Humanities 1 Flashcards Preview

EXAM > Humanities 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Humanities 1 Deck (39):
0

Define developed

a country that is industrialised and has a good standard of living

1

Define developing

a country that is not yet highly industrialised with a low standard of living

2

Define equality

The state of being the same as another

3

What is GDP

Gross Domestic Product is a measurement of the annual value of all the goods and services bought and sold within a countries borders

4

What is HDI

Human Development Index measures the standard of living and wellbeing in a country by measuring education, literacy, and income

5

Define health services

A public services providing medical care, this is often very scarce in developing countries

6

Define infant morality

The death of a very young child often closely after birth

7

Define Maternal morality

Death of a woman while pregnant

8

Define life expectancy

The number of years that an individual is expected to live. It is calculated according to the conditions in a particular country

9

Define Malnourishment

Poorly or improperly fed, lacking the nutrients that are necessary for life

10

Population density

The number of people within a given area, usually per square kilometre

11

Define Population distribution

The spread of people across the globe

12

What is qualitive data

Usually consists of a complex set of numbers that measure a particular aspect of the quality of life. This is useful in analysing features that are not easily calculated such as freedom.

13

Define quantitive data

Easily measured and can be stated numerically, such as annual income or how many doctors ere are in a country

14

Define sanitation

Access to facilities that safely dispose of human waste

15

Define standard of living

A level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone or some group

16

Define urban

Living in a city

17

Define rural

Living in the country

18

Define urbanisation

To make or become urban in character

19

What is Cholera?

An infection of the small intestines. The main symptoms are diarrhoea and vomiting causing severe dehydration. Transmission occurs primarily by drinking water or eating food contaminated by infected feces

20

Define water-related disease

Diseases that are spread through contaminated water supplies, they are very dominant in developing countries with no clean water supply

21

Define wellbeing

A good or satisfactory condition of existence characterised by health, happiness, prosperity and welfare

22

Define development

To lead long and healthy lives, to be knowledgable, to have access to the resources needed for a decent standard of life and to participate in the life of the community

23

Define indicator

A value that informs us of a condition or progress

24

Define industrialised

Having developed a wide range of industries or having highly developed industries

25

Define ecological footprint

The amount of productive land used on average by each person

26

What is MEDC and LEDC

More Economically Developed Country and Less Economically Developed Country

27

What is HPI

The Happy Planet Index measures the happiness of a country through measuring the three components; life expectancy, experienced wellbeing and ecological footprint.

28

What are some NGO's

some Non Government Organisations are UNICEF (UN's Children's Fund), WHO (World Health Organisation) and UNFPA (UN's Population Fund)

29

What are the five categories of wellbeing?

They are social indicators, environmental indicators, economic indicators, technological indicators and political indicators.

30

What are some social indicators

Doctors per person, literacy rate, birth rate/death rate, life expectancy, infant morality rate, children underweight, malnutrition, contraceptive prevalence rate and years of schooling

31

What are some environmental indicators?

Carbon dioxide emissions, access to clean water, ecological footprint, access to water, renewable energy, protected environment and natural hazards

32

What is the economic indicator

The GDP per Capita

33

What is the technological indicator?

Energy consumption such as coal, petroleum and natural gas

34

What are some political indicators?

Defence expenditure and female parliamentary representation

35

How do the five categories of wellbeing interconnect?

For example due to low water quality, more people become sick meaning less can work and so less emissions are made. Every aspect of life effects another aspect, we live in a spherical world so there is no beginning and there is no end to the connections

36

What are some developed countries?

Australia, the USA and the UK

37

What are some countries considered to be developing?

Africa, India and South America

38

What are some connections between the indicatos?

There is a clear interconnection between wealth and life expectancy. Wealthier people in all countries can be expected to live longer