Flashcards in Humanities 1 Deck (39):
a country that is industrialised and has a good standard of living
a country that is not yet highly industrialised with a low standard of living
The state of being the same as another
What is GDP
Gross Domestic Product is a measurement of the annual value of all the goods and services bought and sold within a countries borders
What is HDI
Human Development Index measures the standard of living and wellbeing in a country by measuring education, literacy, and income
Define health services
A public services providing medical care, this is often very scarce in developing countries
Define infant morality
The death of a very young child often closely after birth
Define Maternal morality
Death of a woman while pregnant
Define life expectancy
The number of years that an individual is expected to live. It is calculated according to the conditions in a particular country
Poorly or improperly fed, lacking the nutrients that are necessary for life
The number of people within a given area, usually per square kilometre
Define Population distribution
The spread of people across the globe
What is qualitive data
Usually consists of a complex set of numbers that measure a particular aspect of the quality of life. This is useful in analysing features that are not easily calculated such as freedom.
Define quantitive data
Easily measured and can be stated numerically, such as annual income or how many doctors ere are in a country
Access to facilities that safely dispose of human waste
Define standard of living
A level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone or some group
Living in a city
Living in the country
To make or become urban in character
What is Cholera?
An infection of the small intestines. The main symptoms are diarrhoea and vomiting causing severe dehydration. Transmission occurs primarily by drinking water or eating food contaminated by infected feces
Define water-related disease
Diseases that are spread through contaminated water supplies, they are very dominant in developing countries with no clean water supply
A good or satisfactory condition of existence characterised by health, happiness, prosperity and welfare
To lead long and healthy lives, to be knowledgable, to have access to the resources needed for a decent standard of life and to participate in the life of the community
A value that informs us of a condition or progress
Having developed a wide range of industries or having highly developed industries
Define ecological footprint
The amount of productive land used on average by each person
What is MEDC and LEDC
More Economically Developed Country and Less Economically Developed Country
What is HPI
The Happy Planet Index measures the happiness of a country through measuring the three components; life expectancy, experienced wellbeing and ecological footprint.
What are some NGO's
some Non Government Organisations are UNICEF (UN's Children's Fund), WHO (World Health Organisation) and UNFPA (UN's Population Fund)
What are the five categories of wellbeing?
They are social indicators, environmental indicators, economic indicators, technological indicators and political indicators.
What are some social indicators
Doctors per person, literacy rate, birth rate/death rate, life expectancy, infant morality rate, children underweight, malnutrition, contraceptive prevalence rate and years of schooling
What are some environmental indicators?
Carbon dioxide emissions, access to clean water, ecological footprint, access to water, renewable energy, protected environment and natural hazards
What is the economic indicator
The GDP per Capita
What is the technological indicator?
Energy consumption such as coal, petroleum and natural gas
What are some political indicators?
Defence expenditure and female parliamentary representation
How do the five categories of wellbeing interconnect?
For example due to low water quality, more people become sick meaning less can work and so less emissions are made. Every aspect of life effects another aspect, we live in a spherical world so there is no beginning and there is no end to the connections
What are some developed countries?
Australia, the USA and the UK
What are some countries considered to be developing?
Africa, India and South America