HSK5_6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HSK5_6 Deck (100):
1

基本

jīběn - foundation; basic, fundamental, elementary; main, essential; basically, in the main, on the whole, by and large (名;形;福)搭配:国家的基本;基本矛盾,基本条件,基本情况;基本合格,基本完成

2

激烈

jīliè - intense, sharp, fierce, acute, violent (形)搭配:激烈的运动,激烈的比赛,激烈的讨论,激烈的辩

3

及格

jígé - to pass a test, examination, etc.; to pass (动)搭配:成绩及格,考试及格,数学及格

4

极其

jíqí - most, extremely, exceedingly (副)搭配:极其重要,极其高兴,极其关心

5

急忙

jímáng - in a hurry, in haste, hurriedly; hastily (副)搭配:急忙准备,急忙解释,急忙安排,急忙报名

6

急诊

jízhěn - emergency call, emergency treatment (名)搭配:急诊室,急诊病人

7

集合

jíhé - to gather, to assemble, to muster, to call together (动)搭配:到学校集合,七点集合,集合时间

8

集体

jítǐ - collective, community, group, team (名)搭配:集体生活,集体利益,集体宿舍,集体活动

9

集中

jízhōng - to concentrate, to centralize, to focus, to amass, to put together (动;形)搭配:集中力量,集中资金,集中精力;分布集中,精神集中

10

计算

jìsuàn - to count, to compute, to calculate; consideration, planning; scheme, plot (动;名)搭配:计算时间,计算距离,计算面积,计算结果

11

记录

jìlù - to take notes, to keep the minutes, to record [written account]; minutes, notes, record; notetaker; record [in sports etc] (动;名)搭配:记录对话,记录事实,记录数据;会议记录,研究记录

12

长年累月

chángnián lěiyuè - year in year out, over the years (成语: 名)

13

记忆

jìyì - to remember, to recall; memory (动;名)搭配:记忆减退;记忆准确,失去记忆,深刻的记忆,记忆力;记忆起来

14

纪录

jìlù - to take notes, to keep the minutes, to record; minutes notes, record [written account]; notetaker; record [in sports etc] (动;名)搭配:世界纪录,最高纪录,保持纪录,打破纪录,创造纪录

15

纪律

jìlǜ - discipline, rules and regulations (名)搭配:遵守纪律,违反纪律,破坏纪律

16

纪念

jìniàn - to commemorate, to mark; souvenir, keepsake, memento; commemoration day, anniversary (动;名)搭配:纪念发明家;纪念日,做纪念

17

系领带

jì lǐngdài - to tie a necktie (动)搭配:必须系领带,不会系领带,系黑色领带

18

寂寞

jìmò - lonely, lonesome; [of a place] quiet, still, silent (形)搭配:寂寞的生活,忍受寂寞,害怕寂寞

19

夹子

jiāzi - clip, tongs; folder, wallet (名)搭配:文件夹子,衣服夹子,头发夹子

20

家庭

jiātíng - family, household (名)搭配:大家庭,幸福的家庭,工人家庭,家庭教师,家庭医生

21

家务

jiāwù - household duties, housework (名)搭配:做家务,家务劳动,家务活儿,家务事

22

家乡

jiāxiāng - hometown, native place (名)搭配:离开家乡,回到家乡,热爱家乡,建设家乡

23

嘉宾

jiābīn - honoured guest, welcome guest (名)搭配:一位嘉宾,邀请嘉宾,演出嘉宾,表演嘉宾,特别嘉宾

24

jiǎ - shell; nail; armor; the first of the ten Heavenly Stems [天干] [see also干支 gān-zhī]; first; [used for an unspecified person or thing] (名)搭配:甲级,甲壳,手指甲

25

假如

jiǎrú - if, supposing, in case (连)

26

假设

jiǎshè - to suppose, to assume, to grant, to presume; hypothesis, assumption, postulation, supposition (动;名)搭配:假设条件,假设情况;一个假设

27

假装

jiǎzhuāng - to pretend, to feign, to simulate, to make believe (动)搭配:假装吵架,假装认识,假装关心,假装积极

28

价值

jiàzhí - [Economics] value; worth, value; fig. values [ethical, cultural, etc] (名)搭配:实用价值;经济价值,营养价值,药用价值,研究价值

29

出人头地

chūrén tóudì - to rise head and shoulders above others; to stand out among one's fellows (成语: 动)同义词: 高人一等 - gāorén yīděng; 出类拔萃 - chūlèi bácuì反义词: 庸庸碌碌 - yōngyōng lùlù

30

驾驶

jiàshǐ - to drive [a vehicle]; to pilot [a ship or plane] (动)搭配:驾驶汽车,驾驶飞机,驾驶员,驾驶证

31

jià - [of a woman] to marry; to marry off a daughter; to shift, to transfer (动)搭配:出嫁,嫁人,嫁女儿,嫁祸给他

32

尖锐

jiānruì - sharp-pointed; penetrating, incisive, sharp, keen; shrill, piercing; intense, acute, sharp (形)搭配:尖锐的问题,尖锐的批评

