Lecture Exam 1 - Chapters 1 & 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture Exam 1 - Chapters 1 & 3 Deck (70)
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1

__________ - the study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another

Anatomy

2

__________ - function; study of how body parts work and carry out activities

Physiology

3

__________ - study of large structures visible with the naked eye, such as the heart, kidneys, bones, and the liver.

Gross Anatomy

4

Gross Anatomy (__________ ) – study of large structures visible with the naked eye, such as the heart, kidneys, bones, and the liver.

macroscopic

5

-Gross Anatomy-

__________- focuses on the anatomy of one particular area. For example, if we were studying the arm, we would study the bones, muscles, nerves, and blood vessels found in that area

Regional anatomy

6

-Gross Anatomy-

Regional anatomy – focuses on the anatomy of one particular area. For example, if we were studying the arm, we would study the __________, muscles, __________, and blood vessels found in that area.

-bones
-nerves

7

-Gross Anatomy-

__________ – study of individual organ systems. For example, when we study the nervous system, we’ll learn about the brain, spinal cord, and nerves

Systemic anatomy

8

-Gross Anatomy-

Systemic anatomy – study of individual organ systems. For example, when we study the nervous system, we’ll learn about the __________, spinal cord, and __________

-brain
-nerves

9

-Gross Anatomy-

__________ – study of general form and superficial markings
-When someone flexes their muscles for us, we can see the outline of individual muscles

Surface anatomy

10

-Gross Anatomy-

Surface anatomy – study of general form and superficial markings
-When someone flexes their muscles for us, we can see the __________ of individual muscles

outline

11

How else could surface anatomy be used?
Check pulse in __________ that are near the surface, finding veins to draw blood, and using stethoscope to listen to __________ and lungs

-arteries
-heart

12

__________ – study of structures that cannot be seen with the naked eye.

Microscopic anatomy

13

-Microscopic anatomy-

__________ – study of cells

Cytology

14

-Microscopic anatomy-

__________ – study of tissues, such as connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue

Histology

15

Two main divisions of Microscopic anatomy are:
-
-

-Cytology
-Histology

16

Three main ways to study gross anatomy are:
-
-
-

i. Regional
ii. Systemic
iii. Surface

17

__________ – covers changes that occur over time

Developmental anatomy

18

-Developmental anatomy-

Main division is __________, which is the study of development between conception and birth

embryology

19

-Developmental anatomy-

Main division is embryology, which is the study of development between __________ and __________

-conception
-birth

20

__________ – includes specialized studies used in a clinical setting

Clinical anatomy

21

-Clinical anatomy-

__________ – changes in the body during illness

Medical (or pathological) anatomy

22

-Clinical anatomy-

__________ – study of internal structures using x-ray, CT scans, and MRIs

Radiographic anatomy

23

Two main divisions of Clinical anatomy are:
-
-

-Medical anatomy
-Radiographic anatomy

24

__________ physiology – study of the function of a particular organ or organ system

-Systemic and special

25

Systemic and special physiology-
Examples include renal (kidneys), _________ (nervous system), cardiophysiology (heart and blood vessels), and __________ physiology (lungs)

-neurophysiology
-respiratory

26

__________ physiology – study of the functions of cells

Cell

27

__________ physiology – study of the effects of disease on body functions

Pathological

28

6 Levels of organization of an organism:

1. Chemical
2.
3. Tissue
4.
5. Organ systems
6. Organism

-Cellular
-Organ

29

6 Levels of organization of an organism:

1. Chemical
2. Cellular
3.
4. Organ
5. Organ systems
6.

-Tissue
-Organism

30

6 Levels of organization of an organism:

1.
2. Cellular
3. Tissue
4. Organ
5.
6. Organism

-Chemical
-Organ systems