Module 7.3 - Constructing and Reconstructing Memories Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 7.3 - Constructing and Reconstructing Memories Deck (25):
1

schemas

organized clusters of memories that constitute ones knowledge about events objects and ideas

2

______ influence the way we interpret, organize, communicate and remember information

schemas

3

when uncertain we use schemas to help reconstruct ______

memories

4

________ leads to greater activity in the mPFC and greater connectivity between the mPFC and somatosensory cortex

schema-congruent information

5

true or false: retrieving memory is like playing a video game

FALSE: retrieving memory is NOT like playing a video game

6

is retrieving memory and active or inactive process?

active process, therefore it can be manipulated

7

confabulation

confusing an event that happened to someone else with one that happened to you

8

coming to believe that you remember something that never happened

confabulation

9

true or false: confabulation relies on schemas and semantic networks to "fill in the blanks" of a memory

true

10

DRM procedure

a memory task in which participants study a list of highly related words called semantic associates (which means they are associated by meaning)

11

in DRM procedure the most obvious member, the ________ is missing

critical lure

12

the result of DRM procedure is often (70% of the time) a ________

memory intrusion

13

false memory

remembering events that did not occur, or incorrectly recalling details of an event

14

misinformation effect

when information occurring after an event becomes part of the memory for that event

15

true or false: it is possible to create complex "autobiographical" memories

true

16

___% of participants who saw a Disneyland ad featuring Bugs Bunny recalled shaking hands with him

16%

17

what 3 things are children very susceptible to?

1) misinformation effects
2) a questions wording
3) an interviewers mannerisms

18

imagination inflation

the increased confidence in a false memory of an event following repeated imagination of the event

19

some physicians use _______ to help patients recover lost memories

guided imagery

20

recovered memory

a memory of a traumatic event that is suddenly recovered after blocking the memory of that event for a long period of time, often many years

21

recovered memory is conceptually related to ______

repression

22

stress hormones impair ____ functioning

hippocampal

23

recovered memory controversy

a heated debate among psychologists about the validity of recovered memories

24

true or false: the hippocampus is always active; sensory areas in the cortex are only active during true memories

true

25

true or false: recovered memory controversy is related to peoples conscious memory of what they saw

FALSE: this activity is unrelated to peoples conscious memory of what they saw