HSK5_9 Flashcards Preview

中文:新HSK5/6词汇 (高级) > HSK5_9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in HSK5_9 Deck (100):
1

木头

mùtou - [informal] wood, log, timber (名)搭配:一块木头,一根木头,木头人,木头桌子

2

目标

mùbiāo - objective, target; goal, aim, objective (名)搭配:共同的目标,发展目标,奋斗目标,现代化目标

3

目录

mùlù - catalogue, list; table of contents, contents (名)搭配:分类目录,图书目录,详细的目录

4

目前

mùqián - at present, at the moment, now (名)搭配:到目前为止,目前的情况

5

哪怕

nǎpà - even, even if, even though, no matter how (连)搭配:哪怕 。。。也/都 。。。

6

难怪

nánguài - [it's] no wonder [that...], [it's] not surprising [that]; understandable, pardonable (副)例句:难怪你会这样说他,原来是他破坏了你的计划。

7

难看

nánkàn - ugly, unsightly; shameful, embarrassing (形)搭配:脸色难看

8

难免

nánmiǎn - hard to avoid (形)搭配:在所难免,难免会受伤

9

脑袋

nǎodai - [Informal] head; brains, mind (名)搭配:小脑袋,脑袋疼,脑袋笨

10

家喻户晓

jiāyù hùxiǎo - known to every household, widely known, known to all (成语: 形)同义词:众所周知 - zhòng suǒ zhōu zhī反义词:默默无闻 - mòmò wú wén

11

吊胃口

diào wèikǒ [whet one's appetite] - [coll.] to keep sb in suspense, to tantalize (惯用语: 动)例句:哈哈,我不说,吊吊你胃口。

12

给力

gěilì [Give power] - amazing, cool; awesome, nifty, impressive, great, wonderful, brilliant (流行语: 形)

13

内部

nèibù - inside, interior, within; inside, restricted (名;形)搭配:内部矛盾,内部联系,内部电话

14

内科

nèikē - [department of] internal medicine (名)搭配:内科病人,内科医生,内科大夫,挂内科

15

nèn - tender, delicate; light; inexperienced, unskilled (形)搭配:嫩叶,嫩芽,嫩黄色,菜很嫩

16

能干

nénggàn - able, capable, competent (形)搭配:很能干,聪明能干

17

能源

néngyuán - the sources of energy, energy resources, energy (名)搭配:优质能源,新能源,节约能源,开发能源

18

ńg/ǹg - [used to express agreement or assent] m-hm; uh-huh (叹)例句:嗯?他怎么现在就走了?

19

年代

niándài - age, years, time; a decade of a century (名)搭配:五十年代,革命年代,和平年代

20

年纪

niánjì - age (名)搭配:年纪大,年纪小,年纪轻

21

niàn - to read aloud; to attend school; to think of, to miss; thought, idea (动;名)搭配:念书,念报纸,念大学,念错了

22

宁可

nìngkě - would rather (副)搭配:宁可 。。。也 [不] 。。。例句:我宁可丢了工作,也要指出经理的错误。例句:我宁可在家吃便饭,也不愿意跑出去吃大餐。

23

牛仔裤

niúzǎikù - jeans [pants] (名)搭配:一条牛仔裤,蓝色牛仔裤,穿牛仔裤

24

农村

nóngcūn - rural area, countryside, village (名)搭配:来自农村,农村人

25

农民

nóngmín - farmer, peasant; peasantry (名)搭配:农民家庭,穷苦的农民,一个农民

26

农业

nóngyè - agriculture, farming (名)搭配:发展农业,农业大学,农业生产,农业技术

27

nóng - dense, thick, concentrated; [of degree or extent] great, strong (形)搭配:兴趣很浓,浓汤,浓汁,浓度

28

女士

nǚshì - [a polite term for a woman, married or unmarried] lady, madam (名)搭配:一位女士,张女士,各位女士,女士优先

29

见义勇为

jiàn yì yǒng wéi - will not hesitate to help those in need; a Good Samaritan (成语: 形)同义词:义不容辞 - yì bùróng cí反义词:见死不救 - jiàn sǐ bù jiù; 袖手旁观 - xiùshǒu pángguān; 趁火打劫 - chèn huǒ dǎjié

30

定心丸

dìngxīnwán [heart-soothing pill] - sth. capable of setting sb.'s mind at ease (惯用语: 名)例句:真好,这下家长算吃了个定心丸。

31

guà [Die] - The death of a game character, and sometimes of a real world person [informal]. Fail to do/on something. (流行语: 动)例句:兄弟,我又挂了!

