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Flashcards in HSK5_5 Deck (100):
1

半途而废

bàn tú ér fèi - You use this to say that someone abandons a job they are doing half way; wasted (成语: 动)同义词: 功亏一篑 - gōng kuī yī kuì; 前功尽弃 - qiángōng jìn qì反义词: 贯彻始终 - guànchè shǐzhōng; 持之以恒 - chí zhī yǐ héng

2

怪不得

guàibude - no wonder, so that's why, that explains why; not to blame (副;动)搭配:怪不得是这样;怪不得孩子,怪不得别人

3

关闭

guānbì - to close, to shut; [of a shop or factory] to close down, to shut down (动)搭配:关闭门窗,关闭机场,关闭高速公路,关闭学校,关闭工厂

4

关怀

guānhuái - to show loving care for, to show solicitude for (动)搭配:亲切关怀,关怀儿童

5

观察

guānchá - observe, watch, survey (动)搭配:观察动物,观察表情,观察情况,观察问题,观察地形

6

观点

guāndiǎn - point of view, viewpoint, standpoint, opinion, idea, view (名)搭配:科学观点,最新观点,提出观点,改变观点,正确的观点,独特的观点

7

观念

guānniàn - sense, idea, concept, perception (名)搭配:家庭观念,道德观念,价值观念,时间观念,传统观念,旧观念

8

guān - government official, officer, officeholder, organ; governmental, official; public; [Guān] a surname (名;形)搭配:做官,当官,外交官,官方

9

管子

guǎnzi - tube, pipe, valve (名)搭配:一根管子,水管子,铁管子,软管子,粗管子

10

冠军

guànjūn - champion, first-place winner (名)搭配:赢得冠军,获得冠军,全国冠军,世界冠军,团体冠军

11

罐头

guàntou - [Dialect] pot, jar, pitcher, jug; tinned [or canned] food (名) M: gè [个]搭配:水果罐头,罐头食品

12

光滑

guānghuá - smooth, glossy, sleek (形)搭配:光滑的皮肤,光滑的表面,光滑的镜子,光滑的玻璃

13

光临

guānglín - [of a guest or visitor] honor sb. with one's presence (动)搭配:欢迎光临,感谢光临,光临指导

14

光明

guāngmíng - light; bright, promising; openhearted, guileless (名;形)搭配:带来光明;光明的前途,光明的前景;光明的未来,心地光明,光明正大 {成语}

15

光盘

guāngpán - CD; optical disc (名)搭配:音乐光盘,电影光盘,空白光盘,刻录光盘;复制光盘,盗版光盘

16

光荣

guāngróng - honourable, honored, glorious; honor, glory, credit (形;名)搭配:光荣传统,感到关荣

17

广场

guǎngchǎng - public square, square (名)搭配:天安门广场,人民广场,中心广场,很大的广场

18

广大

guǎngdà - [of an area or space] vast, wide, extensive; large-scale, widespread; [of people] numerous (形)搭配:广大地区,广大的市场,广大的组织,广大群众,广大顾客

19

广泛

guǎngfàn - broad, extensive, wide-ranging, widespread (形)搭配:内容广泛,兴趣广泛,使用广泛,分布广泛,广泛调查,广泛顾客

20

归纳

guīnà - to sum up, to summarize, to conclude from facts, to induce; induction [method of deduction in logic] (动;名)
搭配:归纳法,归纳分析

21

杯弓蛇影

bēigōng shéyǐng - is often used to describe someone who is nervous and suspects that something bad may happen (成语: 形)同义词: 疑神疑鬼 - yíshén-yíguǐ; 风声鹤唳 - fēngshēnghèlì; 草木皆兵 - cǎo mù jiē bīng反义词: 处之泰然 - chǔ zhī tàirán

22

规矩

guīju - rules of a community or organization, established practice, custom; customary rules of good behaviour, social etiquette, manners; proper in behaviour, well-behaved, well-disciplined (名;形)搭配:立规矩,守规矩,违反规矩,老规矩;人很规矩

23

规律

guīlǜ - rule, law, regular pattern (名)搭配:自然规律,发现规律,研究规律,经济规律;客观规律

24

规模

guīmó - scale, scope, extent, dimensions; large-scale (名)搭配:初具规模,形成规模,规模大,规模小,扩大规模

25

规则

guīzé - rule, regulation; regular (名;形)搭配:交通规则,比赛规则,遵守规则,违反规则;形状规则,不规则

26

柜台

guìtái - counter, bar (名)搭配:商店柜台,银行柜台,食品柜台,手机柜台,站柜台

27

gǔn - to roll, to trundle; to get away, to beat it; to boil (动)搭配:滚动,滚雪球,滚开,滚出去,水滚了

28

guō - pot, pan, boiler, cauldron, etc.; bowl [of a pipe, etc.] (名) M: kǒu [口] / zhī [只]搭配:一口锅,电饭锅,炒锅,铁锅

