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Flashcards in Health 5 Deck (18):
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What and where is the cranium?

29 bones: 14 from basic frame work for eyes, nose, cheekbones, upper and lower jaw. The cranium is the flat bone that covers and protects the brain and forms the shape of the face.

1

What are the upper and lower jaw bones?

Maxilla (upper) and mandible (lower)

2

What is the vertebral column?

A chain of small bones called vertebrae and forms the central axis of the skeleton. It also protects the spinal cord.

3

What is the spine made up of?

24 vertebrae, the sacrum (bone in centre connected to hip bone) and the coccyx (below the sacrum)

4

What is the rib cage?

12 sets of ribs designed to protect the heart and lungs. It is made up or ribs on the sides, the spine at the bak, and the sternum at the front.

5

What are the shoulder blades and the collar bone called?

Scapula - shoulder blade
Clavicle - collar bone

6

What are the parts of the pelvis

Sacrum - back of pelvis
Hip bones - side of pelvis

7

What are. The arm bones?

Humerus - upper
Radius - smaller lower arm
Ulna - bigger lower arm

8

Finger and toes?

Flanges

9

Leg bones

Femur - upper
Fibula - thiner lower
Tibia - shine bone

10

Wrist bone?

Carpals

11

How many muscles in the body?

More than 600

12

Mid section muscle?

Abs - upper abdominal
Obliques - lower abdominal

13

The back?

Rhomboids - upper back
Latissimus dorsi (lats) - middle back
Obliques - lower back

14

Chest

Pectoralis major (pecs)- upper chest

15

Shoulders

Deltoids
Anterior - front
Posterior - back
Medial - middle

16

Arms

Bicep- upper front
Tricep- upper back
Extensor and Flexor muscle make up lower arm

17

Legs

Gastrocnemius- upper lower leg
Soleus- lower lower leg
Quadriceps- upper front
Hamstrings- upper back
Gluteus maximus - bum