Life Span Development Flashcards Preview

Advanced EMT > Life Span Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Life Span Development Deck (43)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

Percentage of body weight a neonate’s head accounts for?

A

25%

2
Q

Moro reflex

A

Neonate opens arms wide, spreads the fingers, and grabs at things when startled.

3
Q

Rooting reflex

A

Neonate instinctively turns heard toward whatever side of the cheek you touch.

4
Q

Palmar grasp

A

Neonate’s grasp whatever object is placed in their hand

5
Q

Sucking relfex

A

Neonate’s suckle when lips are stroked.

6
Q

When does the posterior fontanelle fuse?

A

3 months

7
Q

When does the anterior fontanelle fuse?

A

9 - 18 months

8
Q

By ___ months, infant is able to track objects with eyes and should recognize familiar faces.

A

2

9
Q

At ___ months, infant is able to sit upright and begins to make cooing and babbling sounds.

A

6

10
Q

By _____ months, infant can walk with assistance and knows name.

A

12

11
Q

Bulging fontanelles are indicative of?

A

Increased intracranial pressure

12
Q

Sunken fontanelles are indicative of?

A

Dehydration

13
Q

Where are epiphyseal plates located?

A

Either end of long bones

14
Q

How long after birth do infants maintain their mother’s immunities?

A

First year

15
Q

Bonding

A

Formation of personal relationship and is based on a secure attachment.

16
Q

Secure attachment

A

Infant understands the parent or caregiver will respond to their needs.

17
Q

Anxious-avoidant attachment

A

Show little emotional response and often develop isolated lifestyles where they do not depend on the support and care of others. Caused by infants being repeatedly rejected.

18
Q

Separation anxiety

A

Peaks b/n 10-18 months. Involves clingy behavior and fear of unfamiliar places and/or people

19
Q

Trust and mistrust

A

Stage of development that involves and infant’s needs being met by parents or caregivers.

20
Q

Characteristics at 2 months

A

Recognizes familiar faces

Tracks objects w/ eyes

21
Q

Characteristics at 3 months

A

Brings objects to mouth

Smiles and frowns

22
Q

Characteristics at 4 months

A

Reaches out to people

Drools

23
Q

Characteristics at 5 months

A

Sleeps through the night

Recognizes family members from strangers

24
Q

Characteristics at 6 months

A

Teething
Sits upright
Speaks one-syllable words

25
Q

Characteristics at 7 months

A

Fear of strangers

Mood swings

26
Q

Characteristics at 8 months

A

Responds to “no”
Sits alone
Plays peek-a-boo

27
Q

Characteristics at 9 mpnths

A

Pulls up to stand

Places objects in mouth

28
Q

Characteristics at 10 months

A

Responds to name

Crawls efficiently

29
Q

Characteristics at 11 months

A

Tries to walk w/o help

Frustrated w/ restrictions

30
Q

Characteristics at 12 months

A

Knows name

Walks

31
Q

Vital signs for toddlers

A

HR : 80 - 140
RR : 22 - 37
Systolic BP : 86 - 106

32
Q

Vital signs for preschoolers

A

HR : 65 - 120
RR : 20 - 28
Systolic BP : 89 - 112

33
Q

Average age for toddlers to complete toilet training?

A

28 months

34
Q

When is basic language mastered?

A

36 months

35
Q

Toddlers understand cause and effect at ____ months.

A

18 to 24

36
Q

Vital signs of school-age children

A

HR : 58 - 118
RR : 18 - 25
Systolic BP : 97 - 120

37
Q

Preconventional reasoning

A

Act to avoid punishment and to get what they want.

38
Q

Conventional reason

A

Look for approval from peers and society

39
Q

Postconventional reasoning

A

Decisions guided by their conscience.

40
Q

Vital signs of adolescent

A

HR : 50 - 100
RR : 12 - 20
Systolic BP : 110-131

41
Q

Average human’s world during early adulthood

A

Work
Family
Stress

42
Q

Current life expectancy

A

78

43
Q

What is the normal tidal volume of a neonate?

A

6-8 mL/kg