is dynamic unconscious?
active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person's deepest instincts and desires, and the person's inner struggle to control these forces
mental processes that give rise to a person's thoughts, choices, emotions, and behavior even though they are not experienced by the person
brain activity levels while sleeping
during waking, changes in electrical activity in the brain accompanying frequency activity during alertness and lower frequency activity during relaxation
stage 1 of sleep
sleep spindles, k complexes
rapid eye movement and high level of brain activity, similar to beta waves in stage 1
a sudden quiver or sensation of dropping, as though missing a step on a staircase
a low-level kind of sensory awareness and responsiveness that occurs when the mind inputs sensations and may output behavior
consciousness in which you know and are able to report your mental state, i'm fully aware
what is the solution to problem of other minds?
behaviorism, focuses on only behaviors and not what people are thinking
problem of other minds
the difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others
4 properties of consciousness
1. intentionality: quality of being directed toward an object
2. unity: resistance to devision
3. selectivity: capcity to include some obects
4. transcience: the tendency to change
rebound effect of thought suppression
don';t think of a white bear
REM sleep deprivation consequences
causes a rebound of more REM sleep the next night
distinct level of consciousness in which the person's attention is drawn to the self as an object
types of altered states of consciousness
what are the 3 functions of memory?
1. encoding- the process by which we transform what we perceive, think, or feel into an enduring memory
2. storage- the process of maintaining information in memory over time
3. retrieval- the process of bringing to mind information that has been previously encoded and stored
3 parts of the memory system
short-term memory (7+/-2)
long term memory
(be able to draw diagram)
7 sins of memory
transcience: forgetting occurs over time
absentmindedness: a lapse in attention that results in memory failure
blocking: failure to retrieve information that is available in memory even though you are trying to produce it.
memory misattribution: assigning a recollection or idea to the wrong source
suggestibility: tendancy to incorporate misleading information from external sources into personal recollections
bias: distorting influences of present knowledge based on previous experience
persistence: intrusive recollection of events we wish we could forget
curve of forgetting
memorize 100 words-80%
next day, 20% but you don't keep losing after that 20%
detailed recollections of when and where we heard about shocking events. 9/11
fast-decaying store of visual information