Module 6.3 - Cognitive and Observational Learning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 6.3 - Cognitive and Observational Learning Deck (14):

early learning theories held that learning could be explained by the behavioural "ABCs." What does ABC stand for

Antecedents (events preceding behaviour)


the mind was viewed as a ______ by the early learning theorists

black box


what were the 3 groups of rats that Tolman and Honzik examined learning through?

1) rewarded every time they completed the maze
2) not rewarded for the first 10 trials, but then rewarded starting on trial 11
3) never rewarded


latent learning

learning that is not immediately expressed by a response until the organism is reinforced for doing so


stimulus organism response theory (S-O-R theory)

a theory suggesting that individual differences were based on peoples (or animals) cognitive interpretation of that situation - in other words, what that stimulus meant to them


observational learning

changes in behaviour and knowledge that result from watching others


is observational learning a good way to pass on knowledge?

highly efficient way to pass on knowledge


what are the 2 ways chimps gather termites? which is more efficient

1) some put their mouths over termite holes and wait
2) some have learned to use tools to gather termites. this is more efficient


what is the connection between observational learning and survival?

the greater the amount of time spent observing others, the greater the number of survival-enhancing behaviours are learned


what are the 4 processes involved in observational learning?

1) attention
2) memory
3) reproduce
4) motivation


briefly describe the 4 processes involved in observational learning

1) attention to the act or behaviour (the danger of shark week)
2) memory for it (different brain activity for receiving a reward vs. watching someone else receive it)
3) the ability to reproduce it (the benefits of watching someone else practice)
4) the motivation to do so (interacts with opportunity)



recreating someone else's motor behaviour or expression, often to accomplish a specific


imitation often involves what?

the mirror neuron system


imitation is a way to learn what?

social rules