HSK5_11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HSK5_11 Deck (100):
1

设计

shèjì - design, plan; to work out a plan or scheme (名;动)搭配:服装设计,一项设计,做设计;设计名片,设计网站,设计图纸

2

设施

shèshī - installation, facilities (名)搭配:基础设施,生活设施,服务设施,卫生设施,设施完备

3

射击

shèjī - to shoot, to fire; [Sports] shooting (动;名)搭配:射击手,射击项目,射击比赛

4

摄影

shèyǐng - to take a photograph; to shoot a film, to film (动)搭配:摄影家,摄影师,摄影作品,喜欢摄影

5

shēn - to stretch, to extend (动)搭配:伸长,伸出脑袋,伸手,伸腿,伸直,拉伸

6

身材

shēncái - stature, figure (名)搭配:苗条的身材,保持身材,标准身材,身材不好

7

身份

shēnfen - [Variant of 身分 shēnfen] status, capacity, identity; honourable position, dignity; [Dialect] the quality of a thing (名)搭配:身份证,公开身份,医生身份,有身份的人

8

深刻

shēnkè - deep, profound, deepgoing (形)搭配:印象深刻,内容深刻,深刻的体会,深刻剖析

9

神话

shénhuà - mythology, myth, fairy tale (名)搭配:一个神话,上古神话,神话传说,神话故事

10

神经

shénjīng - nerve (名)搭配:神经系统,神经紧张

11

神秘

shénmì - mysterious, mystical (形)搭配:神秘的礼物,很神秘,神秘人物

12

shēng - to rise, to hoist, to go up, to ascend; litre [l.] (动;量)搭配:上升,升高,升职,升旗;一升汽油

13

生产

shēngchǎn - to produce, to manufacture; to give birth to a child (动)搭配:生产商品,生产关系,生产工具,工业生产,生产资料

14

生动

shēngdòng - lively, vivid (形)搭配:生动活泼,生动形象,生动的语言

15

名落孙山

míng luò Sūn Shān - [fig.] to fail a competitive exam; [lit.] fall behind Sun Shan [who was last on the list of successful candidates] (成语: 动)同义词:榜上无名 - bǎng shàng wú míng反义词:名列前茅 - míng liè qiánmáo;独占鳌头 - dúzhàn áotóu

16

交学费

jiāo xuéfèi [pay tuition] - to regard a loss as the necessary cost for learning a lesson (惯用语: 动)例句:别灰心,这次就算交学费了。下次,我们重新再来。

17

kòng [Controlled by 'X'] - buff, enthusiast, devotee, -phile or -philia (流行语: 后缀)搭配:星座控,微博控,零食控,收藏控

18

生长

shēngzhǎng - to grow; to grow up, to be brought up (动)搭配:生长规律,生长环境,生长速度

19

声调

shēngdiào - tone, note; [Phonetics] the tone of Chinese characters (名)搭配:四个声调,汉语的声调,标出声调,变了声调

20

绳子

shéngzi - cord, rope, string (名)搭配:一条绳子,粗绳子,用绳子绑起来

21

省略

shěnglüè - to leave out, to omit [on purpose]; [Grammar] be understood (动)搭配:省略主语,省略宾语,省略过程

22

胜利

shènglì - victory, triumph; successful, triumphant (动)搭配:取得胜利,胜利归来,胜利微笑

23

失眠

shīmián - to suffer from insomnia (动)搭配:总是失眠,失眠多梦,长期失眠

24

失去

shīqù - to lose (动)搭配:失去梦想,失去机会,失去勇气,失去信心,失去知觉

25

失业

shīyè - to lose one's job, to be out of work, to be unemployed (动)搭配:失业在家,失业率,失业青年

26

shī - poetry, verse, poem (名)搭配:一首诗,唐诗宋词,写诗,作诗,读诗,背诗

27

狮子

shīzi - lion (名)搭配:一头狮子,母狮子,大狮子

28

湿润

shīrùn - moist, damp (形)搭配:眼睛湿润,湿润的空气

29

石头

shítou - rock, stone (名)搭配:一块石头,一堆石头,大石头,扔石头

30

时差

shíchā - differences of local time between places belonging to different time zones; [Astronomy] equation of time (名)搭配:时差表,存在时差,国际时差,倒时差

31

时代

shídài - times, age, era, epoch; the times, our age, the day, the present era; a period in one's life (名)搭配:儿童时代,青年时代,时代特征,时代周刊

32

时刻

shíkè - a point of time, hour, moment; constantly, always (名;副)搭配:关键时刻;时时刻刻,时刻准备着,时刻注意

33

时髦

shímáo - fashionable, stylish, in vogue, trendy, modern (形)搭配:非常时髦,穿着时髦,赶时髦,时髦的服装

