Flashcards in Infectious Dz - Vaccines Deck (33)
What is the goal of the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) vaccination guidelines?
to reduce total vaccination over the lifetime of the cat
What is the role of the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) Guidelines in veterinary medicine?
To provide a standard of professional practice but acknowledge that veterinarians have latitude to deviate depending on individual situation
What are AAHA's recommended core canine vaccines?
Canine distemper virus, Canine parvovirus type 2, Canine adenovirus type 2, and rabies
When should the distemper/parvo/adenovirus start in dogs and what is the protocol?
Initial puppy series starts after 6 weeks of age and is boostered every 3-4 weeks. They need at least 2 vaccinations after 12 weeks of age
When should the distemper/parvo/adenovirus vaccination in dogs be boostered?
No later than 1 year after completion of the puppy series and revaccinate every 3 years thereafter
When should the rabies vaccination be given in dogs? Boostered?
1 dose given at 12 weeks or greater in age
Booster 365 days or less with a 3 year licensed product
Non-core vaccination use should be based on what?
Risk assessment - lifestyle, geography, risk of exposure, and life-stage
What are the non-core vaccinations for the dog?
Canine parainfluenza virus, Bordatella, Leptospira, Borrelia burgdorferi, Canine influenza vaccine (H3N8 and H3N2), Crotalus atrox toxoid, canine oral melanoma, canine corona virus, and measles
What does the Crotalus atrox toxoid protect against?
The Western diamondback rattlesnake
When is the canine oral melanoma vaccine used?
as a treatment, not as a preventative
What non-core canine vaccination is currently not recommended?
The canine corona virus
What is the measles vaccination made out of?
the human measles virus
When can the measles vaccination be given in dogs?
As young as 6 weeks, but heterotypic immunity may not last past 16 weeks
What non-core vaccinations are commonly used in the primary care section at ISU?
Leptospira (considered a core vaccine), Bordetella, and Lyme
When can the Lepto vaccination be given? Boostered?
It can be given after 12 weeks of age, boostered 2-4 weeks later, and then annually
When can the Bordetella vaccination be given? Boostered?
The PO/buccal vaccination can be given as a single dose after 8 weeks of age, and then boostered annually
SC route after 8 weeks of age, boostered in 2-4 weeks, and then annually
When can the Lyme vaccination be given? Boostered?
First dose after 12 weeks of age, booster at 2-4 weeks, and then annually
Use in endemic areas
What are the core feline vaccinations according to the AAFP?
Feline panleukopenia virus, feline herpesvirus-1, feline calicivirus, and feline leukemia virus
Is the rabies vaccination a core vaccine in AAFP?
No, but state and local regulations may require it
What age group is the FeLV vaccination only considered a core vaccine for?
What is the protocol for the panleukopenia, herpesvirus-1, and calicivirus vaccination?
Begin the kitten series after 8 weeks of age, booster every 3-4 weeks. They need at least 2 vaccinations after 12 weeks of age.
If using the inactivated or attenuated version, booster at 6 months (new recommendation). If using the intranasal vaccination, booster at 12 months
Revaccinate every 3 years thereafter
If you plan on boarding your cat and it has been greater than 2 years since the last panleukopenia/herpes/calicivirus vaccination, when should you booster for it?
7-10 days prior to boarding
What is the protocol for the FeLV vaccination?
Can start at 8 weeks of age. Give 2 doses 3-4 weeks apart. Booster with single dose 1 year following the series. Continued annual use is based on risk assessment
What is the protocol for the rabies vaccination in cats?
Give a single dose at >12 weeks of age and boost within a year. Then every 3 years.
Keep local requirements in mind
What are the non-core feline vaccinations?
FIV, Chlamydophilia felis, Bordatella, FIP
What non-core feline vaccinations are not currently available?
FIV and FIP
If there was an FIV vaccination, when would it be used?
In situations of cats living with known FIV-infected cats or high-risk lifestyle
3 dose series starting at 8 weeks and then annual boosters
When would the Chlamydophilia felis vaccination be indicate?
In multiple cat environments where clinical disease has been confirmed
What side effects are associated with the Chlamydophilia felis vaccination?
Frequent anorexia, pyrexia, lethargy, and limb soreness 1-3 weeks post-vaccination