HSK5_8 Flashcards Preview

中文:新HSK5/6词汇 (高级) > HSK5_8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in HSK5_8 Deck (100):
1

力量

lìliang - physical strength; power, force, strength; potency, efficacy, strength (名)搭配:力量对比,集中力量,贡献力量,武装力量,群众的力量

2

立方

lìfāng - [Mathematics] cube; [Measure Word] cubic meter (名;量)搭配:立方体

3

立即

lìjí - immediately, at once, promptly (副)搭配:立即开始,立即出发,立即结束

4

立刻

lìkè - immediately, at once, right away (副)搭配:立刻就走,立刻就到

5

覆水难收

fù shuǐ nán shōu - what's done is done and can't be reversed (成语)同义词:木已成舟 - mù yǐ chéng zhōu反义词:破镜重圆 - pòjìng chóng yuán

6

吃醋

chīcù [drink vinegar] - be jealous [usu. of a rival in love], eat one's heart out (惯用语: 动)

7

淡定

dàndìng [Dan Ding] - "to keep a peaceful mind" describing the ability to remain calm in situations of excitement or when faced with temptations; calm and collected; unperturbed (流行语: 名;动;形)例: 比赛中,我们要保持淡定。

8

利润

lìrùn - profit (名)搭配:平均利润,实际利润,成本和利润,产品利润,利润率

9

利息

lìxī - interest [on an investment] (名)搭配:所得利息,利息率,存款利息,贷款利息

10

利益

lìyì - interest, benefit, profit, gain (名)搭配:个人利益,国家利益,长远利益,根本利益,共同利益

11

利用

lìyòng - to use, to utilize, to make use of; to take advantage of, to exploit (动)搭配:利用业余时间,合理利用,互相利用,被人利用

12

lì - grain, granule, pellet; [Measure Word] for grainlike things (名;量)搭配:豆粒,一粒米

13

连忙

liánmáng - hastily, hurriedly, promptly (副)例句:看到总经理从车上下来,记者们连忙按动快门。

14

连续

liánxù - continuously, successively, in a row (形)搭配:连续不断,连续工作,连续加班

15

连续剧

liánxùjù - serialized drama, dramatic series, show in parts (名)搭配:电视连续剧

16

联合

liánhé - to unite, to ally; joint, combined; combination, alliance, union, coalition; symphysis [Physiology] (动;形;名)搭配:把 。。。和 。。。联合起来,联合所有人;联合声明,联合招生

17

恋爱

liàn'ài - romantic love, love affair; to be in love, to have a courtship (名;动)搭配:和 。。。谈恋爱,恋爱小说,恋爱关系,恋爱对象;自由恋爱

18

良好

liánghǎo - good, well, fine (形)搭配:表现良好,感觉良好,情况良好,良好的卫生习惯

19

粮食

liángshi - grain, cereals, food (名)搭配:粮食严重,生产粮食,粮食加工

20

liàng - bright, light; to shine; loud and clear; to make one's voice loud and clear; enlightened; to show, to reveal (动;形)搭配:天亮了,房间很亮;亮出观点

21

了不起

liǎobuqǐ - amazing, terrific, extraordinary (形)搭配:很了不起,了不起的人,了不起的发明

22

列车

lièchē - train (名)搭配:一趟列车,2185次列车

23

临时

línshí - at the time when sth. is needed or is expected to happen; temporarily, for the time being; temporary, provisional (副;形)搭配:临时有事;临时身份证,临时安排

24

灵活

línghuó - nimble, agile, quick; flexible, elastic (形)搭配:特别灵活,动作灵活,安排很灵活,灵活处理

25

líng - [small] bell (名) M: zhī [只]搭配:铃声,门铃,电话铃,下课铃

26

光明正大

guāngmíng zhèngdà - just and honourable; open and aboveboard; upright and selfless (成语: 形)同义词:堂堂正正 - táng táng zhèng zhèng;光明磊落 - guāngmíng lěiluò反义词:鬼鬼祟祟 - guǐ guǐ suì suì;偷偷摸摸 - tōu tōu mō mō

27

吃小灶

chī xiǎozào [a small canteen where best meals are prepared for special diners] - to enjoy special treatment (惯用语: 动)

28

恶搞[文化]

ègǎo[wénhuà] [E Gao] - spoof [web-based genre in PRC, acquiring cult status from 2005, involving humorous, satirical or fantastical videos, photo collections, texts, poems etc]; "malicious spoof" which means playing tricks or performing practical jokes. (流行语: 名)例:知道吗,原来网络上被恶搞的。

29

零件

língjiàn - part [of a machine]; spare parts, spares (名)搭配:一个零件,汽车零件,各种零件,机器零件

30

零食

língshí - between-meal nibbles, snacks (名)搭配:吃零食,买零食

31

领导

lǐngdǎo - to lead, to exercise leadership; leadership, leader (动;名)搭配:领导能力,新领导,当领导;领导大家

