handout session 7 Flashcards Preview

Microbiology Final > handout session 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in handout session 7 Deck (15):
1

what are the groupings that looks at carbs on cell surface?
GAS, GBS, BCS, and BDS?

serological testing aka Lancefield group

2

what is the most important group that has to do with dentistry of strep?

veridians!

3

what might streptococcla glomerulonephritis be caused bY?

antibodies to strep clogging the kidneys

4

how is strep diagnosed and treated?

diagnose with a rapid test followed by culture
for rhemautic fever or acute glomeruloenprhitis use ASO test

5

what does erysipelas affect?

skin

6

what shape are most of the gram negatives?

RODS
*rod is a negative man*

7

what is the majority of anthrax cases?

cutaneous antrhax. contact with the spores. may develop eschar

8

what might cause an eschar?

cutanenous antrhax
it's dead skin

9

what would you treat anthrax with?

ciproflaxin!
for cutaneous.
use penicillin and docyclyine.
cipro or doxy for inhalation
prevent with vaccine

10

what are actin rockets?

for lsiteria! can go from one cell to the next without being exposed to th immune system

11

what disease does listeria cause?

food poisoning. risky foods like deli meats, soft cheese, unpasteruized milk, ice cream, raw veggies.

12

what kind of toxin is the diphtheria toxin???

diptheria!!!! like tetanus. this is a TWO PART EXOTOXIN
B binds the cell= specific for heart and nerve cells
-A goes in and causes damage by stopping translation

13

what are the toxins invovled with tetani?

tetanolysisn= hemolysin
tetanospasmin= AB TOXIN. neurotoxin

14

what are the toxins involved with clostridium botulinum

very potent!
-botulinum toxin. AB toxin that blocks acetylcholine release. inability to stimulate muscles. they don't have to have live organism. toxin in food.
-AB toxin is a neurotoxin

15

what causes the major damage with mycobacterium-

damage is from your immune response. forming granulomas