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Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (96):
1

produce lesions inside and outside GIT

e.coli, salmonella

2

bacteria in GIT but produce lesions outside only

proteas, pseudomonas, bacteroids

3

bacteria gram - associated with respiratory tract

H. influenza, pertussis, legionella

4

G - rod with wide polysaccharide capsule

H. influenza

5

capsulated organisms

pneumococci, meningococci, h. influenza

6

all produce meningitis

pneumococci, meningococci, h. influena

7

What type of influenza are we concerned with?

Type B

8

what causes cleaning of mucous membrane so bacteria can attach?

IgA protease

9

What is the leading cause of meningitis in children?

H. influenza

10

What can H. influenza cause in older people

pneumonia

11

syphilis lab test

RPR test

12

tuberculosis lab test

sputum test

13

Treatment for H. influenza

Ceftrioxone

14

organism that produces beta lactamase

staph aureus

15

common H. influenza vaccine given to babies

HIB vaccine

16

if you are 5 or 8 years old meningitis is mostly due to what?

pneumococci

17

If meningitis when 10 years old, most likely due to what?

meningococci

18

What is the appearance of gonococci/meningococci?

diplococci, red (gram -), kidney shaped

19

define dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

20

define dysuria

painful urination

21

define dyspnea

difficulty breathing

22

difference between diarrhea and dysentry

diarrhea is watery stool and dysentry is stool that is less watery and mixed with blood and mucous

23

What cause bacillary dysentry?

Shigella

24

Transmission of Shigella?

human to human transmission in the fecal- oral route

25

Is shigella motile?

NO

26

does Shigella have a high virulence?

YES

27

What are the 4 F's in Shigella?

fingers, flies, food, feces

28

Where is Shigella located?

exclusively in the GIT

29

What is the pathogenesis of Shigella?

causes ulcerations- do not penetrate gut wall and do not enter the blood stream

30

Clinical Manifestations of Shigella?

fever, abdominal cramps, dysentry, resolves in 2 to 3 days

31

Treatment for Shigella

fluids and electrolytes in milder cases and cipro in more severe cases

32

Is there a vaccine for Shigella?

NO

33

What bacterias produce spores

Bacillus (Anthrax, Cereus), Clostridium (tetani, Botulinum, Perfringens, dificile)

34

Which group is Acid Fast Bacillus?

Tuberculosis

35

Common cause of UTI in women?

E. coli

36

What are the later complications of Streptococci sore throat?

rheumatic fever - may cause damage to heart and joints

37

Peculiarity of arthritis in rheumatic fever?

migratory

38

clinical manifestations of streptococcal infection?

scarlet fever, sore throat, no cough, impetigo

39

What is impetigo?

streptococcus or staphylococcus aureus infection- contagious skin infection that produces blisters or sores on face, neck, hands, diaper area

40

What is acute glomerulo nephritis?

follows streptococcal skin infections after three weeks- causes hypertension, edema of face and ankles and smoky urine

41

Diseases produced from complications of strep pneumonia

meningitis, otitis media-- normally causes lobar pneumonia

42

Complications of typhoid fever

ulcers deep in the gut that can perforate and cause intestinal hemorrhaging- gall bladder infection in chronic carrier state

43

What organism causes typhoid fever?

Salmonella

44

Is Salmonella motile?

YES

45

What is the course for salmonella typhi?

human only- no animal source

46

How is S. Typhi transmitted?

ingestion of food and water contaminated with human waste

47

What diseases have no vaccines available?

gonorrhea, gas gangrene, Cl dificile, lysteria bacteria, Chlamydia, Syphilis

48

What organism causes Q fever?

Coxiella burnetti

49

Mode of transmission for Q fever?

inhalation- even miles away

50

Who spreads Q fever?

partruition animals, amniotic fluid, placenta, urine, feces

51

What organism causes rocky mountain spotted fever?

Ricketti

52

What is rocky mountain spotted fever spread by?

dog tick

53

symptoms of rocky mountain spotted fever?

flu like symptoms with rash, hemorrhaging on hands and feet that moves to trunk- delirium and coma are bad cases

54

What STD is transmitted from mother to baby?

Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Syphilis

55

What infection can get through contact lenses?

Pseudomonas

56

Organisms transmitted by sexual contact

Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Syphilis,

57

What organism produces syphilis?

Treponema

58

What diseases are transmitted through a human louse?

Thyphus fever, Borerlia

59

Source of infection for Typhoid

from other humans-- NOT animals or soil

60

What organism do we get from reheated rice?

B Cereus

61

Ghon's lesion

get in TB with lymph node in mediastinum

62

Malignant pustule

Anthrax B skin

63

Wool Sorters Disease

anthrax- inhalation from hides, skin, wool and bristles

64

Reiters syndrome

can't see, can't pee, can't climb a tree- arthritis of joints- usually from STDS

65

scalded skin syndrome

staph aureus

66

Jarish Hexheimer reaction

antibiotic used to kill syphilis but then all dead bacteria is there and produces a reaction- fever

67

Hutchinsen's Triad

later symptoms of syphilis- depressed nose, notched teeth, interstitial keratitis, and nerve deafness

68

What does Trachoma cause?

chronic infection of conjunctival mucous membranes in the eye

69

What bacteria produces Trachoma

Chlamydia Trachomatis

70

What do types D-K of Trachomatis produce>

genital tract infections- urethritis

71

What does type L of trachomatis produce?

LGV- painful ulcers

72

What is the scrofula-gland enlargement of the neck?

a form of TB

73

Waterhouse Freidrichen syndrome?

hemorrhage in septic meningitis

74

In what disease do you get the Bulls eye?

Lyme disease- Borrelia burgdorferi

75

Pott's disease

TB that affects the spine

76

most common sexually transmitted disease

Chlamydia

77

Toxin or enzyme produced by Treponema pallidum

No toxin or enzyme!

78

What produces peptic ulcers?

H. pylori

79

What grows on disinfectant solutions?

Pseudomonas

80

What organism produces beta lactamase?

staph aureus

81

Infectious diseases that are not communicable

H. pylori, tetanus

82

What bacteria comes from rabbits

Tularemia

83

Test to diagnosis syphilis

RPR - blood test

84

What disease is caused by campylobacter?

enterocholitis

85

source of infection of campylobacter

puppies

86

What is the reservoir of Borrelia?

small mammals like white footed mouse, deer

87

How is Borrelia transmitted among animals?

tick bite

88

What is the most common vector born disease in US?

Borrelia

89

How long does the tick have to feed on our skin to produce infection?

24-48 hours

90

Stages of tick bite

1. red rash with clear white center. 2. cardiac/neurologic involvement- bells palsy 3. arthritis of large joints, CNS disease

91

Treatment for lyme disease

stage 1- doxy/amoxycilin
stage 2 or later- pen G, ceftrioxone

92

Treatment for tuberculosis

6 months of INF, rifampin, ethambutal, pyrazinamide

93

Sewage workers are prone to getting what disease?

rate urine fever---leptospira

94

Side effect when treatment with gentamycin

deafness

95

Gram stained smear shows pink colored kidney shaped diplococci from CSF what is it?

meningococci

96

Smear kidney shaped taken from urethra is what?

gonococci