HSK5_13 Flashcards Preview

中文:新HSK5/6词汇 (高级) > HSK5_13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in HSK5_13 Deck (100):
1

舍己为人

shě jǐ wèi rén - to sacrifice one's own interests for the sake of others (成语: 动;形;名)

2

méng [Moe {Japanese}] - adorable [loanword from Japanese 萌え moe, slang describing affection for a cute character] (流行语: 形;动)

3

维修

wéixiū - to keep in [good] repair, to service, to maintain (动)搭配:维修厂,维修工人,维修汽车,维修房屋,维修费

4

门外汉

ménwàihàn [man standing outside the door] - layman, novice, greenhorn, or tyro (惯用语: 名)

5

唯一

wéiyī - only, sole (形)搭配:唯一的选择,唯一的机会

6

伟大

wěidà - great, mighty (伟大)搭配:伟大的事业,伟大的祖国,伟大的理想,伟大的科学家

7

尾巴

wěiba - tail, tail-like part (形)搭配:一条尾巴,摇着尾巴,翘尾巴,兔子尾巴,飞机尾巴,彗星尾巴

8

维护

wéihù - to safeguard, to defend, to uphold (动)搭配:维护集体利益

9

委屈

wěiqu - feel wronged, nurse a grievance, suffer from injustice, put sb. to great inconvenience (形;动)搭配:很委屈,受委屈,感到委屈,委屈地说,委屈你了

10

未必

wèibì - may not, not necessarily, not sure (副)搭配:未必知道,未必能懂

11

未来

wèilái - coming, approaching, next, future; future, tomorrow (形;名)搭配:未来的一年; 美好的未来,展望未来

12

委托

wěituō - to entrust, to trust (动)搭配:委托人

13

位于

wèiyú - [Formal] to be located, to be situated, to lie (动)搭配:位于某处,位于亚洲东部

14

卫生间

wèishēngjiān - toilet, bathroom (名)搭配:独立卫生间

15

位置

wèizhi - seat, place; position, location, site (名)搭配:具体位置,互换位置,移动位置

16

wèi - stomach (名)搭配:胃疼,胃病,胃不舒服

17

胃口

wèikǒu - appetite; liking (名)搭配:胃口好,没胃口,对胃口,倒胃口

18

温暖

wēnnuǎn - warm (动;形)搭配:温暖了大家;天气温暖,幸福温暖,温暖如春,感到温暖

19

温柔

wēnróu - gentle, meek, affectionate (形)搭配:性格温柔,温柔地说,温柔体贴

20

文件

wénjiàn - document, file, papers (名)搭配:一份文件,文件夹,看文件,复印文件

21

文具

wénjù - stationary (名)搭配:买文具,文具盒,文具店

22

文明

wénmíng - civilization, culture; civilized (名;形)搭配:讲文明,精神文明,物质文明,文明国家;文明的行为

23

事半功倍

shìbàn gōngbèi - get twice the result with half the effort, the right approach saves effort and leads to better results (成语: 动;形)同义词:一举两得 - yìjǔ liǎngdé; 一箭双雕 - yījiàn shuāngdiāo反义词:事倍功半 - shìbèi gōngbàn

24

没有免费的午餐

méiyǒu miǎnfèi de wǔcān [there is no free lunch] - It is used to warn people of a fraud or swindle which offers something free first as the bait (惯用语)

25

qīn [Hon] - Short form for "honey" often used by online shop assistants to address customers, but not indicating intimacy (流行语: 名)

26

文学

wénxué - literature (名)搭配:古典文学,外国文学,儿童文学,文学作品

27

文字

wénzì - characters, script, writing, written language (名)搭配:文字游戏,拼音文字

28

wén - smell, hear (动)搭配:难闻,好闻,闻一闻,闻不到

29

wěn - to kiss (动;名)搭配:吻了一下,吻别,亲吻;一个吻,飞吻

30

稳定

wěndìng - stable, steady; to stabilize, to steady (形;动)搭配:病情稳定,社会稳定;稳定情绪,稳定物价

31

问候

wènhòu - to send one's respects [or regards] to, to extend greetings to (动)搭配:新年问候,亲切的问候

32

卧室

wòshì - bedroom (名)搭配:舒适的卧室,一间卧室,卧室里面

33

握手

wòshǒu - to shake hands (动)搭配:与人握手,握手言和,跟 。。。握手,握着 。。。的手

34

无奈

wúnài - cannot help but, have no alternative, have no choice; but, however (动; 连)搭配:迫于无奈,被逼无奈,万般无奈,出于无奈;无奈 。。。

