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Flashcards in Handout 8 Deck (27):
1

where are the majority of gram negative bacteria found?

in the gut???

2

most gram negative bacteria are rods except what 3?

Neisseria- diplococus "double douche"
and treponema and borrelia= spirochetes.

3

what do gram negative bacteria have in their cell walls?

LPS. It's en ENDOTOXIN that is released when the bacteria lyse

4

is LPS an exotoxin or endotoxin?

ENDO- it's part of the bacteria

5

what does the endotoxin react with that causes endotoxic shock?

macrophages

6

what are 3 organisms that pose the biggest danger for endotoxic shock?

Shigella, Neisseria, E. Coli

7

is LPS the same as bacterial exotoxins?

heck no

8

can exotoxins be released by gram -?

yes, gram neg and positive
ENDOTOXIN is all gram -

9

are antibodies to carbohydrate protective for endotoxins?

NO?

10

can endotoxins be converted to a toxoid?

NO! no vaccines! endotoxins can be converted though

11

would an endotoxin or exotoxin be more toxic in small amounts?

exotoxin

12

characteristics of the enterobacteriaceae family?

often intestinal flora and may cause GI disease
-becoming drug resistant0 problem with nosocomial disease
-virulence factors include endotoxin, capsule, and antigenic variation

13

ETEC?

enterotoxigenic E. Coli

14

EHEH

enterohemorrhagic E. Coli

15

salmonella typhimurium?

MURIUM- eggs and poultry "you like it so much why don't you "MURY it???"

16


non motile ROD spread by oral feacal route
LARGE intestine.
not as invasive as salmonella

shigella

17

what causes the bubonic plague?

Y. Pestis

18

what is the vector for the bubonic plague?

fleas are the vector and rodents the reservoir

19

y. enterocolitica

reservoirs are pigs and such.
small intestine.
"enter COL"- COL is all about the horses, pigs, sheep, etc.

20

klebsiella pneumonia

kaleb causes pneumonia obviously, wound and soft tissue and UTIs

21

proteus mirabilis

enzyme urease
Mirabel
Proteus can Miracle a UTI and she wants top "erase" the memory

22

describe the virulence factors of cholera?

death is from dehydration
cholera toxin- an AB toxin
-pili, LPS and neruoaminidase

23

how is cholera transmitted?

water or shellfish.

24

what is one of the major causes of food borne illness in developed countries

C. jejuni
the jews get it! when they go to camp!

25

C. Coli????

C Coli from PORK and european union

26

Helicobacter?

the nobel prize!!!!
helicopters are noble prize worthy
PLEOmorphic rod. PLEO is a nobel prized idea

27

pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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