32

领域

lǐngyù - territory, domain, realm, sphere, field (名)搭配:私人领域,自然科学领域,经济领域

33

浏览

liúlǎn - to glance over, to skim through, to browse (动)搭配:浏览文章,浏览网页,浏览信息,浏览报纸

34

流传

liúchuán - to spread, to circulate, to hand down (动)搭配:流传下来,流传久远

35

流泪

liú lèi - to cry, to shed tears, to weep (动)搭配:伤心得流泪,流下一滴泪

36

lóng - dragon; the dragon as the symbol of the emperor, of the emperor; a huge extinct reptile [恐龙 kǒnglóng]; [Lóng] a surname (名)搭配:一条龙,龙车,车水马龙 [heavy traffic {成语}]

37

lòu - to leak, to drip; to divulge, to leak, to disclose; to be missing, to leave out by mistake; water clock, hourglass (动;名)搭配:漏水,漏雨,漏油,窗户漏风

38

陆地

lùdì - dry land, land, earth (名)搭配:陆地上,在陆地,陆地面积

39

陆续

lùxù - one after another, in succession (副)搭配:陆续进来,陆续出来

40

录取

lùqǚ - to enroll, to recruit, to admit (动)搭配:被 。。。录取,录取通知书,录取分数线,录取新生

41

录音

lùyīn - to tape-record [sound], to record, to tape; sound-recording (动;名)搭配:听录音,放录音;录音室,录音笔,进行录音

42

lù - dew; beverage distilled from flowers, fruit or leaves; syrup; to show, to reveal, to betray (名;动)搭配:露水,露出

43

轮流

lúnliú - to take turns, to do sth. in turn (动)搭配:轮流工作,轮流值班,轮流休息

44

论文

lùnwén - thesis, dissertation, treatise, paper (名)搭配:一篇论文,毕业论文,论文答辩,写论文

45

逻辑

luóji - logic (名)搭配:不合逻辑,逻辑学,逻辑思维,逻辑判断能力

46

害群之马

hài qún zhī mǎ - someone who brings disrepute to the whole group; the black sheep of a family (成语: 名)

47

穿小鞋

chuān xiǎoxié [give sb. tight shoes to wear] - to make life difficult for sb (惯用语: 动)例:唉,被穿小鞋了。

48

浮云

fúyún [Fu Yun] - [a well known piece of internet slang] not a big deal; lit. "floating cloud". (流行语: 名)

49

落后

luòhòu - to be behind, to fall behind, to lag behind; backward, behind the times (动;形)搭配:生产落后,经济落后,技术落后;落后于对手,落后十年

50

mà - to verbally abuse, to curse, to swear, to call names; to condemn, to rebuke, to reprove, to scold (动)搭配:骂人,打骂,被骂了一顿

51

麦克风

màikèfēng - microphone [a transliteration] (名)搭配:一只麦克风,关掉麦克风

52

馒头

mántou - steamed bun, steamed bread (名)搭配:一个馒头,热馒头,做馒头

53

满足

mǎnzú - to satisfy, to meet [needs, demands, etc.]; satisfied, content, contented (动;形)搭配:不满足,很满足,让人满足,满足 。。。的需要,满足于 。。。

54

máo - hair, feather, down, wool; classifier for Chinese fractional monetary unit [ = jiǎo {角} , = one-tenth of a yuan or 10 fen fēn {分}]; . . . (名;量)搭配:一根毛

55

毛病

máobìng - trouble, mishap, breakdown; defect, shortcoming, fault, mistake; bad habit, shortcoming; [Dialect] illness (名)搭配:小毛病,有毛病,出毛病

56

矛盾

máodùn - [Philosophy Logic] contradiction; problem, conflict, contradiction; to contradict; contradictory (名;动;形)搭配:有矛盾,基本矛盾,发生矛盾,解决矛盾;自相矛盾;心里很矛盾

57

冒险

màoxiǎn - to take a risk, to take chances (动)搭配:去冒险,不敢冒险,冒险行为

58

贸易

màoyì - trade (名)搭配:对外贸易,市场贸易,进出口贸易

59

眉毛

méimao - eyebrow (名) M: gēn [根]搭配:修眉毛,画眉毛,细长的眉毛,弯弯的眉毛

60

媒体

méitǐ - media [esp. news media] (名)搭配:媒体报道,媒体中心

61

煤炭

méitàn - coal (名)搭配:煤炭资源,生产煤炭

62

美术

měishù - the fine arts, art; painting (名)搭配:美术专业,美术用品,美术作品

63

魅力

mèilì - glamour, charm, enchantment, fascination, charisma (名)搭配:有魅力,魅力无穷

64

梦想

mèngxiǎng - vain hope, wishful thinking; to vainly hope, to dream of (名;动)搭配:最初的梦想,美好的梦想;梦想当 。。。

