HSK5_10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HSK5_10 Deck (100):
1

悄悄

qiāoqiāo - quietly, silently, on the quiet (副)搭配:悄悄地走开,悄悄告诉你,悄悄地说话

2

qiáo - [Informal] to look, to see (动)搭配:瞧见,瞧一瞧,瞧一眼

3

巧妙

qiǎomiào - ingenious, clever (形)搭配:很巧妙,构思巧妙,巧妙的计划,设计巧妙

4

qiē - to cut, to slice (动)搭配:切菜,切东西

5

侵略

qīnlüè - aggression, invasion (名)搭配:侵略战争,抵抗侵略

6

亲爱

qīn'ài - dear, beloved (形)搭配:亲爱的老师,亲爱的同学们,亲爱的母亲,亲爱的祖国

7

亲切

qīnqiè - cordial, kind; close, intimate, dear (形)搭配:亲切地说,亲切教导,语气很亲切

8

亲自

qīnzì - personally, in person, oneself (副)搭配:亲自来,亲自去,亲自做 。。。,亲自动手

9

勤奋

qínfèn - diligent, assiduous, industrious, hardworking (形)搭配:勤奋刻苦,勤奋学习,很勤奋,工作勤奋

10

勤劳

qínláo - diligent, industrious, hardworking (形)搭配:勤劳致富

11

qīng - nature's color; green or blue; greenish black; youth; young [of people] (形)搭配:青色,青天,青山绿水,四季常青

12

青春

qīngchūn - youth, youthfulness (名)搭配:正值青春,青春的气息,青春活力,青春期,青春年华

13

青少年

qīngshàonián - teen-agers, youngsters, adolescent (名)搭配:青少年时期,青少年读者

14

苦口婆心

kǔkǒu póxīn - Used to refer to a person who is very kindhearted and who will spare no effort persuading others to be good (成语: 形)反义词:口蜜腹剑 - kǒumì-fùjiàn

15

赶鸭子上架

gǎn yāzi shàng jià [drive a duck onto a perch] - try to make sb. do sth. entirely beyond him (惯用语: 动)例句:我?不行,别赶鸭子上架了,我短跑最差了。

16

忽悠

hūyou [Hu You] - to mislead, to deceive, to dupe, to trick, to con, to hoodwink [from Northern China dialect] (流行语: 动)

17

轻视

qīngshì - to belittle, to look down on, to underrate (动)搭配:轻视对方,被人轻视,轻视教育

18

轻易

qīngyì - easily; lightly, rashly (副)搭配:轻易地下结论,轻易获胜,轻易地答应别人

19

清淡

qīngdàn - light, weak, delicate; light [of food, not greasy or strongly flavored]; dull, slack (形)搭配:味道清淡,清淡的花香,清淡的菜

20

情景

qíngjǐng - scene, sight, circumstances (名)搭配:美好的情景,感人的情景,分手的情景,情景对话

21

情绪

qíngxù - morale, feeling, mood, sentiments; depression, moodiness, the sulks (名)搭配:闹情绪,平复情绪,情绪稳定,不满的情绪,情绪低落

22

请求

qǐngqiú - to ask, to request; to beg (动)搭配:接受请求,关于 。。。的请求;请求救援,请求上级,请求某人做某事

23

庆祝

qìngzhù - to celebrate (动)搭配:举杯庆祝,庆祝生日,庆祝国庆,庆祝元旦

24

球迷

qiúmí - [ball game] fan (名)搭配:一个球迷,球迷俱乐部

25

趋势

qūshì - trend, tendency (名)搭配:必然趋势,总趋势,发展趋势,呈现 。。。的趋势

26

取消

qǔxiāo - to cancel, to call off, to abolish (动)搭配:取消资格,取消活动,取消不合理制度,临时取消

27

qǚ - to marry [a woman] (动)搭配:嫁娶,娶媳妇儿,娶新娘,娶亲

28

去世

qùshì - [of grown-up people] to die, to pass away (动)搭配:不幸去世,去世于1988年11月,老人去世

29

quān - circle, ring; circle, group; to enclose, to encircle; to mark with a circle (名;动)搭配:一个圈儿,圆圈儿,铁圈儿,转圈儿,影视圈;圈起来

30

权力

quánlì - power, authority; scope of power, extent of authority, jurisdiction (名)搭配:权力很大,国家权力机关,有权力,行使 。。。的权力

31

权利

quánlì - right, entitlement (名)搭配:权利与义务,法律权利,政治权利,民事权利,权利平等,放弃权利

32

全面

quánmiàn - all sides; overall, comprehensive, all-round (名;形)搭配:照顾全面,全面情况;考虑不全面,内容很全面,全面发展,全面了解,全面提高

33

老马识途

lǎomǎ shí tú - an old hand is a good guide (成语: 名;副)例句:李领队老马识途地带领大家逛热闹的商店街。同义词:驾轻就熟 - jiàqīng-jiùshú反义词:暗中摸索 - ànzhōng mōsuo

