HSK5_16 Flashcards Preview

中文:新HSK5/6词汇 (高级) > HSK5_16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in HSK5_16 Deck (121):
1

zhèng - straight, upright; [of color, flavour, etc.] pure, right; just, right, precisely, exactly (形;副)搭配:正南,正前方,味道不正,颜色不正;正好,正是

2

证件

zhèngjiàn - credentials, papers, certificate (名)搭配:出示证件,检查证件,收回证件

3

证据

zhèngjù - evidence, proof, testimony (名)搭配:寻找证据,缺乏证据,证据不足

4

政策

zhèngcè - policy (名)搭配:一项政策,制定政策

5

政府

zhèngfǔ - government (名)搭配:人民政府,各国政府,政府领导,政府工作报告

6

政治

zhèngzhì - politics, political affairs (名)搭配:政治家,政治课,政治活动,政治学习,关心政治

7

zhèng - to struggle to get free, to try to throw off; to earn, to make (动)搭配:挣开,挣钱

8

zhī - to prop up, to put up, to protrude, to raise, to support, to sustain, to bear, to send away, to put sb. off; [measure word] for long, thin and inflexible objects (动;量)搭配:支着脑袋;一支铅笔,两支香烟

9

支票

zhīpiào - check (名)搭配:一张支票,开支票,旅行支票,空头支票

10

执行

zhíxíng - to carry out, to execute, to implement (动)搭配:执行合同,执行命令

11

执照

zhízhào - license, permit (名)搭配:办执照,营业执照,驾驶执照

12

以身作则

yǐ shēn zuò zé - to set an example for others to follow; to set a good example with one's own conduct (成语: 动)

13

一刀切

yìdāoqiē [cut it even in one stroke] - [fig.] find a single solution for all problems without considering the different situations; [lit.] to cut all at one stroke (惯用语: 动;形)

14

抓狂

zhuākuáng [Itching mad] - on the brink of madness with pent-up rage; to be driven mad (流行语: 形)

15

zhí - straight, erect, vertical; straighten, stretch; frankly, always (形;动;副)搭配:直线,很直,正直;直起腰来;直哭,直笑

16

指导

zhǐdǎo - to guide, to direct (动)搭配:指导学生,指导我们,指导工作

17

指挥

zhǐhuī - to conduct, to command, to direct; commander, director, conductor (动;名)搭配:指挥交通,指挥作战;音乐指挥

18

至今

zhìjīn - up to now, to this day, so far (副)搭配:保存至今,至今为止,至今难忘

19

至于

zhìyú - to go so far as to; as for, as to (动;介)搭配:不至于;至于 。。。

20

志愿者

zhìyuànzhě - volunteer (名)搭配:一名志愿者,选拔志愿者,当志愿者

21

制定

zhìdìng - to lay down, to draw up, to formulate, to draft (动)搭配:制定规章制度,制定法律,制定政策

22

制度

zhìdù - system, institution (名)搭配:社会制度,招生制度,遵守制度

23

制造

zhìzào - to manufacture, to make (动)搭配:中国制造,制造飞机,制造摩擦,制造紧张的气氛

24

制作

zhìzuò - to manufacture, to make (动)搭配:制作过程,制作时间,制作家具,制作广告

25

治疗

zhìliáo - to treat, to cure (动)搭配:长期治疗,简单治疗,住院治疗

26

秩序

zhìxù - order, sequence (名)搭配:遵守秩序,社会秩序,秩序正常,维持秩序

27

智慧

zhìhuì - wisdom, intelligence (名)搭配:有智慧,充满智慧,增长智慧

28

中介

zhōngjiè - intermediary, medium (名)搭配:中介公司,市场中介,房地产中介

29

中心

zhōngxīn - centre, heart, core, hub (名)搭配:广场的中心,文化中心,维修中心,活动中心,中心思想,中心问题

30

中旬

zhōngxún - the middle ten days of a month (名)搭配:上个月中旬,下个月中旬

31

饮水思源

yǐn shuǐ sī yuán - [fig.] to refer to people who are grateful to others who have helped them to succeed; [lit.] when you drink water, think of its source (成语: 动;形)反义词:恩将仇报 - ēn jiāng chóu bào; 忘恩负义 - wàng'ēn-fùyì

