HSK5_3 Flashcards Preview

中文:新HSK5/6词汇 (高级) > HSK5_3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in HSK5_3 Deck (100):
1

打招呼

dǎ zhāohu - to greet sb., to say hello; to notify, to let sb. know; to warn, to remind (动)例句:他俩见面不打招呼, 仿佛谁也不认得谁。

2

大方

dàfang - generous, liberal; natural and poised, easy, unaffected; in good taste, tasteful (形)搭配:出手大方,举止大方,大大方方

3

大厦

dàshà - large building; mansions [used in names of large buildings] (名)搭配:一座大厦,高楼大厦

4

大象

dàxiàng - elephant (名)搭配:一头大象,一群大象,保护大象

5

大型

dàxíng - large-scale, large (形)搭配:大型演出,大型企业,大型活动,大型比赛

6

dāi - slow-witted, dull; blank, wooden; [Informal] to stay (形;动)搭配:发呆,吓呆了,呆头呆脑

7

代表

dàibiǎo - deputy, delegate, representative; to represent, to stand for; on behalf of, in the name of (动;名)搭配:代表我们,代表大家;会议的代表,代表人物

8

代替

dàitì - to replace, to substitute for, to take the place of (动)搭配:无法代替,代替他

9

贷款

dàikuǎn - a loan M: bǐ [笔]; to provide a loan [e.g. bank]; to raise a loan [from e.g. a bank] (名;动)搭配:向银行贷款;借贷款,还贷款,银行贷款

10

待遇

dàiyù - treatment, reception; remuneration, pay, wages, salary (形)搭配:工资待遇,提高待遇,待遇不好

11

担任

dānrèn - assume the office of, hold the post of (动)搭配:长期担任,不再担任,担任 。。。的职务

12

单纯

dānchún - simple, pure; alone, purely, merely (形;副)搭配:思想单纯,性格很单纯,单纯追求利益

13

单调

dāndiào - monotonous, dull, drab (形)搭配:生活单调,式样单调,色彩单调

14

单独

dāndú - alone, by oneself, on one's own, singlehanded, independent (副)搭配:单独行动,单独生活,单独训练

15

单位

dānwèi - unit [as a standard of measurement]; unit [as an organization, department, division, section, etc.] (名) M: gè [个]搭配:长度单位,各个单位,事业单位,机关单位

16

单元

dānyuán - unit, cell, element (名)搭配:单元房,单元考试,单元练习

17

耽误

dānwu - to delay, to hold up (动)搭配:耽误时间,耽误事情,耽误不了

18

胆小鬼

dǎnxiǎoguǐ - coward (名)搭配:一个胆小鬼,真是胆小鬼

19

dàn - thin, light; bland, tasteless, weak, without enough salt; indifferent, cool; slack, dull; [Dialect] meaningless, trivial (形)搭配:味道很淡,颜色很淡,淡淡的香味,淡季

20

当代

dāngdài - the present age, the contemporary era (名)搭配:当代文学

21

当地

dāngdì - at the place in question, in the locality, local (名)搭配:当地人,当地政府,当地时间

22

当心

dāngxīn - to take care, to be careful, to look out (动)搭配:当心碰头,当心火灾

23

dǎng - to keep off, to ward off, to block; to block, to get in the way of; fender, blind; gear [of a car] (动;名)搭配:挡住,挡风,挡太阳;空挡

24

导演

dǎoyǎn - to direct [a film, play, etc.]; director (名;动)搭配:一位导演,著名导演,导演专业;导演了三场电影

25

导致

dǎozhì - to lead to, to bring about, to result in, to cause (动)搭配:导致受伤,导致死亡,导致失败

26

dǎo - island (名)搭配:小岛,岛国

27

岛屿

dǎoyǔ - islands and islets搭配:岛屿群,岛屿国家

28

倒霉

dǎoméi - to have bad luck, to be out of luck, to be down on one's luck (形)搭配:真倒霉,倒霉透了

29

到达

dàodá - to arrive, to get to, to reach (动)搭配:安全到达,准时到达,到达机场,到达车站

30

dào - upside down, inverted, inverse, reverse; to move backwards, to turn upside down; to pour, to tip; indicating sth. unexpected; indicating contrast; indicating concession; used to press sb. for an answer (形;动;副)搭配:倒车,倒茶

31

道德

dàodé - morals, morality, ethics; moral (名;形)搭配:道德水平,职业道德;不道德

32

道理

dàoli - principle, truth, hows and whys; reason, argument, sense (名)搭配:有道理,讲道理,没有道理