34

过五关斩六将

guò wǔ guān, zhǎn liù jiàng [force five passes and slay six generals] - fig. to surmount all difficulties [on the way to success]; lit. to cross five passes and slay six generals (惯用语: 动)

35

纠结

jiūjié [Twisted] - Having contradictory feelings toward something, a term often used by young people (流行语)例句:真是纠结死了。

36

quàn - to advise, to urge, to try to persuade; to encourage; to comfort (动)搭配:劝解,劝某人做某事,劝告,劝导,劝架,劝酒

37

缺乏

quēfá - to be short of, to lack, to be in want of (动)搭配:缺乏锻炼,缺乏信心,缺乏知识,缺乏根据,缺乏经验,劳动力缺乏,营养缺乏

38

确定

quèdìng - to define, to fix, to determine; definite, certain, sure (动;形)搭配:十分确定,不确定因素,确定的答案;确定时间,确定某事

39

确认

quèrèn - to affirm, to confirm, to acknowledge (动)搭配:确认无误,确认密码,确认 。。。是正确的

40

qún - crowd, group; [Measure Word] [for people or animals] group, herd, flock (名;量)搭配:一群学生,一群马,一群羊,成群结队 [in large numbers {成语}]

41

燃烧

ránshāo - to burn, to kindle, to flame, to ignite (动)搭配:怒火在燃烧,大火在燃烧,剧烈燃烧

42

rǎng - to shout, to yell, to make an uproar; [Informal] to make a noise, to make an uproar; [Dialect] to scold, to dress down, to blame (动)搭配:叫嚷

43

rào - to move round, to circle, to revolve; to wind, to coil; to make a detour, to bypass, to go round; to confuse, to baffle, to befuddle (动)搭配:绕来绕去,绕远儿,绕道而行,绕圈子,绕弯儿

44

热爱

rè'ài - ardently love, have deep love [or affection] for (动)搭配:热爱祖国,热爱家乡,热爱工作,热爱生活,对 。。。的热爱

45

热烈

rèliè - warm, enthusiastic, animated (形)搭配:热烈欢迎,热烈庆祝,热烈的掌声,气氛热烈,讨论的很热烈

46

热心

rèxīn - enthusiastic, ardent, earnest, warmhearted (形)搭配:热心人,热心的建议,热心观众,十分热心

47

人才

réncái - a person of ability, a talented person, talent, qualified personnel; [Informal] handsome appearance (名)搭配:培养人才,造就人才,全能人才,挑选人才,人才外流

48

人口

rénkǒu - population; number of people in a family (名)搭配:统计人口,人口数量,人口增加,人口减少,常住人口,非农业人口

49

人类

rénlèi - mankind, humanity (名)搭配:全人类,人类的发展,人类社会,人类文明,造福人类

50

人民币

rénmínbì - Renminbi [RMB, Chinese monetary unit] (名)搭配:发行人民币,人民币升值

51

人生

rénshēng - life [one's time on earth] (名)搭配:人生墓表,美好的人生,人生道路,人生观,人生大事

52

人事

rénshì - human affairs, occurrences in human life; personnel matters; ways of the world; consciousness of the outside world; what is humanly possible; [Euphemistic] sexual awareness or passion, the facts of life; [Dialect] gift (名)搭配:人事安排,人事材料,人事问题,人事斗争

53

理直气壮

lǐzhí qìzhuàng - with justice on one's side one is bold and assured (成语: 形)反义词:理屈词穷 - lǐqū cíqióng

54

好了伤疤忘了痛/好了疮疤忘了疼

hǎole shāngbā wàngle tòng/hǎole chuāngbā wàngle téng [Once on shore one prays no more] - to forget the pain as soon as the wound heals (惯用语: 动)

55

kào [Kao] - fuck [vulgar]; an exclamatory word to express dissatisfaction, astonishment, anger, helplessness, contempt, etc. which can also be an oath. It is mostly used by young people, especially on the Internet (流行语: 动)

56

人物

rénwù - figure, personage; person in literature, character (名)搭配:重要人物,英雄人物,人物特点,人物简介,伟大的人物

57

人员

rényuán - personnel, staff (名)搭配:工作人员,值班人员,监考人员,销售人员

58

忍不住

rěnbuzhù - cannot help doing sth., unable to bear (动)搭配:忍不住哭,忍不住回头,忍不住笑了

59

日常

rìcháng - day-to-day, everyday, daily, usual (形)搭配:日常生活,日常用品,日常工作,日常用语

60

日程

rìchéng - programme, schedule, agenda (名)搭配:日程安排,议事日程,工作日程,日程表,旅游日程

61

日历

rìlì - calendar (名) M: zhāng [张] / běn [本]搭配:一本日历,新日历

62

日期

rìqī - date (名)搭配:截止日期,交款日期,结婚日期,开会的日期,推迟 。。。的日期

63

日用品

rìyòngpǐn - articles for daily use, household goods (名) M: jiàn [件] / gè [个]搭配:买日用品,日用品公司,日用品商店