32

一锅粥

yìguōzhōu [a pot of porridge] - a complete mess (惯用语: 名)

33

zhái [Home] - usually used as an adjective, the word can also be a verb meaning "staying at home, not going outside" (流行语: 形;动)

34

zhōng - bell; clock; time as measured in hours and minutes (名)搭配:闹钟,钟表

35

种类

zhǒnglèi - kind, class, type, variety (名)搭配:种类繁多,产品的种类

36

zhòng - weight; heavy, weighty, important; considerable in amount or value; deep, heavy, serious; lay stress on, attach importance to; discreet (名;形;动)搭配:重物

37

重大

zhòngdà - great, major, significant, important (形)搭配:重大消息,重大事件,重大问题,意义重大

38

重量

zhòngliàng - weight (名)搭配:减轻重量,计算重量

39

周到

zhōudào - attentive and satisfactory, thoughtful, considerate (形)搭配:服务周到,招待周到,考虑周到

40

zhū - pig (名)搭配:一头猪,杀猪,养猪,属猪

41

竹子

zhúzi - bamboo (名)搭配:一根竹子,吃竹子,竹子制品

42

逐步

zhúbù - step by step, progressively (副)搭配:逐步减少,逐步提高,逐步加大,逐步发展

43

逐渐

zhújiàn - gradually, by degrees (副)搭配:逐渐形成,逐渐减少,逐渐增加

44

主持

zhǔchí - to take charge [or care] of, to manage, to direct, to preside over, to chair, to uphold, to stand for (动)搭配:主持人,主持节目,主持会议,主持婚礼,主持正义

45

主动

zhǔdòng - to take the initiative, to do sth. of one's own accord (副)搭配:主动提问,主动提出,主动离开

46

主观

zhǔguān - subjective (形)搭配:主观愿望,主观能动性,主观与客观

47

主人

zhǔrén - owner, possessor, host, chairman (名)搭配:男主人,女主人,国家的主人

48

主任

zhǔrèn - director, head, chairman (名)搭配:刘主任,办公室主任,车间主任

49

主题

zhǔtí - theme, subject, topical subject (名)搭配:主题歌,重要主题,会议的主题,讨论的主题

50

主席

zhǔxí - chairman, president (名)搭配:学生会主席,大会主席,国家主席,工会主席

51

主张

zhǔzhāng - to advocate, to stand for, to maintain, to hold; view, position, stand, proposition (动;名)搭配:自作主张;一种主张,新主张

52

再接再厉

zàijiē zàilì - to refer to people who never say die, they always persevere with a task even though they may have failed several times already (成语: 动)同义词:不屈不挠 - bùqū bùnáo; 勇往直前 - yǒng wǎng zhí qián反义词:得过且过 - dé guò qiě guò; 每况愈下 - měi kuàng yù xià

53

一窝蜂

yìwōfēng [like a swarm of bees] - a crowd of people act in the same way at the same time; everyone swarms around pushing and shouting (惯用语: 形)

54

威武

wēiwǔ [Powerful] - "powerful or mighty in a sweeping manner" with a humorous tone; V5 [as written in the Internet] (流行语: 形)

55

zhǔ - to boil, to cook, to stew (动)搭配:煮熟,煮饭,煮肉,煮鸡蛋

56

嘱咐

zhǔfu - to urge, to enjoin, to tell, to exhort (动)搭配:再三嘱咐

57

注册

zhùcè - to register (动)搭配:注册结婚,注册公司,注册会计师,登记注册

58

祝福

zhùfú - blessing; to bless, to wish happiness to (名;动)搭配:祝福你,祝福大家,接受祝福

59

zhuā - to grab, to seize, to clutch; to scratch; to arrest, to catch; to stress, to pay special attention to; to take charge of, to be responsible for (动)搭配:抓住,抓起来,抓小偷,抓重点,抓机会,抓痒

60

抓紧

zhuājǐn - to firmly grasp, to pay close attention to (动)搭配:抓紧时间,抓紧学习,抓紧机会

61

专家

zhuānjiā - expert, specialist, professional (名)搭配:一位专家,专家学者,成为专家

62

专心

zhuānxīn - to concentrate one's attention; be absorbed (动;形)搭配:专心工作,专心研究,专心听课

63

转变

zhuǎnbiàn - to change, to convert, to transform, to turn (动)搭配:转变思想,转变态度,转变方向,发生转变

