HSK5_4 Flashcards Preview

中文:新HSK5/6词汇 (高级) > HSK5_4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in HSK5_4 Deck (100):
1

方案

fāng'àn - scheme, plan, program (名)搭配:改革方案,设计方案,提出方案,发展方案,开发方案,采用新方案

2

方式

fāngshì - way, fashion, pattern (名)搭配:生活方式,工作方式,学习方式,传统方式

3

妨碍

fáng'ài - to hinder, to hamper, to impede, to obstruct (动)搭配:妨碍发展,妨碍进步,妨碍工作,妨碍别人

4

房东

fángdōng - the owner and lessor of a house or room, landlord or landlady (名)搭配:新房东

5

仿佛

fǎngfú - seemingly, as if; be more or less the same, be alike; to seem (副;动)搭配:仿佛认识,仿佛听过,仿佛不知道;和以前相仿佛

6

放松

fàngsōng - to relax, to slacken, to loosen (动)搭配:放松绳子;放松心情

7

fēi - not, non-, un-, in-; have got to, simply must (前缀;副)搭配:非卖品,非金属;非去不可

8

肥皂

féizào - soap (名)搭配:一块肥皂,买肥皂,用肥皂,生产肥皂

9

fèi - lung (名)搭配:肺部

10

废话

fèihuà - superfluous words, nonsense, rubbish, bullshit (名)搭配:一大堆废话,说废话;别废话

11

费用

fèiyong - cost, expenses (名)搭配:生活费用,支付费用

12

分别

fēnbié - to part, to leave each other; to distinguish, to differentiate (动); difference (名); in different ways, differently (副); separately, individually, respectively (副)搭配:分别三年,分别好坏;分别处理,分别对待,分别到达;没有分别

13

分布

fēnbù - to be distributed [over an area], to be dispersed, to be scattered (动)搭配:人口分布,植物分布,分布地区

14

分配

fēnpèi - to distribute, to allot; to assign, to dispose; Economics: distribution (动;名)搭配:分配房间,分配工作,分配任务,分配时间

15

分手

fēnshǒu - to part company, to say good-bye; to break up (动)搭配:决定分手,分手之后

16

分析

fēnxī - to analyse (动)搭配:分析问题,分析情况,分析形势,分析现象,化学分析

17

纷纷

fēnfēn - numerous and confused; one after another, in succession (形;副)搭配:议论纷纷;纷纷报名,纷纷参加

18

奋斗

fèndòu - to struggle, to fight, to strive (动)搭配:努力奋斗,为理想奋斗

19

愤怒

fènnù - indignation, anger, wrath (名)搭配:感到愤怒

20

风格

fēnggé - style, manner, mode (名)搭配:建筑风格,服装风格,小说的风格,艺术风格,民族风格,独特的风格

21

风景

fēngjǐng - scenery, landscape (名)搭配:文化风景,风景优美,黄山风景区

22

风俗

fēngsú - custom (名)搭配:风俗习惯,社会风俗,独特的风俗,有趣的风俗,传统风俗

23

风险

fēngxiǎn - risk, hazard, danger (名)搭配:存在风险,承担风险,降低风险,冒风险,高风险

24

疯狂

fēngkuáng - insane, mad (形)搭配:疯狂的行为,疯狂的表演,疯狂的球迷,疯狂的罪犯,疯狂开车

25

讽刺

fěngcì - to satirize; to ridicule, to taunt, to mock (动)搭配:巧妙地讽刺,激烈地讽刺,讽刺社会现象

26

否定

fǒudìng - to negate, to deny; negative; Philosophy: negation (动;名)搭配:否定事实,否定这种说法,否定他的主张;否定的态度,否定的意见

27

否认

fǒurèn - to declare to be untrue, to deny, to repudiate (动)
搭配:否认事实,否认说法,否认消息

28

fú - to support with the hand, to place a hand on sb. or sth. for support; to help sb. up, to straighten sth. up; to help, to assist, to support (动)搭配:扶着老人,扶着病人,扶着墙,扶起孩子,救死扶伤 {成语}

29

服从

fúcóng - to obey, to submit [oneself] to, to be subordinated to (动)搭配:服从命令,绝对服从

30

服装

fúzhuāng - dress, clothing, costume (名)搭配:民族服装,时尚的服装,统一的服装,设计服装

31

fú - measure word for paintings, cloth, etc. (量)搭配:一幅画,两幅布

32

辅导

fǔdǎo - to give guidance in study or training; to coach; to tutor (动)搭配:辅导学生,辅导孩子学习,心理辅导

33

付款

fùkuǎn - to pay a sum of money (动)搭配:现金付款,付款方式

34

妇女

fùnǚ - woman (名)搭配:劳动妇女,家庭妇女,保护妇女,尊重妇女,妇女组织

35

复制

fùzhì - to duplicate, to reproduce, to make a copy of (动)搭配:复制软件,复制材料,复制文件,复制品

36

改革

gǎigé - to reform (动); reform (名) M: cì [次] / zhǒng [种] / xiàng [项]搭配:改革制度,经济改革,教育改革,实行改革

