JVD 2020 #1 Evaluation of Efficacy of a Dental Chew to Reduce Gingivitis, Dental Plaque, Calculus and Halitosis in Toy Breed Dogs; Mateo Flashcards Preview

JVD 2019-2021 > JVD 2020 #1 Evaluation of Efficacy of a Dental Chew to Reduce Gingivitis, Dental Plaque, Calculus and Halitosis in Toy Breed Dogs; Mateo > Flashcards

Flashcards in JVD 2020 #1 Evaluation of Efficacy of a Dental Chew to Reduce Gingivitis, Dental Plaque, Calculus and Halitosis in Toy Breed Dogs; Mateo Deck (8)
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1
Q

What dog breeds were included in the study? Which had significantly higher gingivitis, plaque, calculus and VSC concentration as a breed?

A

8 Yorkshire Terriers & 9 Chihuahuas

Yorkshire terriers had significantly worse scores

2
Q

Modified Logan & Boyce plaque index

A

Quantify plaque accumulation on the buccal surface of the tooth using a disclosing solution and total plaque accum assessed by combination of estimate for area of tooth covered by dye and intensity of color to estimate thickness of plaque

3
Q

What were the significant reductions in mean gingivitis, plaque, calculus and halitosis (volatile sulfur compounds)?

A
  • 20% gingivitis
  • 15% plaque
  • 35% calculus
    and -19% VSC compared to when not receiving a daily chew
4
Q

What did the dental chews contain to reduce plaque, calculus, gingivitis?

A

Vitamin C
Zinc
Sodium phosphate salts (sodium hexametaphosphate)

5
Q

What volatile sulfur compounds are most frequently associated with oral malodor?

A
hydrogen sulfide (H2S)
methyl mercaptan (CH3SH)
6
Q

How does Vit C work for oral health?

A

Antioxidant, involved in collagen synthesis

7
Q

How does zinc work for the dental chews?

A

Zinc ions inhibit bacterial growth in perio dz. Reduce malodor by reacting chemically with hydrogen sulfide.

8
Q

How do sodium phosphate salts like sodium hexametaphosphate aid work for dental chews?

A

They are calcium chelators shows to prevent calculus formation in dogs by inhibiting hydroxyapatite crystal growth and dental plaque mineralization

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