35

屋子

wūzi - room (名)搭配:干净的屋子,一间屋子,屋子外面

36

无数

wúshù - innumerable, countless (形)搭配:无数英雄,无数次,无数人

37

武器

wǔqì - arms,weapon (名)搭配:秘密武器,核武器,制造武器

38

无所谓

wúsuǒwèi - cannot be called, not deserve the name of, to be indifferent, not to matter (动)搭配:觉得无所谓,无所谓的态度

39

武术

wǔshù - Chinese martial arts, wushu (名)搭配:武术比赛,练习武术,武术表演,学武术,武术教练

40

wù - [used in prohibitions, admonitions, etc.] do not, never (副)搭配:请勿入内,请勿抽烟,非礼勿视

41

物理

wùlǐ - physics (名)搭配:物理实验,物理课

42

物质

wùzhì - matter, substance, material (名)搭配: 物质条件,物质文明

43

守望相助

shǒuwàng xiāng zhù - [of neighbouring villages, etc.] to keep watch and help defend each other; to give mutual help and protection (成语: 动)同义词:同舟共济 - tóng zhōu gòng jì反义词:不相为谋 - bù xiāng wéi móu

44

迷魂阵

míhúnzhèn [bewildering scheme] - a scheme for confusing or bewildering sb., maze, trap, labyrinth (惯用语: 名)

45

潜规则

qiánguīzé [Underlying rules] - unwritten rules (流行语: 名)

46

吸收

xīshōu - to absorb, to suck up, to assimilate, to imbibe, to draw; to recruit, to enroll, to admit (动)搭配:吸收营养,吸收阳光,吸收人才

47

戏剧

xìjù - drama, play (名)搭配:欣赏戏剧,戏剧演员,戏剧表演,戏剧大师

48

wù - fog, mist (名) M: cháng [场] / zhèn [阵]搭配:大雾,浓雾,雾气,烟雾

49

吸取

xīqǔ - to absorb, to draw, to assimilate (动)搭配:吸取教训,吸取先进技术

50

xì - system, series, department [in a college], faculty (名)搭配:物理系,数学系,音乐系,太阳系

51

系统

xìtǒng - system; systematic (名;形)搭配:系统化,组织系统;系统学习,系统研究

52

细节

xìjié - details, particulars (名)搭配:生活细节,细节方面,细节描写

53

xiā - to become blind; groundlessly, foolishly, to no purpose (动;副)搭配:瞎眼;瞎说,瞎花钱,瞎操心

54

下载

xiàzǎi - to download (动)搭配:下载电影,下载音乐,下载资料,免费下载

55

xià - to frighten, to scare, to intimidate (动)搭配:吓哭了,吓了一跳,吓出一身冷汗

56

夏令营

xiàlìngyíng - summer camp (名)搭配:暑期夏令营,英语夏令营

57

鲜艳

xiānyàn - bright-colored, gaily-colored (形)搭配:颜色鲜艳,鲜艳的鲜花儿,鲜艳的服装

58

显得

xiǎnde - to look, to seem, to appear (动)搭配:显得很正式,显得很年轻,显得十分高兴

59

显然

xiǎnrán - obviously, evidently, clearly (形)搭配:问题很显然,显然很重要,显然很生气

60

显示

xiǎnshì - to show, to display, to demonstrate, to manifest (动)搭配:显示效果,显示本领,资料显示

61

xiàn - county (名)搭配:县城,县政府,县领导,县级干部

62

守株待兔

shǒu zhū dài tù - [fig.] to trust to chance rather than show initiative; [lit.] to guard a tree-stump, waiting for rabbits (成语: 动)

63

拍马屁

pāi mǎpì [pat the horse's buttocks] - to flatter (惯用语: 动)

64

人气

rénqì [Ren Qi] - popularity [of a person or thing] (流行语: 名)

65

现金

xiànjīn - cash (名)搭配:现金收入,大量现金

66

现代

xiàndài - modern times (名)搭配:现代文明,现代社会,现代思想,现代文学

67

现实

xiànshí - reality, actuality; real, actual (名;形)搭配:面对现实,现实生活,脱离现实;很现实

68

现象

xiànxiàng - appearance [of things], phenomenon (名)搭配:社会现象,自然现象,分析现象

69

限制

xiànzhì - to place [or impose] restrictions on, to restrict, to limit, to confine; restriction, limit, confinement (动;名)搭配:限制发展,限制时间,限制条件;受到限制,对。。。有限制