37

改进

gǎijìn - to improve, to make better (动)搭配:改进方法,改进技术,改进设计,改进方案,改进工作

38

改善

gǎishàn - to improve, to ameliorate, to perfect, to make better (动)搭配:改善生活,改善条件,改善环境

39

改正

gǎizhèng - to correct, to amend, to put right (动)搭配:改正缺点,改正错误,改正错字

40

gài - lid, top, cover, canopy, shield; to cover, to conceal; to build, to construct (名;动)搭配:瓶盖儿,杯盖儿;盖被子,盖房子

41

概括

gàikuò - to summarize, to generalize, to epitomize; brief and to the point (动;形)搭配:概括意思,概括规律,概括内容;概括地介绍

42

概念

gàiniàn - concept, conception, notion, idea (名)搭配:基本概念,抽象概念,法律概念,科学概念,新概念

43

干脆

gāncuì - clear-cut, straightforward; simply, just, altogether (形;副)搭配:说话干脆,做事干脆,干脆的回答;干脆放弃,干脆退货

44

干燥

gānzào - dry, arid; dull, uninteresting (形)搭配:天气干燥,皮肤干燥

45

赶紧

gǎnjǐn - hastily, without losing time (副)搭配:赶紧离开,赶紧回来,赶紧解决

46

赶快

gǎnkuài - at once, quickly (副)搭配:赶快回来,赶快吃饭,赶快去医院

47

感激

gǎnjī - to feel grateful, to be thankful, to feel indebted (动)搭配:很感激,感激他,充满感激,感激不尽 {成语}

48

感受

gǎnshòu - to be affected by, experience, feeling; experience, feel (动;名)搭配:感受温暖,感受热情,感受关心,感受变化;内心的感受,感受很深

49

感想

gǎnxiǎng - impressions, reflections, thoughts (名)搭配:谈感想,发表感想

50

干活儿

gànhuór - to work, to do manual labor (动)搭配:给老板干活儿,在工厂干活儿,帮妈妈干活儿

51

钢铁

gāngtiě - iron and steel, steel; strong, firm, staunch (名;形)搭配:生产钢铁,钢铁工业,钢铁产量;钢铁的纪律,钢铁战士,钢铁长城

52

高档

gāodàng - high [or top] grade; be of superior quality (形)搭配:高档服装,高档家具,高档汽车,高档酒店,高档品

53

高级

gāojí - senior, high-ranking, high-level, high; high-grade, high-quality, advanced (形)搭配:高级汽车,高级商品,越来越高级

54

高速公路

gāosù gōnglù - expressway, freeway (名)搭配:修建高速公路

55

gǎo - to do, to carry on, to be engaged in; to make, to produce, to work out; to set up, to start, to organize (动)搭配:搞研究,搞建设,搞教育,搞艺术,搞错了

56

告别

gàobié - to leave, to part from; to bid farewell to, to say good-bye to (动)搭配:告别朋友,告别家乡,和家人告别,告别过去的生活,告别落后

57

胳膊

gēbo - arm (名)搭配:一只胳膊

58

鸽子

gēzi - pigeon; dove (名) M: zhī [只] / tiáo [条] / shuāng [双]搭配:一只鸽子,鸽子笼

59

革命

gémìng - to cause great social change, to rise in revolt, to take part in revolution; revolution (动;名)搭配:一场革命,信息革命

60

格外

géwài - especially, particularly, all the more; additionally (副)搭配:格外美丽,格外小心,格外重视,格外注意

61

隔壁

gébì – next door; neighbor搭配:住在他的隔壁,隔壁邻居,隔壁房间,隔壁人家

62

个别

gèbié - individual, specific; very few, one or two (形)搭配:个别辅导,个别处理,个别谈话,个别情况,个别现象,个别地区,个别人

63

个人

gèrén - individual [person] (名)搭配:个人习惯,个人特点,个人风格,个人的经历,个人利益,个人行为

64

个性

gèxìng - individual character, individuality, personality (名)搭配:个性很强,个性突出,形成个性,保持个性,富有个性,体现个性,追求个性

65

各自

gèzì - each, respective, by oneself (代)搭配:各自安排,各自解决,各自旅行,各自负责

66

gēn - root [of a plant]; root, basis, the bottom of things; classifier for long slender objects, e.g. cigarettes, guitar strings (名;量) M: tiáo [条]搭配:树根,牙根,耳根,病根;两根筷子

67

根本

gēnběn - foundation, base (名); basic, fundamental, essential, cardinal (形); [usu. used in the negative] at all, simply (副); radically, thoroughly (副)搭配:发展的根本;根本的原因,根本问题;根本不同意,根本解决

