NASM CPT Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NASM CPT Chapter 7 Deck (35)
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1
Q

Flexibility:

A

The normal extensibility of all soft tissues that allows the full range of motion of a joint.

2
Q

Extensibility:

A

Capability to be elongated or stretched.

3
Q

Neuromuscular Efficiency:

A

The ability of the neuromuscular system to allow agonists, antagonists, and stabilizers to work synergistically to produce, reduce, and dynamically stabilize the entire kinetic chain in all 3 planes of motion,

4
Q

Postural Distortion Patterns:

A

Predictable patterns of muscle imbalances.

5
Q

**Relative Flexibility:

A

The tendency of the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional movement patterns.

6
Q

**The path of least resistance is referring to?

A

Relative Flexibility.

7
Q

**Which of the following is the best example of altered reciprocal inhibition?

A

Tight psoas.

8
Q

**Which of the following principles states that a tight psoas would decrease neural drive of the gluteus maximus?

A

Altered reciprocal inhibition.

9
Q

**Altered Reciprocal Inhibition:

A

The concept of muscle inhibition caused by a tight agonist muscle decreasing the neural drive to its functional antagonist.

10
Q

Muscle imbalance includes a tight _______.

A

Agonist.

11
Q

Reciprocal Inhibition:

A

The simultaneous contraction of one muscle and the relaxation of its antagonist to allow movement to take place.

12
Q

**A tight psoas (hip flexor) would decrease neural drive of the __________.

A

Gluteus maximus (hip extensor)

13
Q

**Autogenic Inhibition:

A

The process by which neural impulses that sense tension are greater than the impulses that cause muscles to contract, providing an inhibitory effect to the muscle spindles.

14
Q

**What is the reason we foam roll and then stretch?

A

Autogenic inhibition. By using the foam roll to turn on Golgi Tendon Organ, we decrease activity of Muscle Spindle, allowing us to stretch further.

15
Q

Muscle Spindles prevent you from _______ your muscle.

A

Lengthening.

16
Q

The Golgi Tendon Organ provides inhibitory action for the ______________.

A

Muscle Spindles.

17
Q

**What type of training works with Corrective Flexibility?

A

Stabilization training.

18
Q

**What type of training works with Active Flexibility?

A

Strength training.

19
Q

**What type of training works with Functional Flexibility?

A

Power training.

20
Q

**Which types of flexibility training uses self-myofascial release?

A

All 3 types: Corrective, Active, and Functional Flexibility.

21
Q

**Corrective Flexibility includes what type of stretching?

A

Static Stretching.

22
Q

**Active Flexibility includes what type of stretching?

A

Active-Isolated Stretching.

23
Q

**Functional Flexibility includes what type of stretching?

A

Dynamic Stretching.

24
Q

Static stretching & foam rolling is best for what type of client?

A

Beginner clients.

25
Q

Active stretching is best for what type of client?

A

Intermediate clients.

26
Q

Dynamic stretching is best for what type of client?

A

Advanced clients.

27
Q

SELF-myofascial release is usually done with?

A

A foam or hand roller.

28
Q

Foam rolling is ___________ inhibition.

A

Autogenic inhibition. (taking muscle and lengthening).

29
Q

Static stretching is ____________ inhibition.

A

Autogenic inhibition.

30
Q

Static stretching:

A

The process of passively taking a muscle to the point of tension and holding the stretch for a minimum of 30 seconds.

31
Q

Active-Isolated stretching is __________ inhibition.

A

Reciprocal inhibition. Ex: Active kneeling hip flexor stretch.

32
Q

Dynamic stretching ___________ inhibition.

A

Reciprocal inhibition.

33
Q

Active-Isolated stretch:

A

The process of using agonists and synergists to dynamically move the joint into a range of motion. Ex: opposite inhibition, retracting quad to oppose hamstring.

34
Q

What type of inhibition is active kneeling hip flexor stretch?

A

Reciprocal inhibition.

35
Q

Dynamic stretch:

A

The active extension of a muscle, using force production and momentum, to move the joint through the full available range or motion. Taking body through full range of motion.