Flashcards in Neuro - Spinal Cord Diseases Deck (62)
What clinical signs are associated with limb dysfunction?
ataxia, hypermetria, paresis, and plegia
What are our top differentials for spinal diseases?
Intervertebral disease, trauma (external), neoplasia, myelitis/meningitis, vascular, diskospondylitis/osteomyelitis, and syringmyelia
What are the key diagnostics for spinal diseases?
Radiographs, advanced imaging (MR), and CSF analysis
What is the most common spinal disease in dogs and cats?
intervertebral disk disease
Does intervertebral disease focus on a specific portion of the spinal cord?
no - it can affect any region of the spinal cord
Is intervertebral disk disease typically painful?
It can be painful or nonpainful
What are the two forms of intervertebral disk disease?
type I - chondroid metaplasia and type II - fibroid metaplasia
Chondroid metaplasia is an acute/chronic process that is associated with extrusions/protrusions.
Fibroid metaplasia is an acute/chronic process that is associated with extrusions/protrusions.
What is degenerative myelopathy?
progressive degeneration of the spinal cord
What breeds have a higher incidence of degenerative myelopathy?
German Shepherds, Boxers, and Corgis
Where do clinical signs of degenerative myelopathy originate?
in the pelvic limbs
True or false: Degenerative myelopathy is a non-painful degenerative disease.
How will degenerative myelopathy look on MR?
What will the CSF of patients with degenerative myelopathy show?
it will be normal - it may show increased protein
What is often an incidental finding on radiographs of patients with degenerative myelopathy?
In patients with fibrocartilaginous emboli, what are clinical signs often associated with?
Is fibrocartilaginous emboli a painful or nonpainful spinous disease?
Are clinical signs associated with fibrocartilaginous emboli symmetric or asymmetric?
What other spinous disease process is fibrocartilaginous emboli clinically indistinguishable from?
traumatic disk disease
What are extradural neoplasias?
They are tumors of structures surrounding the spinal cord
What are intradural/extramedullary neoplasias?
neoplasias involving the meninges
What are intramedullary neoplasias?
neoplasias that arise from within the spinal cord tissues
True or False: Clinical signs associated with spinal cord neoplasias can be acute in onset.
What is myelitis?
inflammation of the spinal cord
What is meningitis of the spinal cord?
inflammation of the spinal cord and the meninges
Describe how the clinical signs are in patients with myelitis.
They may be diffuse and are often associated with pain
Myelitis can be infectious or non-infectious. What can cause infectious myelitis in dogs?
distemper or toxo
Myelitis can be infectious or non-infectious. What can cause infectious myelitis in cats?
toxo or FIP