JVD 2019 #2 Two Randomized Trials Demonstrate Lactic Acid Supplementation in Pet Food Inhibits Dental Plaque, Calculus and Tooth stain in Cats; Scherl Flashcards Preview

JVD 2019-2021 > JVD 2019 #2 Two Randomized Trials Demonstrate Lactic Acid Supplementation in Pet Food Inhibits Dental Plaque, Calculus and Tooth stain in Cats; Scherl > Flashcards

Flashcards in JVD 2019 #2 Two Randomized Trials Demonstrate Lactic Acid Supplementation in Pet Food Inhibits Dental Plaque, Calculus and Tooth stain in Cats; Scherl Deck (6)
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1
Q

What were the 2 studys?

A

2 separate feeding trials

1: Data collected on a monthly basis for 3 months
2: Randomly assigned 24 cats to test or control groups for 1 year; data collected at 6 and 12 mo

2
Q

How does sodium hexametaphosphate work?

A

Calcium chelator

Reduce the amount of salivary calcium available to mineralize plaque into calculus

3
Q

How does lactic acid work as a chelating agent?

A

Produces soluble complex calcium lactate thereby sequestering calcium that would be used to form calculus

4
Q

What method was used to assess plaque, calculus and stain?

A

For both the 3-mo and 1-year studies, the Logan/Boyce dental substrate quantification method was used

5
Q

What was the % difference between the plaque, calculus and stain between the control and test groups at 6 mo and 12mo?

A

About 30% less Plaque and calculus at 6mo and plaque at 12 mo. About 25% reduction in calculus at 12 mo. 36-33% difference in stain.

6
Q

tooth surface pH of healthy cat?

A

8.65

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