65

谜语

míyǔ - riddle, conundrum (名) M: tiáo [条]搭配:猜谜语

66

秘密

mìmì - secret, clandestine, confidential; sth. secret (形;名)搭配:一个秘密,小秘密,内心的秘密;秘密文件

67

花言巧语

huāyán qiǎoyǔ - sweet talk, flowery speech, elegant but insincere words (成语: 名)

68

东方不亮西方亮

dōngfāng bú liàng xīfāng liàng [When it is dark in the east, there is light in the west] - When one door shuts, another opens (惯用语: 动)

69

粉丝

fěnsī [Fans] - fan [loanword], enthusiast for sb or sth.; vermicelli made from bean starch, etc. (流行语: 名)

70

秘书

mìshū - secretary (名)搭配:招聘秘书,当秘书,担任秘书工作

71

密切

mìqiè - close, intimate; to build [or forge, establish] close links [between two parties]; careful, intent, close (形;动)搭配:联系密切,关系密切,密切注意,密切关注;密切 。。。的关系

72

蜜蜂

mìfēng - honeybee, bee (名)搭配:一只蜜蜂,观察蜜蜂,小蜜蜂

73

棉花

miánhua - cotton (名)搭配:种棉花

74

面对

miànduì - to face, to confront (动)搭配:面对危险,面对现实,面对观众,面对大海

75

面积

miànjī - area (名)搭配:面积很大,扩大面积,建筑面积,占地面积

76

面临

miànlín - to be faced with, to be confronted with, to be up against (动)搭配:面临 。。。的困难,面临 。。。的危险,面临 。。。任务

77

苗条

miáotiao - [of a woman] slender, slim (形)搭配:身材苗条,苗条的人

78

描写

miáoxiě - to describe, to depict, to portray, to represent (动)搭配:景物描写,描写得非常生动;描写内心活动

79

miǎo - second [of time] (量)搭配:一秒钟

80

民主

mínzhǔ - democracy, democratic rights; democratic (名;形)搭配:民主思想,民主选举

81

名牌

míngpái - famous brand, prestige; nameplate, name tag (名)搭配:名牌产品,名牌西服,名牌大学,世界名牌

82

名片

míngpiàn - business card, name card (名)搭配:一张名片,设计名片,制作名片,交换名片

83

名胜古迹

míngshèng gǔjì - places of historic interest and scenic beauty, scenic spots and historical sites (名)搭配:参观名胜古迹,游览名胜古迹,保护名胜古迹

84

明确

míngquè - clear and definite, clear-cut, explicit, unequivocal; to make clear, to make definite, to clarify (动)搭配:明确了分工,明确了目标;明确地指出,明确提出

85

明显

míngxiǎn - clear, obvious, evident, distinct (名)搭配:特别明显,变化明显,效果明显,明显的错误,明显的缺点

86

明信片

míngxìnpiàn - postcard (名)搭配:一张明信片,寄明信片

87

敏感

mǐngǎn - sensitive, susceptible (形)搭配:非常敏感,过于敏感,敏感话题

88

明星

míngxīng - a famous performer (名)搭配:大明星,明星梦,演艺明星,体育明星

89

命令

mìnglìng - to order, to command; order, commandation (动;名)搭配:命令某人做某事;下命令,得到命令,执行命令,服从命令

90

画饼充饥

huà bǐng chōngjī - to feed on illusions (成语: 动)同义词:无济于事 - wú jì yú shì; 望梅止渴 - wàng méi zhǐkě反义词:名副其实 - míng fù qí shí;实事求是 - shíshì qiú shì

91

豆腐渣工程

dòufuzhā gōngchéng [bean-dregs project] - jerry-built project, shobby construstion, ect. (惯用语: 名)

92

搞笑

gǎoxiào [Gao Xiao] - funny, hilarious (流行语: 形)

93

命运

mìngyùn - destiny, fate, lot, fortune (名)搭配:改变命运,决定命运,掌握命运,相信命运,决定的命运

94

mō - to feel, to stroke, to touch; to feel for, to grope for, to fumble; to try to find out, to feel out, to sound out (动)搭配:摸黑,摸摸口袋,乱摸,摸鱼

95

模仿

mófǎng - to imitate, to copy, to model oneself on (动)搭配:模仿 。。。的声音,模仿 。。。的动作,模仿得不像

96

模糊

móhu - blurred, indistinct, dim, vague; to blur, to obscure, to confuse, to mix up (形;动)搭配:记忆模糊,模模糊糊,视力模糊,照片很模糊;模糊是非

97

模特

mótè - [fashion] model [loanword] (名)搭配:一个模特,服装模特,模特比较,当模特

98

摩托车

mótuōchē - motorcycle, motor bicycle, motorbike (名)搭配:一辆摩托车,修理摩托车,骑摩托车,开摩托车

99

陌生

mòshēng - strange, unfamiliar, inexperienced (形)搭配:陌生人,陌生的地方,很陌生

100

mǒu - some; [referring to oneself] (代)搭配:某种,某人,某事,某个城市