Flashcards in Glycolysis Deck (13):
Breaking down glucose to make ATP
-used in every cell
--found in bacterial cells, used in plant cells, done in our own cells
-takes place in the cytosol (not in organelles)
-involves 9 chemical reactions
-it is anaerobic
- nets 2 ATP atoms from 1 glucose
-nets 2 NADH atoms from 1 glucose
The enzyme that carries out Phosphorylation
A regulatory enzyme (allosteric enzyme)
- Used in the 3rd step of glycolysis
-ATP-slows down the reaction
-AMP-speeds up the reaction
What is the end product of Glycolysis?
2 Pyruvate (3 Carbon compounds)
Net 2 ATP
Net 2 NADH
When Reduction and Oxidation take place
Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH)
Is the enzyme that carries out fermentation of Pyruvate to Lactate.
What does Lactate do in Glycolysis
It lowers the pH.
-As pH drops the enzymes won't work like they should. It will stop the enzymes from working, shutting down glycolysis.
Oxygen is toxic to these cells (builds up free radicals)
-bacteria and fungi
Cells that can live with or without oxygen
Cells that don't require oxygen