70

相对

xiāngdùi - to opposite to each other, face to face; relative, relatively, comparatively (动;形)搭配:相对而坐,相对于。。。来说;相对高度,相对稳定

71

相处

xiāngchǔ - get along [with one another], live together,get on with (动)搭配:友好相处,难以相处,相处多年

72

相关

xiāngguān - to be mutually related, to be interrelated (动)搭配:密切相关,息息相关,相关部门,相关内容

73

相当

xiāngdāng - to match, to balance, to correspond to, to be about equal to, to be commensurate with; suitable, fit, appropriate; quite, fairly, considerably (动;形;副)搭配:实力相当,年龄相当;相当的条件;相当的成功,相当便宜

74

相似

xiāngsì - resemble, be similar, be alike (形)搭配:条件相似,相似关系,相似之处

75

香肠

xiāngcháng - sausage (名)搭配:一根香肠,加工香肠,吃香肠

76

享受

xiǎngshòu - to enjoy; enjoyment, treat (动;名)搭配:享受生活,享受幸福,物质享受,超值享受;贪图享受,艺术享受

77

想念

xiǎngniàn - to remember with longing, to long to see again, to miss (动)搭配:想念你,想念亲人,想念家乡,非常想念

78

想象

xiǎngxiàng - imagination, fancy ; to imagine, to conceive (名;动)搭配;一种想象,想象力;不难想象,想象不到

79

xiàng - measure word [for itemized things], term (量)搭配:一项任务,一项规定,各项工作

80

项链

xiàngliàn - necklace (名)搭配:一根项链,一条项链,金项链,银项链

81

项目

xiàngmù - item, program, project (名)搭配:服务项目,体育项目,建设项目,项目经理

82

水落石出

shuǐ luò shí chū - [fig.] the whole incident is now clear; [lit.] when the water subsides the rocks emerge (成语: 动)。。。查个水落石出:To get into the bottom of something to find out the reasons or causes.同义词:真相大白 - zhēnxiàng dàbái

83

跑龙套

pǎo lóngtào [play a walk-on role] - a Peking Opera term used to describe doing minor or trivial jobs; play a walk-on part; play a bit role (惯用语: 形)

84

人肉

rénròu [Human flesh] - a large-scale collective effort to find details about a person or event [Internet slang], short for 人肉搜索 rénròusōusuǒ or "human flesh search" (流行语: 名)

85

象棋

xiàngqí - chess (名)搭配: 下象棋,国际象棋,象棋大师,象棋比赛

86

象征

xiàngzhēng - to symbolize, to signify, to stand for; symbol, emblem, token (动;名)搭配:象征友谊,象征光明,象征意义;和平的象征,爱情的象征

87

橡皮

xiàngpí - eraser (名)搭配:一块橡皮

88

消费

xiāofèi - to consume, to spend, to buy, to purchase (动)搭配:高消费,消费水平,超前消费

89

消化

xiāohuà - to digest; to think over and absorb, to digest [knowledge] (动)搭配:消化系统;消化知识

90

消极

xiāojí - negative, passive, inactive (形)搭配:消极情绪,消极影响

91

消灭

xiāomiè - to perish, to die out, to pass away; to eliminate, to abolish, to exterminate, to wipe out (动)搭配:消灭敌人

92

消失

xiāoshī - to disappear, to vanish, to perish, to fade away (动)搭配: 完全消失,突然消失,没有消失,逐渐消失

93

销售

xiāoshòu - to sell, to market (动)搭配:销售商品,降价销售,销售一空

94

小吃

xiǎochī - snack, refreshment (名)搭配:小吃店,北京小吃

95

小伙子

xiǎohuǒzi - a young man, lad, a young fellow [or chap], youngster (名)搭配:英俊的小伙子

96

小麦

xiǎomài - wheat (名)搭配:种小麦,春小麦,冬小麦,小麦的产量

97

小气

xiǎoqì - stingy, niggardly, mean; [dialect] narrow-minded; petty (形)搭配:小气鬼,非常小气

98

小偷

xiǎotōu - petty [or sneak] thief, pilferer (名)搭配:抓小偷

99

孝顺

xiàoshùn - to show filial obedience (动)搭配:孝顺父母,孝顺老人,孝顺的孩子

100

xiē - to have a rest, to stop [work, etc.], to knock off (动)搭配:歇脚,歇业,歇息,歇一会儿