Lec 17 - Met/Dent Health II Flashcards Preview

Dental Biochemistry > Lec 17 - Met/Dent Health II > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lec 17 - Met/Dent Health II Deck (16):
1

dextran is a very blank molecule

sticky

2

two healthy sugar alcohols for teeth

sorbitol, xylitol

3

oral bacteria make acids and dextrans which lead to blank

tooth decay

4

oral bacteria make these which lead to inflammation

endotoxins

5

need a good supply of blank for carb metabolism which is created by this

nad+, lactate dehydrogenase

6

fluoride inhibits blank in glycolysis between the 2 phosphoglycerate and PEP

enolase

7

lipid A domain is most conserved region of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and consists of blank

phophorylated glucosamine disaccharide

8

induction of inflammation can be caused by blank signaling via endotoxemia or septicemia

LPS

9

calcium phosphate is blank

unstructured, amorphous

10

hydroxyapatite is blank

crystalline, structured

11

important player in structuring enamel

collagen

12

alkaline phosphatase is an blank phosphatase that increases the blank ratio which leads to increased mineralization

Pi (mineralization stimulator) / PPi (mineralization inhibitor)

13

inorganic pyrophosphatase is a blank phosphatase that blank mineral formation in bone and teeth

intracellular, promotes

14

large negative delta g is favorable and blank

exergonic

15

the action of inorganic pyrophosphatase can be coupled with an unfavorable reaction to blank

drive it to completion

16

streptococcal dextransucrase converts sucrose to these two

dextran, fructose