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Flashcards in Mod 30 Deck (33)
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assessment refers to the activity and instruments used to

measure intelligence


the challenge is to make the assessment instruments … (measure what they are supposed to measure) and … (yielding the same score if administered again, even if admin
stered by someone else)

valid; reliable


why try to measure intelligence?
to study how (and why) people differ in …
to match strengths and weaknesses to .. and … programs
to help the "survival of the fittest" process; trying to select the people who have the greatest abilities

ability; jobs; school


problem: in the late 1800s, a new law in France required universal education even for those without the ability to succeed with the current instruction. solution: Alfred binet devised tests for children to determine which ones … he hoped to predict a child's level of … in regular education

needed help; success


Alfred Binet assumed that all children follow the same course of …, some going more quickly, and others more slowly



Binet's tests attempted to measure …--how far the child had come along on the …

mental age; "normal" developmental pathway


the implication was that children with lower ability were … (with a mental age below their chronological age), and not …; with help, they could improve

delayed; disabled


Lewis Terman, of Standford, adapted Alfred Binet's test, adding new test items and extending the age range into … He also tested many California residents to develop new …, that is, new information about how people typically performed on the test. Ther esult was the … test

adulthood; norms; Stanford-Binet intelligence test


Binet reported scores as simply one's …; William stern preserved Binet's comparison of mental to chronological age as: …/..
IQ = ../.. * 100

mental age; ratio; quotient; mental age; chronological age


William Stern coined the term … by using the stanfard-binet



lewis Terman began with a different assumption than Binet; Terman felt that intelligence was … and … (genetic) Later, Terman saw how scores can be affected by people's … and their familiarity with the … and … used int he test

unchanging; innate; level of education; language; culture


achievement tests measure what you …
examples include a literacy test, a driver's license exam, and a final exam

already have learned


aptitude tests attempt to predict your ability to

learn new skills


David Wechsler's Tests: Intelligence PLUS
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) measure ../… and have subscores for:
… comprehension
… speed
… organization
… memory

g; IQ; verbal; processing; perceptual; working


in order for intelligence/other psychological tests to generate results that are considered useful, the tests (and their scores) must be:
…, …, and …

standardized; reliable; valid


Standardization means defining the meaning of scores based on a … with the … who have taken the test before

comparison; performance of others


the method of generating an intelligence test score is to determine where your raw score falls on a distribution of scores by people of your

chronological age


If we stacked a bunch of Weschler intelligence tests in a pile placed by raw score, there would be a few very … scores and a few … scores and a big pie in the middle; this bell-shaped pile is called the …

high; low; normal curve


comparing your score to this .. set of scores: if you score higher than 50 percent of people, your IQ is 100 (average raw score is IQ 100)



Re-standardization: re-testing a sample of the general population to make an …, … comparison group, in case people are smarter than they used to be when the test was first made

updated; accurate


the Flynn effect: performance on intelligence tests has … over the years, worldwide



a test or other measuring tool is reliable when it generates …:
.. reliability: do two halves of the test yield the same results?
… reliability: will the test give the same result if used again?

consistent results; split-half; test-retest


a test or measure has validity if it accurately measures what it is …:
.. validity: the test correlates well with the relevant criterion, trait, or behavior
… validity: the test predicts future performance (e.g. an aptitude test relates to future grades)

supposed to measure; content; predictive


evidence for change/decline of intelligence during aging: … studies-examine people of different … all at once
older adults … perform as well as younger adults on intelligence tests

cross-sectional; ages; do not


evidence for stability of intelligence during aging: … studies track the performance of one group of people, or …, over ..
This method yields evidence that intelligence remains …, or even …, over time

longitudinal; cohort; time; stable; increases


fluid intelligence refers to the ability to think … and …

quickly; abstractly


crystallized intelligence refers to … wisdom, …, …, and …

accumulated; knowledge; expertise; vocabulary


only by age four is a child's performance on intelligence tests a … of future performance



In a Scottish longitudinal study, 11-yr-olds with higher intelligence test scores … and more … and were less likely to develop ...

lived longer; independently; Alzheimer's Disease


In a study of nuns, those with lower verbal ability were later more likelyt o develop …, which includes a … lifespan

Alzheimer's; shorter