32

欧洲

ōuzhōu - Europe (名)搭配:欧洲市场,欧洲之行

33

偶然

ǒurán - accidental, fortuitous, chance; accidentally, by accident, by chance; once in a while, occasionally (形;副)搭配:偶然的机会;偶然遇见,偶然听说

34

pāi - to clap, to pat, to beat; bat, racket; [Music] beat, time; to take [a picture], to shoot; to send [a telegram, etc.]; [Informal] to flatter, to fawn on (动;名)搭配:拍手,拍打,拍皮球,拍照片,拍电视剧,拍马屁

35

排队

páiduì - to form a line, to line up, to queue up (动)搭配:排队上车

36

排球

páiqiú - volleyball (名)搭配:打排球,排球运动员

37

pài - to send, to dispatch, to assign, to appoint; [Formal] tributary, river branch; political group, school of thought or art, etc.; style, manner and air; [Measure Word] [for political groups, schools of thought or art, etc.] OR [used with the numeral 一, for scene, atmosphere, speech, etc.] (动;名;量)搭配:派某人做某事;偶像派,海归派;两派观点,分成两派

38

盼望

pànwàng - to hope for, to long for, to look forward to (动)搭配:盼望团聚,盼望结婚

39

培训

péixùn - to train [personnel] (动)搭配:培训班,学习培训,培训中心

40

培养

péiyǎng - to cultivate [plants], culture [microorganisms]; to foster, to train, or to develop [a certain spirit, ability, etc.] in sb. (动)搭配:培养人才,培养下一代,培养 。。。的好习惯

41

赔偿

péicháng - to make good a loss, to compensate, to indemnify; reparations [of a defeated state for war damage] (动;名)搭配:赔偿损失,照价赔偿,赔偿医药费

42

佩服

pèifu - to esteem, to admire, to respect (动)搭配:佩服别人,令人佩服的人,令人佩服的做法

43

配合

pèihé - to coordinate, to cooperate (动)搭配:与 。。。配合,配合某人做某事,在 。。。的配合下,互相配合

44

pén - basin, tub, pot; [Measure Word] for things held in a basin, tub, or pot (名;量)搭配:一盆水,一盆菜,洗脸盆,花盆

45

pèng - to touch, to bump; to meet, to run into; to take one's chance (动)搭配:碰掉,碰见,碰运气

46

pī - to criticize, to refute; to write instructions or comments on [a report from a subordinate, etc.]; wholesale; [Measure Word] batch, lot, group; slap; scrape, pare, cut into slices (动;量)搭配:批作业,批文件;一批新生

47

pī - to drape over one's shoulders, to wrap around; to open, to unroll, to spread out; to split open, to crack (动)搭配:披上衣服,披着外衣,长发披肩

48

批准

pīzhǔn - to ratify, to approve, to sanction (动)搭配:获得批准,批准某事

49

皮鞋

píxié - leather shoes (名)搭配:穿皮鞋,擦皮鞋

50

疲劳

píláo - tired, fatigued, weary; fatigue; [Mechanics] weakening of material subjected to stress, fatigue (形;名)搭配:很疲劳,身体疲劳,眼睛疲劳

51

惊弓之鸟

jīng gōng zhī niǎo - [fig.] sb who frightens easily, due to past experiences; [lit.] a bird startled by the mere twang of a bow (成语: 名)同义词:心有余悸 - xīn yǒu yújì