33

坚决

jiānjué - firm, resolute, determined, resolved (形)搭配:坚决支持,坚决反对,坚决辞职,坚决改正

34

坚强

jiānqiáng - strong, firm, staunch; to strengthen (形;动)搭配:坚强的人,坚强的性格,坚强的决心;坚强信心

35

肩膀

jiānbǎng - shoulder (名)搭配:肩膀很宽,拍肩膀

36

艰巨

jiānjù - arduous, formidable (形)搭配:艰巨的任务,艰巨的工作,艰巨的工程

37

艰苦

jiānkǔ - arduous, difficult, hard, tough (形)搭配:艰苦的工作,艰苦的条件,艰苦的环境,艰苦奋斗

38

jiān - to fry in shallow oil without stirring; to simmer in water, to decoct; [Measure Word] [for herb medicine] decoction (动)搭配:煎鸡蛋;煎药

39

兼职

jiānzhí - to hold two or more posts concurrently; concurrent post, part-time job (名)搭配:兼职教师;辞去兼职,两份兼职,兼职工作

40

简历

jiǎnlì - résumé, biographical notes; curriculum vitae [CV] (名)搭配:一份简历,个人简历,求职简历

41

jiǎn - to pick up, to collect, to gather (动)搭配:捡东西,捡垃圾,捡废品,捡便宜

42

剪刀

jiǎndāo - scissors, shears (名)搭配:一把剪刀,锋利的剪刀

43

建立

jiànlì - to build, to establish, to set up, to found (动)搭配:建立公司,建立友谊,建立联系

44

简历

jiǎnlì - biographical notes; curriculum vitae [CV]; résumé (名)搭配:个人简历,工作简历

45

简直

jiǎnzhí - simply, at all, virtually (副)例句:这手机太便宜,简直就是白送。例句:这是真的吗?我简直不敢相信。

46

建立

jiànlì - to build, to establish, to set up, to found (动)搭配:建立组织,建立联系

47

建设

jiànshè - to build, to construct (动)搭配:建设家园,经济建设,铁路建设,建设现代化强国

48

建议

jiànyì - to propose, to suggest, to recommend; proposal, suggestion, recommendation (动;名)搭配:提建议

49

建筑

jiànzhù - to build, to construct, to erect; building, structure, architecture, edifice, construction (动;名)
搭配:建筑面积,欧式建筑,中式建筑

50

健身

jiànshēn - fitness, keep fit (名)
搭配:健身教练,健身中心,全民健身,健身房

51

打草惊蛇

dǎ cǎo jīng shé - to act rashly and alert the enemy; to inadvertently alert an enemy (成语: 动) Often used with 不要, 别, 免得 to caution people that they have to execute an action discreetly, so as not to rouse others, especially their opponents.同义词:操之过急 - cāo zhī guò jí反义词:不动声色 - bù dòng shēngsè

52

键盘

jiànpán - keyboard; fingerboard (名)
搭配:电脑键盘,钢琴键盘,使用键盘

53

讲究

jiǎngjiu - to be particular about, to pay attention to, to stress, to strive for; exquisite, tasteful; careful study (形;动;名)
搭配:对 。。。很讲究,穿着讲究;讲究方法

54

讲座

jiǎngzuò - a course of lectures; lecture (名)搭配:关于 。。。的讲座,听讲座,开讲座

55

降落

jiàngluò - to descend, to land (动)搭配:飞机降落,紧急降落

56

酱油

jiàngyóu - soy sauce (名)搭配:一滴酱油,两瓶酱油,买酱油,打酱油

57

交换

jiāohuàn - to exchange, to swap (动)搭配:交换意见,交换想法,物质交换

58

交际

jiāojì - to contact, to communicate; social intercourse, communication (动;名)搭配:交际能力,交际舞,交际圈,社会交际,进行交际

59

交往

jiāowǎng - association, contact, [interpersonal] relationship; to associate [with], to have contact [with], to hang out [with] (形;动)搭配:交往密切,人际交往,交往自由

60

郊区

jiāoqū - suburban district, suburbs, outskirts (名)搭配:北京郊区

61

jiāo - to pour liquid on, to sprinkle water on; to irrigate, to water; [Printing] to cast (动)搭配:浇水,浇花儿,浇地

62

胶水

jiāoshuǐ - glue (名)搭配:一瓶胶水,用胶水粘东西

63

角度

jiǎodù - point of view, angle, perspective; [Mathematics] angle (名)搭配:多角度,从 。。。角度考虑,换个角度看问题

64

狡猾

jiǎohuá - sly, crafty, cunning, tricky (形)搭配:狡猾的敌人,狡猾的狼,非常狡猾

65

教材

jiàocái - teaching material (名)搭配:一套教材,汉语教材,数学教材,使用教材,编写教材

66

教练

jiàoliàn - to train, to drill, to coach; coach, instructor, trainer (动;名) M: gè [个] / wèi [位] / míng [名]搭配:体育教练,篮球教练,健身教练,私人教练;教练有方

67

教训

jiàoxun - lesson, moral; to chide, to teach sb. a lesson, to give sb. a talking-to, to lecture sb. [for wrongdoing, etc.] (名;动)搭配:接受教训,得到教训,经验教训,深刻的教训;教训别人