34

目空一切

mù kōng yíqiè - consider everybody and everything beneath one's notice; be supercilious; arrogant (成语: 形)同义词:目中无人 - mù zhōng wú rén; 夜郎自大 - Yèláng zìdà反义词:自惭形秽 - zìcán xínghuì

35

扣帽子

kòu màozi [put a hat on sb.] - to label unjustly; to put a [political] label on sb. (惯用语: 动)例句:别这么扣帽子,好不好。

36

口水战

kǒushuǐzhàn [Saliva battle] - Previously used to describe academic disputes between scholars, the term became very popular at major bulletin board systems on the Internet, especially on university BBS (流行语: 动)

37

时期

shíqī - a particular period, phase, or time (名)搭配:特殊时期,备考时期,住院时期

38

时尚

shíshàng - fashion, fad, vogue; fashionable, in vogue (名;形)搭配:穿着时尚,很时尚,时尚品牌;追求时尚,时尚界,时尚主义

39

实话

shíhuà - truth (名)搭配:说实话,讲实话,实话实说,实话告诉你

40

实践

shíjiàn - to practice; to put into practice, to carry out, to live up to (动)搭配:注重实践,实践证明,实践活动,生产实践,教育实践,社会实践

41

实习

shíxí - [of students or trainees] to practice [what has been learnt in class]; to exercise one's skill in; to do fieldwork (动)搭配:实习期间,在 。。。实习,实习报告,实习生

42

实现

shíxiàn - to realize, to fulfill, to carry out, to bring about (动)搭配:实现理想,实现目标

43

实行

shíxíng - to put into practice [or effect], to carry out, to practice, to implement (动)搭配:实行计划,实行政策

44

实验

shíyàn - experiment, test (名)搭配:做实验,实验室,实验材料,物理实验,化学实验

45

实用

shíyòng - practical, pragmatic, functional (形)搭配:很实用,实用技能,实用价值

46

食物

shíwù - food, eatables, edibles (名)搭配:美味的食物,食物中毒,寻找食物,高热量的食物

47

使劲儿

shǐjìnr - to exert all one's strength (动)搭配:使劲儿吃,使劲儿推,使劲儿拉,一起使劲儿

48

始终

shǐzhōng - from beginning to end, from start to finish, all along, throughout (副)搭配:始终坚持,始终没来

49

士兵

shìbīng - rank-and-file soldiers, privates (名)搭配:一个士兵,勇敢的士兵,普通士兵

50

市场

shìchǎng - market; marketplace, market, bazaar (名)搭配:市场调查,商品市场,菜市场,国际市场

51

似的

shìde - [used after a noun, pronoun, or verb to indicate similarity] (助)搭配:像 。。。似的,跟 。。。似的,如同 。。。似的

52

事实

shìshí - fact (名)搭配:事实上,事实证明,大量的事实,与事实不符

53

事务

shìwù - general affairs; [political, economic, etc] affairs; work, routine; transaction [as in a computer database] (名)搭配:相关事务,具体事务,新生事物,抽象的事物,事物的本质

54

抛砖引玉

pāozhuān yǐnyù - to offer a few commonplace remarks by way of introduction so that others may come up with valuable opinions (成语: 动)例句:我的点子只是抛砖引玉,希望大家踊跃提出更好的看法。

55

烂摊子

làntānzi [a broken-down stall] - in shambles, an awful mess, business that is very difficult to straighten up (惯用语: 名)

56

雷人

léirén [Lei Ren] - [Internet slang] shocking, appalling, terrifying, terrific (流行语: 形)

57

事先

shìxiān - in advance, beforehand, prior to (名)搭配:事先商量,事先通知,事先了解

58

试卷

shìjuàn - examination paper, test paper (名)搭配:一张试卷,空白试卷,发试卷,改试卷,交试卷

59

是否

shìfǒu - whether or not, whether, if (副)搭配:是否合适,是否应该

60

收获

shōuhuò - to gather [or bring] in the crops, to harvest, to reap; results, gains (动;名)搭配:收获粮食,收获苹果,收获农作物;学习的收获,收获很大

61

收据

shōujù - receipt (名) M: zhāng [张]搭配:一张收据,一份收据,开收据,收据证明,捐款收据

62

手工

shǒugōng - handwork; by hand, manual; [Informal] to charge for a piece of handwork (名;动)搭配:手工制品,手工业,手工课,手工费,做手工

63

手术

shǒushù - surgical operation (名;动)搭配:手术台,手术室,做手术,心脏手术;马上手术

64

手套

shǒutào - gloves (名)搭配:一副手套,一双手套,一只手套,织手套,戴手套,棉手套

65

手续

shǒuxù - procedures, formalities, routine (名)搭配:办手续,住院手续,出院手续,报名手续,转学手续,手续齐全

66

手指

shǒuzhǐ - finger (名)搭配:一根手指,手指头,手指很细

67

shǒu - head; chief; first [occasion, thing etc]; classifier for poems, songs, etc (名;形;量)搭配:昂首挺胸,两首歌,一首诗

