Imaging the upper limb Flashcards Preview

Module 204 Theme 2 > Imaging the upper limb > Flashcards

Flashcards in Imaging the upper limb Deck (29):
1

Which is the best imaging modality used to look at bone?

Xray

2

Which imaging modalities are used to look at soft tissue?

Ultrasound
CT
MRI

3

Which imaging modality is the best to look at soft tissue?

MRI

4

When is fluoroscopy used?

To highlight structures such as the glenoid labrum

5

What is fluoroscopy?

Where a dye is injected into the joint to highliht structures

6

What shoulder anatomy can be seen on an xray?

ACJ
Humeral head
Glenoid fossa
Scapula
Coracoid

7

What is a CT of the shoulder used for?

Joints
Bones
Muscle
Other soft tissue

8

What soft tissues are there in the shoulder?

Rotator cuff
Glenoid labrum
Deltoid
Triceps brachii

9

What muscles constitute the rotator cuff in radiology?

Infraspinatus
Supraspinatus
Biceps tendon
Subscapularis

10

How is the glenoid labrum imaged?

MRI with dye

11

What do bulges on the sternoclavicular joint signify?

Osteoarthritis

12

What can be seen on an X-ray of the elbow?

Radial head
Olecranon
Ulna
Distal humerus

13

List the flexors of the elbow

Pronator teres
Flexor carpi radialis
Palmaris longus
Flexor digitorum superficialis
Flexor carpi ulnaris

14

Where is the common flexor origin?

Medial epicondyle

15

List the extensors of the elbow

Extensor carpi radialis brevis
Extensor digitorum
Extensor digiti minimi
Extensor carpi ulnaris

16

Where is the common extensor origin?

Lateral epicondyle of the humerus

17

What is golfers elbow?

Inflammation of CFO

18

What is tennis elbow?

Inflammation of CEO

19

What bones can be seen in the X-ray of the wrist?

Radius
Ulna
Carpal bones
Metacarpals

20

List the carpal bones

Scaphoid
Lunate
Triquteal/triqeutm
Pisiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Capitate
Hamate

21

What is the clinical significance of the scaphoid

Fracture leads to avascular necrosis

22

What forms the roof of the carpal tunnel?

Flexor retinaculum

23

Where does the carpal tunnel attach?

Pisiform and hammate

24

What does the carpal tunnel contain?

Flexor tendons
Median nerve

25

What does compression of the carpal tunnel cause?

Carpal tunnel syndrome

26

What is caused by carpal tunnel syndrome?

Atrophy of the thenar eminence
Weakness of flexor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis and abductor pollicis brevis
Sensory loss in digits supplied by median nerve

27

Which digits does the median nerve supply?

D1- half D4

28

How is carpal tunnel diagnosed by imaging?

MRI of carpal tunnel - thickening of the flexor retinaculum

29

What can be seen on X-ray of the hand?

Carpals
Metacarpals
Phalanges - proximal, middle and distal