HSK5_15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HSK5_15 Deck (100):
1

营业

yíngyè - to do business, to trade (动)搭配:营业员,营业额,正常营业,开始营业

2

影子

yǐngzi - shadow; reflection; trace, sign, vague impression (名)

3

应付

yìngfu - to deal with, to cope with, to handle, to do sth. perfunctorily, to do sth. after a fashion (动)搭配:难以应付,小心应付,临时应付,应付检查,应付不过来

4

应聘

yìngpìn - to accept an offer of employment (动)搭配:应聘工作

5

应用

yìngyòng - to apply, to use, to put into effect, to utilize (动)搭配:普遍应用,广泛应用,应用范围,应用新技术

6

yìng - hard, tough (形)搭配:很硬,硬度,硬汉子

7

硬币

yìngbì - coin (名)搭配:扔硬币

8

硬件

yìngjiàn - hardware (名)搭配:硬件设备,硬件部分

9

拥抱

yōngbào - to embrace, to hug, to hold in one's arms (动)搭配:热烈拥抱,紧紧拥抱,拥抱在一起

10

无微不至

wú wēi bú zhì - Often used to describe sb. who looks after people caringly while paying attention to every detail; meticulously; in every possible way (成语: 形)例句:李护士对病人照顾得无微不至。同义词:关怀备至 - guānhuái bèizhì反义词:漠不关心 - mò bù guānxīn

11

铁饭碗

tiěfànwǎn [iron rice bowl] - secure employment (惯用语: 名)

12

无语

wúyǔ [Speechless] - Having nothing to say, expressing helplessness on the part of the speaker (流行语: 形)

13

拥挤

yōngjǐ - be crowded, be packed; to push and squeeze (形, 动)搭配:车辆拥挤,道路拥挤,拥挤的车厢;不要拥挤

14

勇气

yǒngqì - courage, nerve (名)搭配:鼓起勇气,没有勇气,信心和勇气

15

用功

yònggōng - hardworking, diligent, studious; to study hard (形,动)搭配:用功学习;读书很用功

16

用途

yòngtú - use (名)搭配:其他用途,多种用途,不同的用途,广泛的用途

17

优惠

yōuhuì - preferential, favorable (形)搭配:优惠政策,优惠条件,价格优惠,特别优惠

18

优美

yōuměi - graceful, fine, exquisite (形)搭配:优美的音乐,风景优美,环境优美

19

优势

yōushì - superiority, preponderance, dominant position (形)搭配:有优势,占优势,优势地位,相对优势

20

悠久

yōujiǔ - long, long-standing, age-old (形)搭配:历史悠久,悠久的文化

21

邮局

yóujú - post office (名)搭配:去邮局

22

犹豫

yóuyù - hesitating, irresolute (形)搭配:犹豫不决,毫不犹豫,犹犹豫豫

23

油炸

yóuzhá - deep-fry, fried (形)搭配:油炸食品

24

游览

yóulǎn - to go sight-seeing, to tour, to visit (动)搭配:去 。。。游览 。。。,游览西湖,游览美景

25

有利

yǒulì - advantageous, beneficial, favorable (形) 搭配:有利条件,有利形势,非常有利,对 。。。有利,有利于 。。。

26

幼儿园

yòu'éryuán - kindergarden, nursery school (名)搭配:上幼儿园,去幼儿园,幼儿园老师

27

娱乐

yúlè - to entertain, to amuse; entertainment, amusement, recreation (动,名)搭配:娱乐娱乐;娱乐场所,娱乐节目,娱乐设施

28

与其

yǔqí - [used correlatively with 不如 or 毋宁] rather than; better than (连)搭配:与其 。。。不如 。。。,与其 。。。宁可 。。。

29

宇宙

yǔzhòu - universe, cosmos (名)搭配:研究宇宙,宇宙空间

30

语气

yǔqì - tone, manner of speaking (名)搭配:语气不好,疑问语气,肯定的语气

31

幸灾乐祸

xìngzāi lèhuò - to take pleasure in [or gloat over] other people's misfortune (成语: 动)

32

铁公鸡

teǐgōngjī [iron rooster] - a stingy person; miser (惯用语: 名)

33

羡慕嫉妒恨

xiànmù jídù hèn [Envious, jealous, resentful] - an exaggerated expression of one's envy and complicated feelings toward someone else (流行语: 形)

34

玉米

yùmǐ - corn, maize (名)搭配:一颗玉米,种玉米,吃玉米

35

预报

yùbào - forecast, prediction (名)搭配:天气预报,地震预报,据 。。。预报 。。。

36

预订

yùdìng - to subscribe, to book, to reserve, to place an order (动)搭配:预订机票,预订座位,接受预订

