kumari 2.2 Flashcards Preview

PHYSIO II > kumari 2.2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in kumari 2.2 Deck (43):
1

the ovaries are the site of what?

gametogenesis

2

the oviducts are the site of what?

fertilization and cleavage

3

the uterus is the site of what>

fetus development

4

the cervix is the site of what?

birth canal

5

the vagina is what?

copulatory organ

6

the internal repro tract is suspended by what?

broad ligament

7

what are the three parts to the broad ligament?

mesovarium
mesometrium
mesosalpinx

8

what animals have a bipartite uterus?

ewe, mare

9

what animals have a bicornuate uterus?

cow, sow, bitch, queen

10

what layer of the uterus is the outer most layer?

perimetrium

11

what layer of the uterus has blood vessels?

myometrium

12

what layer of the uterus has secretory cells>

endometrium

13

in ____ and ____, certain regions in the _____ are (highly/lowly) vascular and (have/lack) glands. These structures are called _____ and serve as attachment sites for ______ of the embryo.

-cow
-ewe
-highly
-lack
-caruncles
-cotyledons

14

what is the common duct for repro and urinary systems?

vestibule

15

vestibular glands = ____ glands

cowpers

16

what are the phases of the estrous cycle?

estrus
metestrus
diestrus
proestrus

17

what is the longest phase of the estrous cycle?

diestrus

18

when does proestrus begin?

with regression of the the corpora lutea

19

is P4 high or low in proestrus?

low

20

are follicles growing during proestrus?

yes, rapidly

21

estrogen induces what in the uterus?

cervical relaxation
cervical dilation
increase cervical mucus secretion

22

what hormone causes induced behavioral symptoms?

estradiol (heat behavior)

23

what is the time period when the female is receptive to the male?

estrus

24

in what phase does ovulation occur?

estrus

25

what animals have the longest estrus phase>

mare

26

what animals are induced ovulators?

cat and rabbit

27

in what phase are the ruptured follicles transformed into corpora lutea?

metestrus

28

in the what species does ovulation occur during metestrus?

cow and doe

29

in what phase is there a functional CL?

diestrus

30

what hormone is high during diestrus?

P4

31

along with P4, what does the sow's CL also produce?

relaxin

32

in what phase is the uterus prepared for implantation and pregnancy?

diestrsu

33

does P4 inhibit or cause myometrial contractions?

inihibits

34

how many estrus cycles does the bitch have in one year?

1-2

35

the bitch has a long period of:

anestrus

36

monoestrous animals

dog

37

polyestrous animals

cow, sow

38

seasonally polyestrous animals

ewe, mare

39

termination of the CL can be induced by ____

PGF2a

40

what hormone is of uterine origin?

PGF2a

41

PGF2a diffuses from the ____ _____ to the ____ _____

-uterine vein
-ovarian artery

42

The exception to normal PGF2a transport is in the ____, where she has ____ ____ of PGF2a.

-mare
-systemic transport

43

PGF2a causes ____ bloodlfow to CL, ____ oxytocin release, and ___ in P4 production.

- decrease
- increase
- decreases