Flashcards in Imaging the upper limb Deck (29):
Which is the best imaging modality used to look at bone?
Which imaging modalities are used to look at soft tissue?
Which imaging modality is the best to look at soft tissue?
When is fluoroscopy used?
To highlight structures such as the glenoid labrum
What is fluoroscopy?
Where a dye is injected into the joint to highliht structures
What shoulder anatomy can be seen on an xray?
What is a CT of the shoulder used for?
Other soft tissue
What soft tissues are there in the shoulder?
What muscles constitute the rotator cuff in radiology?
How is the glenoid labrum imaged?
MRI with dye
What do bulges on the sternoclavicular joint signify?
What can be seen on an X-ray of the elbow?
List the flexors of the elbow
Flexor carpi radialis
Flexor digitorum superficialis
Flexor carpi ulnaris
Where is the common flexor origin?
List the extensors of the elbow
Extensor carpi radialis brevis
Extensor digiti minimi
Extensor carpi ulnaris
Where is the common extensor origin?
Lateral epicondyle of the humerus
What is golfers elbow?
Inflammation of CFO
What is tennis elbow?
Inflammation of CEO
What bones can be seen in the X-ray of the wrist?
List the carpal bones
What is the clinical significance of the scaphoid
Fracture leads to avascular necrosis
What forms the roof of the carpal tunnel?
Where does the carpal tunnel attach?
Pisiform and hammate
What does the carpal tunnel contain?
What does compression of the carpal tunnel cause?
Carpal tunnel syndrome
What is caused by carpal tunnel syndrome?
Atrophy of the thenar eminence
Weakness of flexor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis and abductor pollicis brevis
Sensory loss in digits supplied by median nerve
Which digits does the median nerve supply?
D1- half D4
How is carpal tunnel diagnosed by imaging?
MRI of carpal tunnel - thickening of the flexor retinaculum