64

日子

rìzi - day, date; time; life, livelihood (名)搭配:过日子,好日子

65

荣誉

róngyù - honor, credit, glory (名)搭配:荣誉感,获得荣誉

66

融化

rónghuà - [of ice, snow, etc.] to melt, to thaw (动)搭配:开始融化,冰融化

67

如何

rúhé - how, what (代)搭配:如何处理,如何做,如何回答,如何搭配

68

如今

rújīn - nowadays, now, these days, at present (名)搭配:事到如今

69

ruǎn - soft, flexible, supple, pliable; soft, mild, gentle; weak, feeble; poor in quality, ability, etc.; easily moved or influenced (形)搭配:软软的,很软,心软

70

软件

ruǎnjiàn - computer software (名)搭配:开发软件,游戏软件,软件公司,硬件与软件

71

ruò - weak, feeble; young; inferior; [Formal] to lose [through death]; [following a fraction or decimal] a little less than (形;动)搭配:声音很弱,弱小,体力很弱

72

sǎ - to sprinkle, to spray, to spill, to shed (动)搭配:洒水,喷洒,洒泪,洒香水

73

嗓子

sǎngzi - throat, larynx; voice (名)搭配:嗓子疼,嗓子干,嗓子红了,好嗓子

74

良药苦口

liángyào kǔ kǒu - [fig.] frank criticism is hard to swallow; [lit.] good medicine tastes bitter (成语: 动)同义词:忠言逆耳 - zhōngyán nì ěr

75

红眼病

hóngyǎnbìng [pinkeye disease] - envy, jealousy (惯用语: 名)例句:唉,我看你这是红眼病吧。

76

靠谱儿

kàopǔér [Kao Pu'er] - dependable, reliable (流行语: 形)

77

色彩

sècǎi - color, hue; characteristic quality, flavor, color (名)搭配:色彩搭配,色彩对比,文学色彩

78

shā - to kill, to slaughter, to butcher; to fight, to go into battle; to weaken, to reduce, to abate; [Dialect] smart; to take off, to counteract; [used after a verb] in the extreme, exceedingly (动;名;副)搭配:杀害,杀死,杀人不见血,杀进决赛

79

沙漠

shāmò - desert (名)搭配:一片沙漠,撒哈拉沙漠,穿越沙漠,沙漠地区,治理沙漠

80

沙滩

shātān - sand beach (名)搭配:沙滩上,沙滩排球,沙滩鞋,沙滩裤

81

shǎ - stupid, muddleheaded, foolish; think or act mechanically (形)搭配:傻等,傻笑,傻样儿

82

shài - [of the sun] to shine upon; to dry in the sun, to bask (动)搭配:晒太阳,晒粮食,晒衣服,晒被子

83

删除

shānchú - to delete; strike [or cut, cross] out (动)搭配:删除文件,删除资料,删除聊天记录

84

闪电

shǎndiàn - lightning (名)搭配:一道闪电,看到闪电

85

扇子

shànzi - fan (名) M: bǎ [把]搭配:一把扇子,扇扇子

86

善良

shànliáng - good and honest, kindhearted, kind (形)搭配:非常善良,心地善良,善良的人,善良的心愿

87

善于

shànyú - to be good at, to be adept in (动)搭配:善于写作,善于跳舞,善于唱歌,善于思考,善于学习

88

伤害

shānghài - to injure, to harm, to hurt, to impair (动)搭配:伤害身体,伤害别人,受到伤害

89

商品

shāngpǐn - commodity, goods, merchandise, wares (名)搭配:商品展示,商品生产,商品经济,商品流通

90

商务

shāngwù - commercial affairs, business affairs (名)搭配:商务代表,商务会议,商务关系

91

商业

shāngyè - commerce, trade, business (名)搭配:商业街,商业银行,现代商业,商业发达

92

上当

shàngdàng - to be taken in, to be fooled, to be duped (动)搭配:上当受骗,小心上当,上了一个大当

93

路不拾遗

lù bù shí yí - honesty prevails throughout society; often describes a highly disciplined society in which no one pockets anything valuable that he/she picks up somewhere (成语: 动;形)

94

捡了芝麻丢了西瓜

jiǎnle zhīma, diūle xīguā [pick up the sesame seeds but overlook the watermelons] - concentrate on minor matters to the neglect of major ones; be penny wise and pound foolish (惯用语: 形)

95

坑爹

kēngdiē [Keng Die] - [Internet slang] dishonest, fraudulent, deceptive (流行语: 形)

96

勺子

sháozi - spoon, scoop, ladle (名) M: bǎ [把]搭配:一把勺子

97

shé - snake, serpent (名)搭配:一条蛇,蛇洞

98

舌头

shétou - tongue; an enemy soldier captured for the purpose of extracting information (名)搭配:伸舌头

99

舍不得

shěbude - to hate to part with sth./sb. or use; to grudge, to begrudge (动)搭配:舍不得走,舍不得买

100

设备

shèbèi - equipment, device (名)搭配:生产设备,机器设备,购买设备,电子设备,设备齐全