68

阶段

jiēduàn - stage, phase, period; [Mining] level (名)搭配:过渡阶段,阶段目标,阶段总结,初级阶段,第一阶段

69

结实

jiēshi - solid, sturdy, durable; strong, sturdy, tough (形)搭配:长得结实,身体结实,绳子很结实

70

当仁不让

dāng rén bù ràng - means if you notice that something is not right and needs to be corrected, then you should do it (成语: 动)同义词:义不容辞 - yì bù róng cí;责无旁贷 - zé wú páng dài;不动声色 - bú dòng shēng sè

71

接触

jiēchù - to come into contact with, to get in touch with; to engage; [Electricity] to contact (动)搭配:亲密接触,深入的接触,与 。。。接触

72

接待

jiēdài - to receive, to admit (动)搭配:接待室,接待客人,接待来宾,接待周到

73

接近

jiējìn - to get close to, to near, to approach (动)搭配:接近群众,接近终点,水平接近

74

接着

jiēzhe - to catch; to follow, to carry on; after that, and then (动)搭配:接着说

75

jié - festival, red-letter day, holiday; [Measure Word] section, length; . . . (名;量)搭配:过节,一节课

76

节省

jiéshěng - to economize, to save, to use sparingly, to cut down on (动)搭配:节省时间,节省开支,节省劳动力

77

结构

jiégòu - structure, composition, construction; [Architecture] structure, construction; [Geology] texture (名)搭配:文章结构,语言结构,房屋结构,结构严谨,人体结构

78

结合

jiéhé - to combine, to unite, to integrate, to link; to be united in wedlock (动)搭配:结合实际,中西医结合,与 。。。相结合

79

结论

jiélùn - [Logic] conclusion [of a syllogism]; conclusion, verdict (名)搭配:一个结论,得出结论,结论证明 。。。

80

结账

jiézhàng - to pay a bill, to settle accounts (动)搭配:去结账,年底结账,最后结账

81

解放

jiěfàng - to liberate, to emancipate; Liberation [signifying the termination of Kuomintang rule in mainland China in 1949] (动;名)

82

解说员

jiěshuōyuán - announcer, narrator, commentator (名)例句:他是一位足球节目解说员。

83

jiè - to guard against; to exhort, to admonish, to warn; to give up, to drop, to stop; Buddhist monastic discipline; [finger] ring (动;名)搭配:戒烟,戒酒,引以为戒 {成语}

84

戒指

jièzhi - [finger] ring (名)搭配:一只戒指,订婚戒指,结婚戒指,金戒指,戴戒指

85

jiè - classifier for events, meetings, elections, sporting fixtures, years [of graduation]; to arrive at [place or time]; period; to become due (量;名;动)搭配:上一届,下一届,届时,首届,历届,应届毕业生

86

借口

jièkǒu - to use as an excuse [or pretext]; excuse, pretext (动;名)搭配:找借口,以/拿 。。。为借口

87

金属

jīnshǔ - metal (名)搭配:重金属,有色金属,金属材料,金属元素

88

jǐn - tight, taut, close; urgent, pressing, tense (形)搭配:抓紧,拉紧,时间紧

89

紧急

jǐnjí - urgent, pressing, critical (形)搭配:紧急情况,紧急关头,任务紧急,紧急出口

90

谨慎

jǐnshèn - prudent, careful, cautious, circumspect (形)搭配:小心谨慎 {成语},谨慎的人,做事谨慎

91

尽快

jìnkuài/jǐnkuài - as quickly as possible, as soon as possible (副)搭配:尽快完成,尽快通过

92

得过且过

dé guò qiě guò - If you describe a person as this, you mean that they lack ambition and just want to muddle along in life (成语: 形)同义词:苟且偷安 - gǒuqiě tōuān反义词:精益求精 - jīng yì qiú jīng;努力不懈 - nǔlì búxiè

93

八卦

bāguà [Unofficial news and hearsay] - to hang around and gossip (流行语: 动)例: A: 我觉得你和小张蛮合适的。B: 别那么八卦好不好啊。

94

八竿子打不着

bā gānzi dǎ bù zháo [cannot be reached by eight poles] - not related in any way (惯用语: 形)

95

尽力

jìnlì - to do all one can, to try one's best, with all one's energy (动;副)搭配:尽力而为 {成语},尽力做某事,尽心尽力 {成语}

96

尽量

jìnliàng/jǐnliàng - as much as possible, to the greatest extent, to the full (动)搭配:尽量快点儿,尽量早来

97

进步

jìnbù - to advance, to progress, to improve; [politically] progressive (动;形)搭配:有进步,进步很大,进步很快;进步青年,思想进步

98

进口

jìnkǒu - to import; imported; entrance; inlet [for the intake of air, water, etc] (动;名)搭配:进口商品,进口关税,进口图书,进口巧克力

99

近代

jìndài - modern times (名)搭配:近代史,近代文学作品

100

经典

jīngdiǎn - classics, scriptures; classical (名;形)搭配:非常经典,经典歌曲;阅读经典