68

更加

gèngjiā - more, still more, even more (副)搭配:更加努力,更加熟悉

69

工厂

gōngchǎng - factory, mill, plant, works (名)搭配:一家工厂,建立工厂,开办工厂,关闭工厂,工厂倒闭

70

工程师

gōngchéngshī - engineer (名)搭配:电脑工程师,软件工程师,建筑工程师,高级工程师,当工程师,担任工程师

71

工具

gōngjù - tool, instrument; implement, means (名)搭配:工具包,交通工具

72

工人

gōngrén - worker, workman (名)搭配:招聘工人,退休工人,普通工人,建筑工人,技术工人,当工人

73

工业

gōngyè - industry (名)搭配:轻工业,重工业,汽车工业,食品工业,工业污染,工业化,工业发达

74

公布

gōngbù - to promulgate, to announce, to publish, to make public (动)搭配:公布法律,公布政策,公布结果,公布消息,公布数据

75

公开

gōngkāi - open, overt, public; to make public, to make known to the public (形;动)搭配:公开谈论,公开发表看法,公开调查;公开秘密,公开关系

76

公平

gōngpíng - fair, just, impartial, equitable (形)搭配:公平的比赛,公平竞争,公平的办法,公平对待,公平处理

77

公寓

gōngyù - apartment building, block of flats (名) M: tào [套]搭配:一套公寓,租公寓,买公寓,住公寓,学生公寓,老年公寓

78

公元

gōngyuán - CE [Common Era]; Christian Era; AD [Anno Domini] (名)搭配:公元前200年,公元2000年

79

公主

gōngzhǔ - princess (名)搭配:公主和王子,白雪公主,人鱼公主,保护公主

80

功夫

gōngfu - kung fu; [Variant of 工夫] time; [Dialect] at that time; workmanship, skill, art; effort, work (名)搭配:功夫深,中国功夫

81

功能

gōngnéng - function (名)搭配:常用功能,特殊功能,消化功能,功能强大,功能完善

82

恭喜

gōngxǐ - to congratulate [politely]; to wish one joy respectfully (动)搭配:恭喜你,恭喜发财

83

贡献

gòngxiàn - to contribute, to dedicate, to devote; contribution, dedication, devotion (动;名)搭配:贡献力量,贡献生命,贡献一切;重要的贡献,巨大的贡献,为国家做贡献

84

沟通

gōutōng - to link up, to connect, to communicate (动)搭配:沟通中西文化,沟通贸易,沟通思想,保持沟通,加强沟通,进行沟通

85

构成

gòuchéng - to constitute, to consist of, to form, to compose, to make up; constitution, composition (动;名)搭配:构成系统,构成犯罪,构成威胁,由 。。。构成;人员构成,部门构成

86

姑姑

gūgu - [formal] father's sister, aunt (名)搭配:亲姑姑,表姑姑,堂姑姑,当姑姑了

87

姑娘

gūniang - girl; [Informal] daughter (名)搭配:年轻姑娘,漂亮姑娘,小姑娘,大姑娘,上海姑娘

88

古代

gǔdài - the period in Chinese history from remote antiquity down until the mid-19th century; the age of slave society, ancient times, antiquity (名)搭配:古代文明,古代建筑,古代艺术,古代中国,古代社会

89

古典

gǔdiǎn - classical (形)搭配:古典文学,古典小说,古典艺术,古典音乐,古典建筑,古典园林,古典风格

90

古老

gǔlǎo - ancient, age-old (名)搭配:古老的传说

91

股票

gǔpiào - share certificate, share, stock (名)搭配:买卖股票,投资股票,炒股票,特有股票,股票市场

92

骨头

gǔtou - bone M: gēn [根] / kuài [块]; [fig.] moral character (名)搭配:一块骨头,骨头断了,骨头疼,懒骨头,硬骨头,挑骨头

93

鼓舞

gǔwǔ - to inspire, to encourage, to hearten, to stimulate; inspiring, stimulating (动;形)搭配:鼓舞人心,鼓舞人民;令人鼓舞

94

鼓掌

gǔzhǎng - to clap one's hands, to applaud (动)搭配:热烈鼓掌,为 。。。鼓掌

95

固定

gùdìng - fixed, regular; to fix, to regularize (形;动)搭配:固定工作,固定工资,固定地点,固定的住处;把时间固定下来

96

固体

gùtǐ - solid body, solid (名)搭配:固体状态,固体物质

97

雇佣

gùyōng - to employ, to hire (动)搭配:雇佣工人

98

挂号

guàhào - to register [at a hospital, etc.]; to send by registered mail (动)搭配:在医院挂号,挂号费,挂号信

99

guāi - [of a child] well-behaved, good; clever, shrewd, alert; [Formal] perverse, contrary to reason; [Formal] [of character, behaviour, etc.] irregular, abnormal (形)搭配:乖孩子,乖学生,学乖了

100

拐弯儿

guǎi wānr - to go round a curve; to turn a corner; [fig.] a new direction (动)搭配:在前边拐弯儿,拐了三个弯儿,禁止拐弯儿,说话不拐弯儿