64

转告

zhuǎngào - to pass on [word] for, to communicate, to transmit (动)搭配:转告你,转告他人,转告大家

65

zhuāng - to load, to pack, to hold; to install, to fit, to assemble; to dress up, to attire, to deck, to play the part [or role] of, to act; to pretend, to feign, to make believe; stage makeup and costume (动;名)搭配:装东西,装电脑,装电话,装病

66

装饰

zhuāngshì - to decorate; decoration, decorative, ornamental (动;名)搭配:装饰品,装饰会场,装饰新房;各种装饰

67

装修

zhuāngxiū - to decorate, to fit up, to renovate [a house, etc.] (动)搭配:装修房子,内部装修,装修风格

68

状况

zhuàngkuàng - condition, state, state of affairs (名)搭配:健康状况,经济状况,身体状况

69

状态

zhuàngtài - state, condition, state of affairs (名)搭配:心理状态,状态良好,战争状态

70

zhuàng - to bump against, to run into, to strike, to collide; to meet by chance, to bump into (动)搭配:撞车,撞人,被撞伤了

71

zhuī - to chase after, to seek, to catch up with, to recall (动)搭配:追赶,追上去,追时髦儿,追女孩儿,追问

72

执迷不悟

zhí mí bù wù - to obstinately persist in going about things the wrong way (成语: 动)同义词:顽固不化 - wángù bù huà反义词:迷途知返 - mítú zhī fǎn; 回头是岸 - huítóu shì àn; 悬崖勒马 - xuányá lè mǎ

73

有眼不识泰山

yǒu yǎn bù shí Tàishān [have eyes but fail to see Mount Tai] - [fig.] to fail to recognize sb important or sb's great talent (惯用语: 形;动)例句:王总,您好,我真是有眼不识泰山。刚才还跟您大谈经济!

74

niú [Ox] - strong, powerful, great, brilliant (流行语: 形)例句:牛,太牛了!

75

追求

zhuīqiú - to seek, to pursue; to court [a woman], to woo (动)搭配:追求进步,追求真理,追求名利,追求理想

76

咨询

zīxún - to seek advice from, to consult, to hold counsel with (动)搭配:法律咨询,咨询一下,咨询服务

77

姿势

zīshì - posture, gesture (名)搭配:保持这个姿势,优美的姿势,做出 。。。姿势

78

资格

zīgé - qualifications; seniority (名)搭配:取消资格,没有资格,教师资格证书

79

资金

zījīn - fund, capital (名)搭配:一笔资金,注册资金,流动资金,资金有限

80

资料

zīliào - data, information, material, resources; [Internet] profile (名)搭配:一份资料,收集资料,统计资料,生产资料

81

资源

zīyuán - natural resources, resources (名)搭配:自然资源,旅游资源,人力资源,资源丰富

82

zǐ - purple; violet (形)搭配:紫色;青一块,紫一块

83

自从

zìcóng - since [a time] ever since [a time], from (介)搭配:自从 。。。以来,自从 。。。之后

84

自动

zìdòng - voluntarily, of one's own accord; automatic (副;形)搭配:自动参加,自动帮忙,自动控制;自动铅笔,自动装置

85

自豪

zìháo - have a proper sense of pride or dignity; be proud of sth. (形)搭配:很自豪,感到自豪

86

自觉

zìjué - [usu. used in the negative] be conscious, aware of, on one's own initiative, conscious ( 形)搭配:不自觉,自觉学习,自觉排队,自觉遵守

87

自私

zìsī - selfish, self-centered (形)搭配:自私自利 [zìsī zìlì - selfish {成语}],非常自私,自私的做法

88

自信

zìxìn - to have confidence in oneself (动;形)搭配:非常自信,自信心 [名 - self-confident]

89

自由

zìyóu - freedom; free, liberty (名/ 形)搭配:人身自由;自由参加,自由平等,自由发言

90

自愿

zìyuàn - voluntary, of one's own accord, of one's own free will (副)搭配:自愿放弃,自愿参加,双方自愿

