Lecture Exam 3 - Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture Exam 3 - Chapter 8 Deck (102)
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1

_________ - refers to joints

Arthro

2

____ = plural
____ = singular

-ses
-sis

3

- Joint Function -

_________ – immovable joint

Synarthrosis

4

- Joint Function -

_________ – slightly movable

Amphiarthrosis

5

- Joint Function -

_________ – freely movable

Diarthrosis (or synovial)

6

- Joint Structure -

_________ – bones are joined by connective tissue, very little movement allowed

Fibrous

7

- Joint Structure -

_________ – bones are united by cartilage

Cartilaginous

8

- Joint Structure -

_________ – bones are separated by a fluid filled cavity

Synovial

9

-Four types of Fibrous Joints-

_________ – seams formed between the bones of the skull

Sutures

10

-Four types of Fibrous Joints-

_________ – two bones fuse and joint line disappears

Synostosis

11

-Four types of Fibrous Joints-

_________ – two bones are joined tightly together by
ligament

Syndesmoses

12

-Four types of Fibrous Joints-

_________ – bond between the periodontal ligament and teeth to hold them in their sockets

Gomphoses

13

-Two types of Cartilaginous Joints-

_________ – connecting material is hyaline cartilage

Synchondroses

14

-Two types of Cartilaginous Joints-

_________ – bones are separated by a pad of cartilage

Symphysis

15

_________ - Allow the most movement and are the most common type of joint

Synovial Joints

16

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

_________ – smooth surface at the ends of two bones

Articular cartilage

17

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

Articular cartilage:

-made up of _________ cartilage, but contains more _________
-Reduces _________ and acts as a shock absorber
-Compressed when force is applied

-hyaline
-water
-friction

18

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

Articular cartilage:

-made up of hyaline cartilage, but contains more water
-Reduces friction and acts as a _________
- _________ when force is applied

-shock absorber
-Compressed

19

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

_________ – space between the bones that contains fluid

Joint (synovial) cavity

20

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

_________ – double layer membrane; provides the border of the joint cavity

Articular capsule

21

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

Articular capsule:

_________ – continuous with the periosteum of the bones
--Provides _________ for the joint

-Fibrous capsule
-strength

22

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

Articular capsule:

_________ – lines the inside of the fibrous capsule
--Cells secrete _________ fluid

-Synovial membrane
-synovial

23

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

_________ – egg white consistency; found within the joint cavity

Synovial fluid

24

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

Synovial fluid - three functions;

-Lubrication
-
-Shock absorption

-Nutrient distribution

25

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

Synovial fluid - three functions;

-
-Nutrient distribution
-

-Lubrication
-Shock absorption

26

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

_________ – connect bone to bone and provide strength and reinforcement for the joint

Ligaments

27

- 5 features of Synovial Joints -

Ligaments:

_________ – ligament is stretched to its limit; some collagen fibers tear

Sprain

28

_________ – called menisci (singular is meniscus)

Cartilage pads

29

_________ - Found between the femur and tibia

Cartilage pads

30

_________ – small mass of adipose

Fat pads