Midterm Review Flashcards Preview

Microbiology > Midterm Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (96)
Loading flashcards...
1

produce lesions inside and outside GIT

e.coli, salmonella

2

bacteria in GIT but produce lesions outside only

proteas, pseudomonas, bacteroids

3

bacteria gram - associated with respiratory tract

H. influenza, pertussis, legionella

4

G - rod with wide polysaccharide capsule

H. influenza

5

capsulated organisms

pneumococci, meningococci, h. influenza

6

all produce meningitis

pneumococci, meningococci, h. influena

7

What type of influenza are we concerned with?

Type B

8

what causes cleaning of mucous membrane so bacteria can attach?

IgA protease

9

What is the leading cause of meningitis in children?

H. influenza

10

What can H. influenza cause in older people

pneumonia

11

syphilis lab test

RPR test

12

tuberculosis lab test

sputum test

13

Treatment for H. influenza

Ceftrioxone

14

organism that produces beta lactamase

staph aureus

15

common H. influenza vaccine given to babies

HIB vaccine

16

if you are 5 or 8 years old meningitis is mostly due to what?

pneumococci

17

If meningitis when 10 years old, most likely due to what?

meningococci

18

What is the appearance of gonococci/meningococci?

diplococci, red (gram -), kidney shaped

19

define dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

20

define dysuria

painful urination

21

define dyspnea

difficulty breathing

22

difference between diarrhea and dysentry

diarrhea is watery stool and dysentry is stool that is less watery and mixed with blood and mucous

23

What cause bacillary dysentry?

Shigella

24

Transmission of Shigella?

human to human transmission in the fecal- oral route

25

Is shigella motile?

NO

26

does Shigella have a high virulence?

YES

27

What are the 4 F's in Shigella?

fingers, flies, food, feces

28

Where is Shigella located?

exclusively in the GIT

29

What is the pathogenesis of Shigella?

causes ulcerations- do not penetrate gut wall and do not enter the blood stream

30

Clinical Manifestations of Shigella?

fever, abdominal cramps, dysentry, resolves in 2 to 3 days