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1

How can some bacterial diseases be prevented?

use of immunization

2

How is active immunity induced?

by vaccines prepared from bacteria and their products

3

How is passive immunity induced?

provided by adminstration of preformed Abs in preparation called immunoglobulins

4

What are bacterial vaccines composed of?

capsular polysaccharides, inactivated exotoxins (toxoids), killed bacteria, attenuated bacteria

5

At what age is strep pneumonia vaccine given?

individuals greater than 60

6

What age is HIB vaccine used for?

children between 1-15 months to prevent meningitis

7

Which serotype of HIB is more serious?

B- causes meningitis in children

8

Name for formaldehyde treated exotoxin

toxoid

9

At what age is diphtheria vaccine given?

children 2, 4, and 6 months of age- booster dose 1 year later

10

WHat is bordetella pertussis vaccine given to prevent?

whooping cough

11

What does pertussis vaccine contain?

inactivated toxoid and other proteins

12

What is purified protein vaccine given for?

against lyme disease- contains purified outer surface proteins of Borrelia Burgdorferri

13

What does anthrax vaccine contain?

protective antigen purified from organism

14

What is BCG vaccine given for?

protection against TB- efficacy is doubtful so not given in US

15

WHat is Francicella tularensis vaccine given for?

protection for tularemia disease

16

List some killed bacterial vaccines

cholera, yersenia, typhus, Q fever,

17

WHat type of vaccines are available for Typhoid disease?

ALL- killed, live, polysaccharide

18

Why would performed antibodies be given?

for immediate protection

19

Another name for antitoxins

anti sera

20

Three types of anti toxins

tetanus, diptheria, botulinum

21

What would be given to a patient that had a bad contaminated wound?

tetanus antitoxin and tetanus toxoid in two different locations

22

Define active- passive immunity

Both antitoxin and toxoid will be given

23

Do drugs help with viral disease?

NO- prevention is key

24

Two forms of viral vaccines

live attenuated vaccine and killed vaccine

25

Do viruses have toxoid vaccines?

NO- only bacteria does

26

Is MMR a live or killed vaccine?

LIVE

27

At what age is MMR given?

after the age of 15 months- maternal antibodies may neutralize the vaccine before then

28

What viruses have killed vaccine?

influenza, hepatitis A, rabies

29

WHat vaccine do we have for polio?

Both killed and live

30

Yellow fever, adenovirus, and small pox have what type of vaccine?

LIVE