Leptospira, Babesia, zoonooses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Leptospira, Babesia, zoonooses Deck (53):
1

Rats and prarie dogs are reservoirs

Plague (Yersinis pestis)

1

Only rickettsial organism that doesn't cause rash

Coxiella burnetti

1

Chubby safety pins

Yersinia pestis (plague)

2

Q fever

Coxiella burnetti

3

Spreads rapidly in skin and subQ tissue

Pasturella (cellulitis, osteomyelitis)

4

Swollen, inflammed lymph node

Bubo (Yersinia pestis)

5

How is the agent of relapsing fever transmitted?

Via body lice

(Borrelia recurrentis)

5

Morulae

Erlichiosis, Anaplasmosis

(Berry-like intracytoplasmic inclusions)

5

Asplenia increases risk of infection

Babesiosis

6

Forms spores

Coxiella burnetti

8

Fever, azotemia, hemorrhage, anemia, jaundice

Weil disease

(icterohemorrhagic leptospirosis)

8

Localize in reticuloendothelial cells

Brucella (undulant fever)

Francisella (tularemia)

9

Plague

Yersinia pestis

10

What are the symptoms of leptospirosis?

Flu-like sx, conjuncivitis without exudate, jaundice, photophobia

10

Epidemic vs endemic typhus

Epidemic = Rickettsia prowasekii, lice

Endemic = Rickettsia typhus, fleas

11

What are some vectors of Campylobacter jejuni besides humans?

Puppies, livestock (undercooked meat)

12

Rash that starts at wrist and ankles and spreads to palms and soles

RMSF (Rickettsia rickettsii)

12

Granulocytes with morula

Anaplasma

12

Symptoms of babesiosis?

Fever, hemolytic anemia

13

Rash that starta on trunk and spreads to limbs but spares palms and soles

Typhus

14

Mandatory 72 hour quarantine

Yersinia pestis (plague)

15

Only rickettsial organism with no arthropod vector

Coxiella burnetti

 

(Aerosols!!)

17

How are Leptospira transmitted?

Water contaminated with animal urine

17

Maltese cross

Babesiosis

18

Cellulitis, osteomyelitis

Pasturella (G- coccobacillus)

Spread via cat and dog bites

19

Photosensitivity, jaundice, flu-like sx, conjunctival suffusion

Leptospirosis

19

Monocytes with morula

Ehrlichiosis

21

How is the agent of Q fever transmitted?

Aerosols of livestock placenta

23

In what demographic is leptosprosis prevalent?

Surfers, Hawaiins

 

(transmitted in water)

24

Babesiosis

 

(notice the maltese crosses)

25

Rickettsia prowazekii

Epidemic typhus (lice)

26

Undulent fever

Brucellosis

27

Under what classification of bugs do Leptospira fall?

Spriochetes

28

Ticks, rabbits, deer fly

Tularemia

29

Where is babesiosis prevalent?

Northeastern US

31

Parrots

C. psittaci

32

Cat and dog bites

Pasturella (cellulitis, osteomyelitis)

Bartonella henslae (Cat scratch fever)

33

Killed vaccine for high-risk population

Yersinia pestis (plague)

35

How is the agent of unduldent fever transmitted?

Unpasteurized dairy

 

(Brucella)

37

Fleas

Rickettsia typhus (endemic typhus)

Yersinia pestis (plague)

39

Dermacentor ticks

Rickettsia rickettsii (RMSF)

40

Lice

Relapsing fever (Borrelia recurrentis)

Epidemic typhus (Rickettsia recurrentis)

42

Ioxedes tick

Anaplasma

Bartonella

Babesia

44

Lone star ticks

Erlichiosis

45

Armadillo

Leprosy

46

Relapsing fever

Borrelia recurrentis

47

Very low ID50/one of the most virulent organisms

Yersinia pestis (plague)

48

Treatment for all rickettsial diseases

Doxy

49

What is Weil disease?

Icterohemorrhagic leptospirosis - fever, hemorrhage, azotemia and jaundice from renal and hepatic damage, anemia

50

Rickettsia rickettsii

RMSF

51

Animal urine

Leptospirosis

52

Rickettsia typhi

Endemic typhus

53

Factors needed for rickettsial growth

CoA and NAD+ becauses they can't synthesize ATP