29

国籍

guójí - nationality, citizenship (名)搭配:中国国籍,日本国籍

30

国庆节

guóqìngjié - National Day [in China observed on October 1] (名)搭配:庆祝国庆节

31

国王

guówáng - king (名)搭配:国王的权力,伟大的国王

32

果然

guǒrán - really, as expected, sure enough (副); if indeed, if really (连)搭配:果然很好,果然漂亮;果然是这样

33

果实

guǒshí - fruit, gains (名)搭配:一颗果实,结出果实,果实成熟,劳动果实

34

过分

guòfèn - excessive, undue, over- (形)搭配:过分谦虚,过分小心,过分紧张,过分保护,过分要求,过分的话

35

过敏

guòmǐn - [Medicine] allergy; to be allergic to; allergic, easily-affected, over-reacting (名;动;形)搭配:药物过敏,花粉过敏,食物过敏,对鱼过敏;有点儿过敏,反应过敏

36

过期

guòqī - to exceed the time limit, to be overdue (动)搭配:过期的食物,过期药,护照过期,证件过期

37

hā - to blow one's breath, breathe out [with the mouth open]; haha, the sound of laughing with the mouth wide open, usually reduplicated; expressing triumph or satisfaction, usually reduplicated (动;拟;叹)搭配:哈了一口气;哈哈大笑

38

海关

hǎiguān - customhouse, customs (名)搭配:通过海关,海关检查,海关官员,海关税收

39

不耻下问

bù chǐ xià wèn - to not feel ashamed to ask one's subordinates or people below (成语: 形)

40

海鲜

hǎixiān - seafood (名)搭配:海鲜酒楼,吃海鲜,海鲜过敏

41

hǎn - to shout, to cry out, to yell; to call [a person] (动)搭配:喊加油,喊救命,大喊大叫 {成语},喊人,喊姑姑

42

行业

hángyè - trade, profession, industry (名)搭配:饮食行业,服务行业,教育行业,医药行业

43

豪华

háohuá - luxurious, sumptuous, splendid (形)搭配:豪华的生活,豪华饭店,豪华汽车,豪华的房间,豪华的服装,豪华的建筑

44

好客

hàokè - be hospitable, keep open house (形)搭配:热情好客,好客的主人

45

好奇

hàoqí - be curious, be full of curiosity (形)搭配:好奇的孩子,好奇的眼光,对 。。。感到好奇,充满好奇,好奇心

46

合法

héfǎ - legal, lawful, legitimate, rightful (形)搭配:合法权利,合法地位,合法手段,合法利益,合法代表,合法活动

47

合理

hélǐ - rational, reasonable, equitable (形)搭配:合理安排,合理管理,合理保护,合理的规定,合理的办法

48

合同

hétong - [business] contract (名) M: gè [个]搭配:签合同,遵守合同,违反合同,租房合同,雇佣合同;无效合同

49

合影

héyǐng - to take a group photo; group photo (动;名)搭配:合影纪念;一张合影,拍合影

50

合作

hézuò - to cooperate, to collaborate, to work together (动)搭配:分工合作,国际合作,技术合作,经济合作

51

何必

hébì - there is no need, why, why should (副)搭配:何必生气,何必麻烦,何必当初

52

何况

hékuàng - much less, let alone; moreover, besides, in addition (连)

53

和平

hépíng - peace; peaceful, mild (名;形)搭配:世界和平,维护和平;和平共处,和平解决,和平解放

54

核心

héxīn - nucleus, core, kernel, heart, centre (名)搭配:核心工作,核心作用,核心任务,核心技术,核心力量,核心地区,领导核心

55

hèn - to hate, to regret (动)搭配:恨自己,恨他,含恨

56

不可救药

bùkě jiùyào - incurable, incorrigible, hopeless (成语: 形)同义词: 病入膏肓 - bìng rù gāo huāng反义词: 药到病除 - yào dào bìng chú

57

héng - horizontal; across; horizontal character stroke (形;名)搭配:横线

58

猴子

hóuzi - monkey (名)搭配:一只猴子,猴子很聪明

59

后背

hòubèi - back [of the body]; [Dialect] at the back, in the rear (名)搭配:后背疼痛,后背发凉

60

后果

hòuguǒ - consequence, aftermath, result (名)搭配:严重的后果,承担后果,导致 。。。后果,造成不好的后果

61

忽然

hūrán - suddenly, all of a sudden (副)搭配:忽然下雨了,忽然停电了

62

忽视

hūshì - to ignore, to overlook, to neglect, to look down upon, to give a cold shoulder (动)搭配:忽视安全,忽视问题,忽视细节,忽视朋友,忽视家庭

63

呼吸

hūxī - to breathe, to respire (动)搭配:呼吸困难,调整呼吸,呼吸系统,深呼吸,呼吸新鲜空气

64

胡说

húshuō - to talk nonsense, to drivel; nonsense (动;名)搭配:别胡说,都是胡说

65

胡同

hú·tòng - alleyway, lane (名)搭配:逛胡同,住在胡同里,胡同很窄,死胡同

66

胡须

húxū - beard, moustache or whiskers (名) M: gēn [根] / liǔ [绺]搭配:长满胡须,一脸胡须

67

hú - kettle, pot; bottle, flask; classifier for bottled liquid (名;量)搭配:水壶,茶壶,酒壶,油壶,一把壶,一壶茶