52

[唱] 对台戏

[chàng] duìtáixì [rival show] - to enter into rivalry with sb. (惯用语: 动)例句:这两个健身会所唱起对台戏了。

53

黑客

hēikè [Hacker] - A person with special talent or skills in computers, either for the detection of system loopholes or doing things in violation of morality or law (流行语: 名)

54

pǐ - [Measure Word] for horses, mules, rolls of cloth or silk, etc. (量)搭配:一匹马,几匹布,七匹狼

55

piàn - [Measure Word] for slices, tablets, etc.; for a stretch of land, a water surface, etc.; used with the numeral 一, for scene, atmosphere, sound, feeling, etc. (量); flat, thin piece, slice, flake (名)搭配:一片森林,一片真心,一片面包,一片心意;玻璃片儿,纸片儿

56

片面

piànmiàn - unilateral, one side, part; one-sided, partial (名;形)搭配:片面的观点,片面强调,片面夸大,片面追求,片面地看问题;全面与片面

57

piāo - to wave to and fro, to float [in the air]; to flutter (动)搭配:飘落,飘雪,飘起来

58

拼音

pīnyīn - to combine sounds into syllables; to spell, to phoneticize (动)搭配:汉语拼音,拼音字母,读拼音

59

频道

píndào - [TV] frequency channel, channel (名)搭配:切换频道,电影频道,体育频道,新闻频道,少儿频道

60

品种

pǐnzhǒng - [Biology] breed, strain, variety; variety, assortment (名)搭配:不同品种

61

píng - flat, level, even, smooth; to make level or even, to level; be on the same level, be on a par, equal; to make the same score, to tie, to draw; equal, fair, impartial; calm, peaceful, quiet; to put down, to suppress; average, common (形;动)搭配:路不平,平面,平分,平局,打平

62

平安

píng'ān - safe and sound, without mishap, well (形)搭配:一路平安,平安无事

63

平常

píngcháng - ordinary times; ordinary, common, general (名;形)搭配:平常的时候;很平常,平常事

64

平等

píngděng - equal; equality (形;名)搭配:男女平等,平等的机会,追求平等,不平等条约

65

平方

píngfāng - [Mathematics] the second power [of a quantity], square; square meter [sq. m.] (量;名)搭配:平方米,平方千米;。。。的平方 。。。[3的平方等于9]

66

平衡

pínghéng - balance, equilibrium; to bring into or keep in equilibrium, to balance (名;形)搭配:平衡感,平衡收支,发展平衡,分布不平衡,生态平衡

67

平静

píngjìng - calm, quiet, tranquil, peaceful (形)搭配:非常平静,心情平静,平静的日子,平静的海面,平静的世界

68

平均

píngjūn - average, mean; to average (形;动)搭配:平均分布,平均温度,平均工资,平均距离;平均一下

69

评价

píngjià - to appraise, to evaluate, to assess; evaluation (动;名)搭配:很高的评价,对 。。。的评价;评价一下

70

píng - to rely on, to depend on; to lean on, to lean against; evidence, proof; according to, go by, base on, take as the basis; [conjunction] no matter [what, how, etc.] (动;介;连)搭配:凭着,凭借;凭什么,凭良心,凭本事,凭关系

71

井井有条

jǐngjǐng yǒu tiáo - in perfect order; shipshape (成语: 形)例句:你把书排得井井有条做什么?同义词:条理分明 - tiáolǐ fēnmíng反义词:杂乱无章 - záluàn wú zhāng

72

恶作剧

èzuòjù [mischief] - to play a practical joke on sb. (惯用语: 动)

73

hàn [Sweat] - to be speechless [out of helplessness, embarrassment, etc] [Internet slang used as an interjection] (流行语: 动)

74

迫切

pòqiè - urgent, pressing, imperative (形)搭配:迫切需要,迫切期待,迫切希望,迫切的任务,迫切的要求

75

破产

pòchǎn - bankruptcy; to go bankrupt, to go broke, to become insolvent; come to naught, fall through, be bankrupt (名;动)搭配:公司破产,宣布破产,计划破产,处于破产边缘