91

字母

zìmǔ - letters of an alphabet, letter (名)搭配:英文字母,希腊字母,大写字母,小写字母

92

志同道合

zhìtóng dàohé - to cherish the same ideals and follow the same path; to have a common goal; like-minded (成语: 动;形)同义词:同舟共济 - tóng zhōu gòng jì; 情投意合 - qíngtóu yìhé反义词:不相为谋 - bù xiāng wéi móu;同床异梦 - tóngchuáng yìmèng

93

走过场

zǒu guòchǎng [performer going from one end of the stage to the other as a formality] - to go through the motions; to do sth. perfunctorily or superficially (惯用语: 动)

94

来电

láidiàn [Electricity comes] - to have instant attraction to sb; to have chemistry with sb (流行语: 动)例句:别瞎说,我跟他不来电。

95

字幕

zìmù - subtitles (名)搭配:看字幕,编辑字幕,制作字幕,滚动字幕,电影字幕

96

宗教

zōngjiào - religion (名)搭配:宗教信仰

97

综合

zōnghé - to synthesize, to sum up, to integrate; synthetical, comprehensive, multiple, composite (动)搭配:综合艺术,综合研究,综合利用

98

总裁

zǒngcái - president, chairman, general director (名)搭配:公司总裁,总裁助理,总裁秘书

99

总共

zǒnggòng - in all, altogether, in the aggregate (副)搭配:总共有多少,总共多少斤

100

总理

zǒnglǐ - premier, prime minister (名)搭配:一位总理,副总理,国家总理

101

总算

zǒngsuàn - at long last, finally; considering everything, all things considered, on the whole (副)搭配:总算来了,总算答应了

102

总统

zǒngtǒng - president (名)搭配:一位总统,选举总统,总统竞选

103

总之

zǒngzhī - in a word, in short, in brief, all in all; anyway, anyhow (连)例句:你信也好,不信也好,总之,我不再解释了。例句:确切地址我记不清了, 总之是在颐和园附近。

104

阻止

zǔzhǐ - to stop, to prevent, to hold back, to restrain (动)搭配:阻止不了,无法阻止,阻止发言

105

zǔ - organize, form; to group; [Measure Word] set, series, suite, battery (名;动;量)搭配:小组;组建;一组舞曲

106

组成

zǔchéng - to form, to make up, to compose (动)搭配:由 。。。组成,组成部分

107

祖国

zǔguó - one's country, homeland, native land, motherland, fatherland (名)搭配:祖国母亲,伟大的祖国

108

祖先

zǔxiān - ancestry, ancestors, forbears, forefather (名)搭配:人类的祖先

109

组合

zǔhé - to make up, to compose, to constitute; association, combination; [Mathematics] composition (动;名)搭配: 组合而成,组合在一起;明星组合

110

组织

zǔzhī - to organize, to form; organization, organized system; [Textile] weave; [Physiology] tissue, nerve (动;名)搭配:组织班级活动,组织起来;一个组织,参加 。。。组织

111

最初

zuìchū - prime, initial, first (名)搭配:最初的打算,最初的梦想,最初的计划

112

罪犯

zuìfàn - criminal, offender, culprit (名)搭配:逮捕罪犯

113

zuì - to be drunk, to be intoxicated (动)搭配:喝醉,醉汉,醉酒,醉话

114

尊敬

zūnjìng - to respect, to honour, to esteem; honorable, respectful (动;形)搭配:尊敬老师,受人尊敬;尊敬的女士

115

遵守

zūnshǒu - to observe, to abide by, to comply with (动)搭配:遵守时间,遵守秩序,遵守纪律

116

作品

zuòpǐn - works [of literature and art] (名)搭配:文学作品,艺术作品,发表作品

117

作为

zuòwéi - conduct, deed, action; accomplishment, achievement; scope for one's abilities or talents; to regard as, to look on as, to take as; in the capacity, character, or role of, as (名;动;介)搭配:有作为;作为 。。。的证据;作为老师,作为领导

118

作文

zuòwén - composition [student essay]; to write an essay (名;动) M: piān [篇]搭配:批作文,写作文,作文比赛

119

装聋作哑

zhuānglóng zuòyǎ - pretend to be deaf and dumb, feign ignorance (成语: 动)

120

走后门

zǒu hòumén [get in by the back door] - to resort to relations with influential persons or bribery to achieve certain purpose (惯用语: 动)

121

作秀

zuòxiù [Make a show] - to show off; to put on a show (流行语: 动)