Flashcards in Humanities Deck (23):
When did WWI start and end?
It started on the 28th of July, 1914 and ended on the 11th of November, 1918
What were the causes in the lead up to WWI?
Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism and Imperialism were all causes in lead up to this war
What is militarism?
Militarism is the idea that war is brilliant. It made war seem noble, heroic and glorified
What were Alliances?
Alliances were strong bonds or relationships between different countries. They were seen as protection and help if war ever broke out the Alliances of that country must come to its aid.
What is Nationalism?
Nationalism is the feeling of intense loyalty to a persons country. It was the idea that your country was better than anyone else's.
What is Imperialism?
Imperialism is the belief in empires and that countries wanted to expand by controlling other countries through colonies.
What was the trigger that started the fighting of WWI?
The trigger was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austria-Hungary throne
What countries were on who's side?
The Central powers mainly consisted of the Ottoman empire(turkey), Germany and Austria-Hungary. The allies were the British empire, France and Russia. Italy swapped sides during the middle first with the central powers, then to the allies.
Why did young Australian men enlist to fight in WWI?
Young men enlisted because of the Militarism idea. War seemed glorious and it was a free trip to see Europe.
Where did Australian soldiers fight in WWI?
They fought in Gallipoli, the Western Front, the Middle East, Egypt, Palestine and on the seas
What was the short term impact of WWI?
Many lives were lost and so the immediate impact was very shocking. Families had to morn and as all the money had gone to the war the economy was running low.
What were the long term impacts of WWI?
The relationships that were formed. Enemy's were made friendships were tightened and the realisation that war wasn't good had dawned.
What was it like for soldiers on the battle field?
It was a tough life in the trenches. Diseases spread quickly and they would have been hard to get out of if attacked. Another problem was the Allied troops always fought in the same way, bombardment and then man on man, so much so that their enemies new exactly what was coming. People saw their friends die and or rice things that scared them for life, physically and mentally.
How did the Australian soldiers differ form other allied soldiers?
Unlike the others,me were all volunteers and so could not be shot for abandoning the war.
Was conscription introduced in Australia in WWI?
Conscription was never introduced during WWI but Labour Minister Hughes did try in 1916 and 1917 to get it passed but both failed
What were the arguments for conscription?
People thought it was Australia's duty to support Britain, they claimed conscription meant 'equality of sacrifice’. Voluntary recruitment was failing and other Allied countries, such as Great Britain, New Zealand and Canada, had already introduced conscription.
What were the argue nets against conscription?
They thought that No person had the right to send another to be killed or wounded,they belived there would not be enough hands to farm if men were conscripted. The working class would unfairly be forced to fight and to many Australain men had already been wounded and killed
When did the Gallipoli campaign happen?
It occurred between 25th of April and 18th of December, 1915
Why did the Gallipoli campaign occur?
Greece, Bulgaria and Romania would have been forced to join the allies if they had won. They would have been able to use the Dardanelles to send supplies through to Russia. If they won Austria-Hungary would be threatened and the Turks would have been defeated.
Who fought in the Gallipoli campaign?
The ANZACs fought the Turkish bravely giving rise to the ANZAC legend.
What was the result of the Gallipoli campaign?
It was clear to the ANZACs that Gallipoli was going to be a stalemate, losing lives for no reason. They decided to pull out of Gallipoli and our of the whole battle it was the most well planned out part.
What message was the propaganda posters trying to send out?
Propaganda sent the message that the Germans were terrible and pulled at men's pride to make them fight. Others pulled at men's morality and their sympathy making them enlist out of guilt.