33

登机牌

dēngjīpái - boarding pass (名)搭配:出示登机牌

34

登记

dēngjì - to register, to check in, to enter one's name (动)搭配:登记表,登记日期,认真登记

35

等待

děngdài - to wait, to await (动)搭配:耐心等待,等待命令,不再等待

36

等候

děnghòu - to wait, to await, to expect (动)搭配:等候命令

37

等于

děngyú - equal to, equivalent to; amount to, be tantamount to (动)搭配:1 加 1 等于 2,等于多少,等于没做

38

dī - to drip; drop (名;量) 搭配:滴下来,滴水穿石 {成语}; 一滴汗水,一滴酒

39

的确

díquè - really, indeed (副)搭配:的确不错,的确是真的

40

敌人

dírén - enemy, foe (名)搭配:消灭敌人,大批敌人,几个敌人

41

地道

dìdao - from the place noted for the product, authentic, genuine, pure, real, typical (形)dìdào - tunnel, subway, underpass (名)搭配:一条地道;非常地道

42

地理

dìlǐ - geographical features of a place, geography (名)搭配:地理环境,地理学

43

地区

dìqū - area, district, region (名) M: gè [个]搭配:西北地区,危险地区,安全地区

44

地毯

dìtǎn - carpet, rug, floor cover (名)搭配:一块地毯,漂亮的地毯

45

地位

dìwèi - position, standing, place, status; place [as occupied by a person or thing] (名) M: gè [个]搭配:国际地位,社会地位,地位平等

46

地震

dìzhèn - earthquake (名)搭配:发生地震,强烈的地震,六级地震

47

dì - to hand over, to pass on sth; to gradually increase or decrease; progressively (动)搭配:递给我,递过来,投递

48

点头

diǎntóu - to nod one's head (动)搭配:点头同意

49

点心

diǎnxīn - light refreshments, pastry (名)搭配:一盒点心,几块点心,吃点心

50

电池

diànchí - battery (名) M: jié [节] / zǔ [组]搭配:一块电池,一节电池,充电电池

51

电台

diàntái - transmitter-receiver, transceiver; broadcasting [or radio] station (名)搭配:电台节目,广播电台,电台主持人

52

diào - to fish with a hook and line; to pursue [personal fame and gain] (动)搭配:钓鱼,钓具,垂钓

53

dīng - fourth in order; letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc; fourth of the ten Heavenly Stems; cubes [of food] (名)搭配:丁类,鸡丁

54

dǐng - crown, peak, top; prop, sustain, support; classifier for headwear, hats, veils etc; [slang] to "bump" a forum thread to raise its profile; very, most, extremely (名;动;量;副)搭配:头顶,山顶,顶球;一顶帽子

55

动画片

dònghuàpiàn - animated cartoon [or draw-ing]; cartoon (名)搭配:一部动画片,看动画片

56

dòng - to freeze; feel very cold, freeze, be frostbitten (动)搭配:冻病了,冻坏了

57

dòng - hole, cavity; zero [unambiguous spoken form when spelling out numbers] (名) M: gè [个]搭配:山洞,洞口

58

豆腐

dòufu - tofu, bean curd (名)搭配:一块豆腐,炒豆腐,臭豆腐,吃豆腐

59

dòu - to tease, to play with; to provoke [laughter, etc.], to amuse; [Dialect] funny (动;形)搭配:逗人,逗笑,逗 。。。玩儿 。。。;真逗

60

独立

dúlì - to stand alone; independence; independent, on one's own (动;形;名)搭配:宣布独立,独立生活,经济独立

61

独特

dútè - unique, distinctive, special (形)搭配:风格独特,独特的习惯

62

度过

dùguò - to pass time, to spend time (动)搭配:度过困难,度过危险期

63

短信

duǎnxìn - SMS, text message (名)搭配:一条短信,发短信

64

duàn - to break, to snap, to cut off; to give up or abstain from sth; to judge; [usu. used in the negative] absolutely (动;副)搭配:断开,断电,挂断

65

duī - to pile up, to heap up, to stack (动); heap, pile, stack (名); heap, pile, crowd (量)搭配:堆积,堆满;一堆土