68

寿命

shòumìng - life span, life, lifetime (名)搭配:寿命很长,延长寿命,使用寿命,平均寿命

69

受伤

shòushāng - to be injured, to be wounded, to sustain an injury (动)搭配:受伤了,受伤的人,受伤的狮子,受伤严重

70

书架

shūjià - bookshelf, a set of bookshelves, bookcase (名)搭配:一个书架,一排书架,书架上

71

梳子

shūzi - comb (名)搭配:一把梳子,狣木梳子,塑料梳子

72

舒适

shūshì - comfortable, cosy, snug (形)搭配:非常舒适,过得舒适,环境舒适,舒适的生活

73

输入

shūrù - to bring in, to introduce; to import; [Electricity] computer input (动)搭配:输入密码,输入指纹,输入口令,输入与输出,汉字输入法

74

[不分] 青红皂白

[bù fēn] qīng-hóng-zào-bái - to make no distinction between right and wrong; indiscriminately (成语: 副)例句:做人要讲道理,不要不分青红皂白地冤枉人。

75

老掉牙

lǎodiàoyá [a very old person whose teeth start falling out] - sth. obsolete or out of date (惯用语: 形)例句:没什么,都是些老掉牙的歌了。

76

驴友

lǘyǒu [Donkey friend] - people who like traveling and often travel in groups; backpacker; travel buddy (流行语: 名)

77

蔬菜

shūcài - vegetables (名)搭配:蔬菜水果,蔬菜沙拉,新鲜的蔬菜

78

熟练

shúliàn - skilled, practised, proficient (形)搭配:熟练的技术,动作熟练,熟练掌握

79

属于

shǔyú - belong to, be part of (动)例句 #1:老虎属于猫科动物。例句 #2:这些资料是属于大家的,不是你个人的。

80

鼠标

shǔbiāo - [Computing] mouse (名)搭配:一只鼠标,无线鼠标,光电鼠标,鼠标垫

81

shù - number, figure; [Mathematics] number; [Grammar] number; several, a few; fate, destiny (名)搭配:人数,次数,少数,多数

82

数据

shùjù - data, record (名)搭配:整理数据,统计数据,数据库,数据线

83

数码

shùmǎ - numeral; number, amount (名)搭配:数码相机,数码产品

84

摔倒

shuāidǎo - to fall down; to slip and fall; a throw [in wrestling] (动;名)搭配:不小心摔倒,摔倒在地

85

shuǎi - to move backward and forward, to swing; to throw, to fling, to toss; to leave sb. behind, to throw off (动)搭配:甩货,甩卖,甩手不干,甩了思想包袱

86

双方

shuāngfāng - both sides; the two parties (名)搭配:比赛双方,男女双方,夫妻双方,双方和解,双方的意见

87

shuì - tax, duty (名)搭配:交税,纳税,营业税,税金,个人所得税

88

说不定

shuōbudìng - cannot say for sure; perhaps, maybe (动;副)例句 #1: 这件事到底能不能成,现在还说不定。例句 #2: 你在不出发,说不定就晚了。

89

说服

shuōfú - to persuade, to convince, to prevail on, to talk sb. over (动)搭配:用 。。。说服 。。。,说服某人做某事

90

丝绸

sīchóu - silk cloth, silk (名)搭配:丝绸之路,上等丝绸,丝绸制品

91

丝毫

sīháo - [usu. used in the negative] the slightest amount or degree, a bit, a particle, a shred, an iota (形)搭配:丝毫没感觉,丝毫不差,丝毫也不 。。。

92

私人

sīrén - private, personal; one's own man (形;名)搭配:私人企业,私人教练,私人医生,私人游泳池,私人收藏

93

情同手足

qíng tóng shǒuzú - to love one another as brothers (成语: 动)

94

林子大了,什么鸟都有

línzi dà le,shénme niǎo dōu yǒu [all kinds of birds can be found in a big forest] - It takes all sorts to make a world (惯用语: 句子)

95

马甲

mǎjiǎ [Vest] - Refers to a net user who registers an ID to avoid being identified by others (流行语: 名)

96

思考

sīkǎo - to think deeply, to ponder over, to reflect on (动)搭配:思考问题,认真思考,再三思考,独立思考

97

思想

sīxiǎng - thought, thinking, idea, ideology (名)搭配:思想家,思想问题,先进思想,解放思想

98

sī - to tear, to rip (动)搭配:撕碎,撕扯,撕烂,撕书,撕纸

99

寺庙

sìmiào - temple, monastery, shrine (名)搭配:一座寺庙

100

似乎

sìhū - as if, seemingly (副)例句 #1:他似乎发现了我们的行动,我们要小心点儿。例句 #2:她似乎已经猜到这个谜语的答案了。