37

预防

yùfáng - to prevent, take precautions against, to guard against (动)搭配:预防近视,预防感冒,预防措施,预防传染病

38

元旦

Yuándàn - New Year's Day (名)搭配:庆祝元旦,元旦期间,元旦联欢会

39

员工

yuángōng - employee, staff, personnel (名)搭配:公司员工,全体员工

40

原料

yuánliào - raw material, crude material, ingredient (名)搭配:生产原料,工业原料,原料产地,重要原料

41

原则

yuánzé - principle (名)搭配:讲原则,坚持原则,原则问题,基本原则

42

yuán - circle; round (名;形)搭配:一个圆;圆形,很圆,圆圆的月亮

43

缘故

yuángù - reason, cause (名)搭配:其他的缘故

44

愿望

yuànwàng - desire, wish, aspiration (名)搭配:实现愿望,满足愿望,美好的愿望

45

乐器

yuèqì - musical instrument, instrument (名) M: jiàn [件]搭配:各种乐器,古代乐器

46

yūn/yùn - dizzy; to faint, to swoon (形;动)搭配:头晕 [tóuyūn];晕车 [yùnchē],晕船 [yùnchuán],晕倒 [yūndǎo]

47

运气

yùnqi - fortune, luck (名)搭配:运气差,运气好,有运气

48

运输

yùnshū - to transport, to traffic (动)搭配:运输货物,运输工具,运输任务,跑运输

49

运用

yùnyòng - to use, to wield, to apply (动)搭配:自由运用,灵活运用,运用自如,运用 。。。方法

50

灾害

zāihài - damage, disaster, calamity (名)搭配:自然灾害,严重灾害,遇到灾害

51

袖手旁观

xiùshǒu pángguān - to standby without lending a helping hand (成语: 动)同义词:漠不关心 - mò bù guānxīn; 隔岸观火 - gé àn guān huǒ; 置身事外 - zhìshēn shì wài反义词:拔刀相助 - bá dāo xiāng zhù

52

乌纱帽

wūshāmào [black gauze hat] - [fig.] official post; [lit.] black hat [worn by feudal official] (惯用语: 名)

53

小三

xiǎosān [Little third] - the other woman [or other man] in a love triangle; mistress (流行语: 名)

54

再三

zàisān - over and over again, time and again, again and again, repeatedly (副)搭配:再三推辞,再三解释,考虑再三,再三表示感谢

55

在乎

zàihu - to depend on, to rest with; to lie in, to consist in; [usu.used in the negative] to care about, to mind, to take to heart (动)搭配:不在乎,十分在乎,在乎某人

56

在于

zàiyú - to depend on, to rest with, to be determined by; to lie in, to consist in (动)搭配:一年之计在于春 [yì nián zhī jì zàiyú chūn - the whole year's work depends on a good start in spring],问题在于 。。。

57

赞成

zànchéng - to approve of, to favor, to agree with, to endorse; [formal] to help sb. accomplish sth. (动)搭配:表示赞成,举双手赞成,赞成 。。。的意见

58

赞美

zànměi - to praise, to eulogize (动)搭配:赞美祖国,赞美他人,赞美自己,受到赞美,得到赞美

59

糟糕

zāogāo - [informal] how terrible, what bad luck, too bad (形)搭配:真糟糕,非常糟糕,糟糕透了

60

造成

zàochéng - to create, to cause, to give rise to, to bring about (动)搭配:造成污染,造成事故,造成破坏

61

zé - 1. standard, norm, criterion 准则 zhǔnzé 2. rule, regulation 法则 fǎzé, 细则 xìzé 3. [formal] imitate, follow 4. MEASURE WORD [for news, writing, etc.] piece; item搭配:如果 。。。则 。。。;一则新闻,一则报道

62

责备

zébèi - to reproach, to blame, to scold, to reprove, to take sb. to task (动)搭配:受到责备,责备自己,责备他人

63

zhāi - to pick, to pluck, to take off (动)搭配:摘花儿,摘苹果,摘下帽子

64

zhǎi - narrow (形)搭配:很窄,路窄,变窄

65

粘贴

zhāntiē - to paste, to stick (动)搭配:粘贴广告,粘贴邮票

66

展开

zhǎnkāi - to spread out, to unfold, to open up, to launch, to unfold, to develop, to carry out (动)搭配:展开地图,展开地毯,展开辩论,展开斗争

67

展览

zhǎnlǎn - to put on display, to exhibit, to show; exhibition, show (动;名)搭配:书画展览,参观展览