76

破坏

pòhuài - to destroy, to wreck; to do great damage to, to disrupt, to sabotage; to change [a social system, custom, etc.] completely or violently; to violate [an agreement, regulation, etc.], to break; to decompose, to destroy [the composition of a substance] (动)搭配:破坏铁路,破坏桥梁,破坏性活动,破坏环境,破坏花草树木

77

朴素

pǔsù - [of color, style, language, etc.] simple, plain; [of one's living] frugal, thrifty, plain and modest; naive, undeveloped (形)搭配:生活朴素

78

期待

qīdài - to expect, to await, to look forward to (动)搭配:充满期待,期待已久,期待成功

79

期间

qījiān - time, period, course (名)搭配:在 。。。期间,暑假期间,寒假期间,会议期间

80

其余

qíyú - all the other [persons or things], the rest, the remainder (代)搭配:其余的人,其余的领导,其余部分,其余的东西

81

奇迹

qíjì - miracle, wonder, marvel (名)搭配:创造奇迹,相信奇迹,发生奇迹,奇迹般地活了,伟大的奇迹

82

企图

qǐtú - to attempt, to try, to seek; attempt (动;名) M: zhǒng [种]搭配:企图破坏,不良企图

83

企业

qǐyè - enterprise, business (名)搭配:一家企业,国营企业,私营企业,大型企业,中小企业

84

启发

qǐfā - to arouse, to inspire, to enlighten (动)搭配:得到启发,受到启发,在 。。。的启发下,启发某人做某事

85

气氛

qìfēn - surrounding feeling; atmosphere (名)搭配:气氛热烈,课堂气氛,家庭气氛,紧张的气氛

86

汽油

qìyóu - petrol, gasoline, gas (名)搭配:一升汽油,一桶汽油,燃烧汽油,绿色汽油,汽油发动机

87

qiān - to lead along [by holding the hand, the halter, etc.], to pull; to involve (动)搭配:牵着,牵住

88

谦虚

qiānxū - modest, self-effacing; to behave modestly, to make modest remarks (形;动)搭配:谦虚谨慎,谦虚的态度,谦虚地说;别谦虚了

89

qiān - to sign, to autograph; to make brief comments on a document (动)搭配:签字,签名,签上,签合同

90

前途

qiántú - future, prospect, promise, career (名)搭配:前途光明,前途远大

91

qiǎn - shallow; simple, easy; superficial; not intimate, not close; [of color] light, pale; not long in time (形)搭配:浅红,浅蓝,水很浅,感情不浅,内容浅显

92

qiàn - owe, be behind with (动)搭配:欠钱,欠债,欠人情,欠考虑

93

口是心非

kǒushì xīnfēi - to say one thing but do another; insincere (成语: 动)同义词:言不由衷 - yán bù yóuzhōng反义词:言行一致 - yán-xíng yízhì

94

高不成低不就

gāo bù chéng, dī bú jiù [underachievement] - When choosing a job or spouse, one is unable to have his/her heart's desire, but unwilling to accept less: a square peg in a round hole (惯用语: 动)

95

huǒ [Fire] - extremely popular (流行语: 形)

96

qiāng - rifle, gun, firearm (名)搭配:一把枪,一支枪,手枪,打枪,枪法,枪口

97

强调

qiángdiào - stress, emphasize, underline (动)搭配:特别强调,再三强调,强调 。。。的重要性,强调某事

98

强烈

qiángliè - strong, intense, violent; clear-cut, distinct, striking, sharp (形)搭配:强烈要求,强烈的预感,强烈对比,强烈反对,光线很强烈

99

qiáng - wall (名) M: miàn [面] / dǔ [堵]搭配:墙上,墙头,爬墙,高墙,城墙

100

qiǎng - to rob, to loot; to snatch, to grab; to vie for; to scramble for; to rush (动)搭配:抢钱,抢走,抢答,抢东西,抢着做某事