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Flashcards in Microbiology Deck (65)
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1

_______ is a localized infection resulting in systemic manifestations (high fever, low BP, malaise, confusion progressing to stupor, coma, organ failure), rash resembling a sunburn

Toxic Shock Syndrome

2

Actin homolog in bacteria

MreB and ParM

3

Aerobic(-), Anaerobic(+), killed by oxygen, use fermentive metabolism

Strict Anaerobe

4

Aerobic(+), Anaerobic(-), require oxygen, cannot ferment

Strict Aerobe

5

Aerobic(+), Anaerobic(+), ferments in presence or absence of oxygen

Indifferent (Aerotolerant)

6

Aerobic(+), Anaerobic(+), respires in presence of oxygen and ferments in absence of oxygen

Facultative Anaerobe

7

Aerobic(+*), Anaerobic(+), grows best at low concentration of oxygen and can grow without oxygen

Microaerophilic

8

Bacterial plasmids (usually) transfer DNA via physical contact between the donor and recipient cells in the process of _______

Conjugation

9

Bacteriophages transfer segments of DNA from one cell to another in the process of ______

Transduction

10

Clockwise movement of a flagellum give this movement: ______

Tumbling

11

Counterclockwise movement of a flaggelum gives this movement: ______

Swimming

12

degree of pathogenicity, number of microbes required to be introduced into a host for disease to result

Virulence

13

disease caused by an infection with a microbe

Infectious disease

14

Flagella distribution pattern with flagella all over the cell

Peritrichous

15

Flagella distribution pattern with flagella concentrated at one end of the cell

Polar

16

Four Phases of Bacterial Growth

Lag; Exponential; Stationary, Death

17

Gram (-) rods include: ______

E. coli and Pseudomonas

18

Gram + cocci include: _______

Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Enterococcus

19

Gram + rods include: ______

Clostridium

20

Gram-______ bacteria have a thin, sparsely cross-linked peptidoglycan layer and other components located exterior to the peptidoglycan

Negative

21

Gram-_______ bacteria have a thick, extensively cross-linked peptidoglycan wall that also contains teichoic acids

Positive

22

Gram-Negative bacteria crosslink peptidoglycans from ____ to _____

DAP; D-Ala

23

Gram-Positive bacteria crosslink peptidoglycans from ____ to _____

L-Lys; D-Ala

24

Gram(-) (diplo)cocci include: _____

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

25

In gram positive cocci, _______ is typical in walled off infections, while ______ is typical in spreading infections

Staphylococcus; Streptococcus

26

inhibition of microbial growth at drug concentrations tolerated by the host

Selective toxicity

27

Intermediate filament homolog in bacteria

crescentin (CreS)

28

Mobile element that can mediate conjugation between cells, in which it is the DNA that is transferred

Conjugative Transposon

29

Naked DNA is taken up by competent cells in the process of _______.

Transformation

30

Name the two peptidoglycan hexose sugars

N-acetylglucuronic acid (GlcNAc) and N-acetylmuramic acid (MurNAc)