68

zhàn - to occupy, to seize, to take; to constitute, to hold, to make up, to account for (动)搭配:占用,占座位,占线,占优势

69

占线

zhànxiàn - the line [of a telephone] is busy [or engaged] (动)搭配:电话占线

70

战争

zhànzhēng - war, warfare (名)搭配:发动战争,国内战争,解放战争,战争时期

71

一诺千金

yí nuò qiānjīn - to keep a promise; a promise that must be kept (成语: 动;名)同义词:言而有信 - yán ér yǒu xìn反义词:出尔反尔 - chū ěr fǎn ěr; 轻诺寡信 - qīngnuò guǎxìn

72

无事不登三宝殿

wú shì bù dēng sānbǎodiàn [never go to a Buddhist temple for nothing] - [fig.] to visit sb with an ulterior motive [esp. to ask for sth], to call on others only when needing their help; [lit.] One doesn't visit a temple without a cause (惯用语: 动)

73

郁闷

yùmèn [Yu Men] - an Internet slang meaning gloomy or depressed (流行语: 形)

74

长辈

zhǎngbèi - elder member of a family, elder, senior (名)搭配:尊敬长辈,听长辈的话

75

zhǎng - [of water, prices, etc.] to rise, to go up, to swell up (动)搭配:涨价,物价上涨,河水暴涨

76

掌握

zhǎngwò - to grasp, to master, to know well; to have in hand, to take into one's hands, to control (动)搭配:掌握情况,掌握局面,掌握权力,掌握命运,掌握技术

77

招待

zhāodài - to receive [guests], to entertain, to serve [customers] (动)搭配:招待客人,好好儿招待,记者招待会

78

着火

zháohuǒ - to catch fire, to be on fire (动)搭配:房子着火,小心着火,着了一场大火

79

着凉

zháoliáng - to catch cold, to catch a chill (动)搭配:小心着凉,注意别着凉

80

召开

zhàokāi - to convene, to convoke (动)搭配:召开会议,胜利召开,召开运动会

81

照常

zhàocháng - as usual (动;形)搭配:一切照常;照常工作,照常营业,照常休息

82

哲学

zhéxué - philosophy (名)搭配:哲学系,哲学家,研究哲学

83

针对

zhēndùi - to be directed against, to be aimed at, to counter; in the light of, in accordance with, in connection with (动)搭配:针对 。。。问题,针对这个现象,针对他的情况,针对某人

84

珍惜

zhēnxī - to treasure, to value, to cherish (动)搭配:珍惜时间,珍惜生命,珍惜爱情,珍惜友谊

85

真理

zhēnlǐ - truth (名)搭配:追求真理

86

诊断

zhěnduàn - to diagnose (动)搭配:诊断书,诊断结果,诊断病情,正确诊断

87

真实

zhēnshí - true, real, authentic (形)搭配:很真实,不真实,真实的想法

88

枕头

zhěntou - pillow (名)搭配:一个枕头

89

zhèn - a period of time; [Measure Word] short period, spell (名;量)搭配:一阵雨,这阵子,那阵儿,前一阵时间,一阵掌声

90

振动

zhèndòng - [Physics] vibration; to vibrate (名;动)搭配:手机振动,树枝振动,振动的声音

91

一视同仁

yí shì tóngrén - to treat equally without discrimination (成语: 动)反义词:另眼相看 - lìng yǎn xiāng kàn; 厚此薄彼 - hòu cǐ bó bǐ

92

摇钱树

yáoqiánshù [money tree] - [fig.] a source of easy money; [lit.] a legendary tree that sheds coins when shaken (惯用语: 名)

93

有病

yǒubìng [Have illness] - When someone is described as "you bing," he or she has annoyed the speaker with inappropriate actions, rather than indicating physical illness (流行语: 形)例句:你有病啊!

94

争论

zhēnglùn - controversy, dispute, debate, contention; to argue, to dispute, to debate (名;动)搭配:争论不休,争论双方,自由争论,激烈争论

95

争取

zhēngqǔ - to strive for, fight for, to win over (动)搭配:争取时间,主动争取,争取成功,努力争取

96

征求

zhēngqiú - to solicit, to seek, to ask for (动)搭配:征求答案,征求意见,公开征求

97

zhēng - to open [eyes] (动)搭配:睁开,睁眼,睁大眼睛

98

整个

zhěnggè - whole, entire (形)搭配:整个下午,整个社会,整个集体,整个公司

99

整齐

zhěngqí - in good order, neat, tidy, even, regular (形)搭配:干净整齐,很整齐,整整齐齐

100

整体

zhěngtǐ - whole, entirety (名)搭配:整体利益,整体实力,组成一个整体