66

对比

duìbǐ - to contrast, to compare; contrast, comparison; ratio (动;名)搭配:对比之下;进行对比

67

对待

duìdài - to treat, to approach, to handle (动)搭配:对待朋友,对待客人,对待问题

68

对方

duìfāng - the other [or opposite] side, the other party (名)搭配:尊重对方,了解对方,对方的态度

69

对手

duìshǒu - opponent, adversary, rival (名)搭配:比赛对手,竞争对手,厉害的对手

70

对象

duìxiàng - target, object; boy or girl friend (名)搭配:研究对象,调查对象,学习对象

71

对于

duìyú - with regard to, concerning, to (介)例句:她对于你的建议有什么反应?例句:对于他的工作我没有什么意见。

72

兑换

duìhuàn - to exchange; to convert (动)搭配:兑换外币,兑换积分

73

dūn - ton (量)搭配:一吨水,一吨货物

74

dūn - to crouch, to squat on the heels; to stay [somewhere] (动)搭配:蹲在地上,蹲在家里

75

dùn - classifier for meals, beatings, scoldings, etc: time, bout, spell, meal (量); to pause (动); [in Chinese calligraphy] pause in writing in order to reinforce the beginning or ending of a stroke (名)搭配:三顿饭,打了一顿

76

多亏

duōkuī - thanks to, luckily, owing to (副)搭配:多亏朋友的帮助,多亏运气好

77

多余

duōyú - unnecessary, surplus, super-fluous, uncalled-for (形)搭配:多余的钱,多余的话,多余的东西

78

duǒ - classifier for flowers, clouds, etc (量)搭配:一朵花儿,两朵云

79

躲藏

duǒcáng - to hide [or conceal] oneself, to go into hiding; to avoid, to dodge (动)搭配:躲藏起来,躲藏在山洞里

80

恶劣

èliè - odious, abominable, disgusting (形)搭配:品行恶劣,手段恶劣,天气恶劣,环境恶劣,态度恶劣

81

耳环

ěrhuán - earrings (名)搭配:一对耳环,金耳环,新耳环

82

发表

fābiǎo - to publish, to report, to issue (动)搭配:发表讲话,发表意见,发表文章

83

发愁

fāchóu - to worry, to be anxious (动)搭配:为工作发愁,常常发愁,令人发愁

84

发达

fādá - developed, flourishing, advanced, prosperous; to promote, to develop, to thrive (形;动)搭配:肌肉发达,工业发达,经济发达,交通发达;事业发达

85

发抖

fādǒu - to shiver, to shake, to tremble, to quiver (动)搭配:手脚发抖,冻得发抖,吓得发抖

86

发挥

fāhuī - to bring into play, to give play to, to give free rein to; to develop [an idea, a theme, etc.], to elaborate (动)搭配:发挥水平,发挥能力,发挥想象力

87

发明

fāmíng - to invent; invention (动;名)搭配:发明电话,发明电脑,发明纸;新发明,伟大的发明

88

发票

fāpiào - bill, receipt, invoice (名)搭配:开发票,统一发票;专用发票,假发票,报销发票

89

发言

fāyán - to speak; to make a statement or speech; take the floor (动;名)搭配:积极发言;精彩的发言

90

罚款

fákuǎn - to impose a fine or forfeit; fine, forfeit, penalty (动;名)搭配:罚款五千,乱罚款;交罚款,最高罚款

91

法院

fǎyuàn - court of justice, law court, court (名)搭配:去法院,在法院工作,最高法院,国际法院

92

fān - to turn upside down or inside out, to turn over; to look through, to search; to reverse; to cross, to get over; to multiply, to double; to translate; Informal: to fall out, to break up (动)搭配:车翻了,翻箱子,翻过一座山,翻了一倍

93

凡是

fánshì - every, any, all (副)搭配:凡是 。。。都 。。。

94

繁荣

fánróng - flourishing, prosperous, booming; to make sth. prosper (形;动)搭配:经济繁荣,市场繁荣,城市繁荣;繁荣文化事业,繁荣经济

95

反复

fǎnfù - repeatedly, again and again; to back out, to chop and change; reversal, relapse; to repeat; repetition (副;动;名)搭配:反复思考,反复讨论,反复研究;反复无常,态度反复;病情有反复

96

反应

fǎnyìng - response, repercussion, reaction; react, respond; [Physiology Medicine/Chemistry] reaction (名;动)搭配:反应得厉害,反应快,反应慢,不良反应,化学反应,正常反应

97

反映

fǎnyìng - to reflect, to mirror; to report, to make known (动)搭配:反映问题,反映情况

98

反正

fǎnzheng - [often used correlatively with 不管, 无论, etc.] in any case, at any rate, anyway; since, as (副)fǎnzhèng - anyway, in any case; to come over from the enemy's side (副)搭配:反正不要紧,反正差不多

99

范围

fànwéi - limits, scope, range; [Formal] to set limits to, to limit the scope of (名;动)搭配:活动范围,正常范围,工作范围

100

fāng - square, upright; side, direction, party (形;名)搭配:方形;四面八方,南方,北方,远方,双方,我方,甲方