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Flashcards in Health 2 Deck (32):

What is good mental health?

It involves the mind and activities such as expressing feelings appropriately, thinking rationally, having an open mind


What is a mental illness?

A mental disorder that affects the functioning of the mind, causing changes in thoughts, feelings and behaviour.


What is a mental disorder

A clinically diagnosed set of dysfunctional behavioural or physiological symptoms that cause severe ongoing distress, disability and/or a significant risk to the life of an individual


What is the mental health illness continuum?

Mental health is a continuum from normal healthy behaviour to severely maladjusted behaviour occurring during a mental disorder


How many Australians have experienced a mental disorder in the last 12 months

1 in 5


Who are more likely to experience a mental disorder

Younger people are more likely than older people


What is the prevalence of mental disorders?

It is greatest between 18 to 24 and then declines with age


How are mental illnesses diagnosed?

They are normally diagnosed by a psychologist or psychiatrist. A psychologist diagnoses and treats people with a wide range of illnesses usually during counselling and therapy. A psychiatrist is a qualified doctor who treats the more severe disorders using medication and therapy


What is the DSM?

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders provides a list of symptoms to help diagnose different disorders.


What are disadvantages of labelling mental health disorders?

It leads to prejudice and discrimination as our culture likes to reject people. They will find it difficult to find a job, denied housing and often falsely accused of crimes


Advantages of diagnosing mental disorders?

Disorders can be constantly treated and the diagnosis will be the same from hospital to hospital all over the world.


Define Psychopathology

The scientific study of mental, emotional, and behavioural disorders. It also refers to the disorders themselves


Define symptom

A sign exhibited by someone which allows a diagnosis


Define prevalence

How frequently occurring a disorder is in the community. Usually written as a percentage out of 100


Define Prognosis

That is the outcome? Can it be cured? Can it be treated? Will they have it forever?


Define stigma

The negative stereotype of someone with a mental illness causing them to be discriminated against


List a mood disorder

Bipolar Depresion


What is Bipolar depressions prevalence and symptoms?

It is much less common than major depression and is usually experienced before the age of 30. 1.2% of the Aussie population is diagnosed. Symptoms are characterised by mood swings of elevated happy to depression. When in Mania they are full of energy, heart racing, take large risks and loose their temper easily. When in Depression they feel sad, worthless, helpless, withdrawn from social relationships and decreased energy and motivation


What are the causes of Bipolar Depresion?

Primarily a biological cause that is awakened by a stressful life event. If one parent has it the likelihood of their child having to is 10% but 40% if both have it. Hey may not get it though. The reaction of abnormal neurochemistry in the brain sets it off


What is the prognosis and treatment of Bipolar depression?

Prognosis is that if someone does seek help from a professional around 80% of suffers will have improved symptoms over time. The treatment is counselling, Lithium Carbonate and schlock therapy


What is one anxiety disorder?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder


What is the prevalence and symptoms of OCD

About 3 in 100 people will develop OCD at some point in their lives. Symptoms are obsessions, including thought that intrude the consciousness against someone's will that cause extreme discomfort and interfere with functioning, and Compulsions, irrational acts that people feel driven to repeat


What are the causes of OCD

Biological causes are brain structure abnormalities to the left hemisphere of the brain. Genetic causes are approximately 3-7% get it front heir parents. Environmental causes include obsessions that are triggers to anxiety.


What's re the prognosis and treatment of OCD

Treatment are drugs, counselling and community support programs. Prognosis is that it can be managed so not to affect every day life.


What is a psychotic disorder



What is the prevalence and causes of Schizophrenia?

1 in 100 will suffer during their lifetime. Most are young adults but it can occur at any age in either gender. The causes are genetic factors, twins mails and adoptions play an important factor, abnormalities in brain structure such as hollow spaces, environmental factors such as complications during pregnancy and drug use such a cannabis, cocaine and speed.


What a the symptoms is Schizophrenia? How is it diagnosed?

Delusions are persistence and false beliefs that are illogical and lack evidence that are believed to be true. Hallucinations are experienced perceptions which are not present in reality. To be diagnosed a person must have had disturbance in thought for at least 6 months, 2 symptoms for at least 1 month and displayed some disorientation in social interactions.


What is the treatment and prognosis for Schizophrenia?

Antipsychotic drugs and council king are used and when taken on a continuous basis reduces hallucinations but there is no cures.


What is a personality disorder? Who have been diagnosed with it?

Antisocial Personality Disorder often found in serial killers such as Ted Bundy, Charles Manson, Jeffery Dahmer and Son of Sam Berkowitz.


What are the symptoms and the prevalence of Antisocial personality disorder

There are approximately 5 times more males than females with this disorder. Approximately 0.2% of females and 1% of males suffer. Symptoms include impulsive, selfish, manipulative towards others, dishonest and are incapable of having deep feelings such as guilt or love


What are the causes do Antisocial Personality disorder?

There is usually a history of emotional deprivation, neglect and physical abuse. Infants who fail to form a healthy emotional attachment to to a caregiver may be prone to this.


What is the treatment and prognosis of Antisocial Personality disorder?

The disorder is rarely treated with success. Suffers manipulate therapy as it is often to their advantage to 'act' cured but they return to their former behaviour patterns as soon as possible. The disorder tends to decline after the age of 40 even with no treatment