68

蝴蝶

húdié - butterfly (名) M: zhī [只]搭配:一只蝴蝶,美丽的蝴蝶,抓蝴蝶,研究蝴蝶,观察蝴蝶

69

糊涂

hútu - muddled, confused, bewildered; [Dialect] blurred, indistinct (形)搭配:脑子糊涂,心里糊涂,糊里糊涂,装糊涂,糊涂账

70

花生

huāshēng - peanut, groundnut (名)搭配:种花生,吃花生,花生酱,花生油,花生壳

71

huá - to paddle, to row; to scratch, to cut the surface of (动)搭配:划船,划玻璃;划了一口子

72

华裔

Huáyì - foreign citizen of Chinese origin (名)搭配:华裔歌手,华裔艺术家,华裔律师

73

huá - slippery, smooth; to slip, to slide; cunning, crafty, slippery (形;动)搭配:很滑,又圆又滑;滑冰,滑雪,滑了一跤

74

化学

huàxué - chemistry (名)搭配:化学分析,化学实验,化学变化,化学反应,化学工厂,化学工业

75

不劳而获

bù láo ér huò - to reap without sowing; to profit by or reap the fruits of other people's toil (成语: 动)同义词: 坐享其成 - zuò xiǎng qí chéng反义词: 自食其力 - zì shí qí lì

76

话题

huàtí - subject of a talk, topic of conversation (名)搭配:找话题,转换话题,新话题,热门话题

77

怀念

huáiniàn - to cherish the memory of, to think of, to recollect (动)搭配:怀念亲人,怀念家乡,怀念过去

78

怀孕

huáiyùn - be pregnant (动)搭配:怀孕期间,未婚怀孕

79

缓解

huǎnjiě - to relieve, to alleviate, to ease, to relax (动)搭配:缓解病痛;缓解压力;缓解矛盾,缓解危机,缓解紧张情绪

80

幻想

huànxiǎng - to imagine, to dream; illusion, fancy, fantasy (动;名)搭配:科学幻想,美丽的幻想,实现幻想;幻想当皇帝

81

慌张

huāngzhāng - flurried, flustered, confused (形)搭配:动作慌张,神色慌张,慌慌张张,慌张地跑了

82

皇帝

huángdì - emperor (名) M: gè [个]

83

皇后

huánghòu - empress (名)

84

黄瓜

huángguā - cucumber (名) M: tiáo [条]搭配:一根黄瓜

85

黄金

huángjīn - gold; golden (名;形)搭配:购买黄金;黄金时间,黄金地段,黄金时代,黄金季节

86

huī - ash, dust, lime; gray, ashy (名;形)搭配:烟灰;灰土,灰色

87

灰尘

huīchén - dust, dirt, ash (名)搭配:一层灰尘,打扫灰尘,灰尘很厚

88

灰心

huīxīn - to lose heart, to be discouraged, to be disappointed, to be disheartened (形)搭配:灰心的想法,感到灰心,别灰心

89

huī - to wave, to brandish, to wipe off, to command, to conduct, to scatter, to disperse (动)搭配:挥手,挥泪,挥了一把汗

90

恢复

huīfù - to resume, to renew; to recover, to regain; to restore, to reinstate, to rehabilitate (动)搭配:恢复健康,恢复正常,恢复自由,恢复原状

91

汇率

huìlǜ - exchange rate (名)搭配:公布汇率,现行汇率,汇率上升,汇率下降,汇率稳定

92

婚礼

hūnlǐ - wedding ceremony (名)搭配:办婚礼,举行婚礼,参加婚礼,传统婚礼

93

婚姻

hūnyīn - marriage, matrimony (名)搭配:婚姻关系,婚姻自由,婚姻法,幸福的婚姻

94

活跃

huóyuè - brisk, active, dynamic; to enliven, to animate, to invigorate (形;动)搭配:表现活跃,思想活跃;活跃经济,活跃市场,活跃气候

95

不务正业

bú wù zhèngyè - to not do honest work, to not live by honest labor; to ignore one's proper occupation, to not attend to one's duties (成语: 动)

96

火柴

huǒchái - match (名)搭配:一根火柴,安全火柴,点燃火柴,划火柴,火柴盒

97

伙伴

huǒbàn - partner, companion, mate (名)搭配:合作伙伴,贸易伙伴,商业伙伴,伙伴关系

98

或许

huòxǔ - perhaps, maybe (副)搭配:或许不是,或许已经走了

99

机器

jīqì - machine, machinery, apparatus (名)搭配:发明机器,使用机器,开动机器,修理机器

100

肌肉

jīròu - muscle (名)搭配:肌肉紧张,放松肌肉,肌肉发达,肌肉疼痛