Neoplasia Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Neoplasia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neoplasia Deck (12):
1

Causes of lung carcinomas

Age- 49-70yrs
Gender - female
Smoking
Industrial exposure
Genes
Immunodeficiency

2

Clinical signs of lung carcinoma

Cough
Weight loss
Chest pain
Dyspneoa

3

What would you find mets in a lung carcinoma

Trachea
Bronchial
Mediastinal nodes
Adrenals
Liver
Brain
Bone

4

Symptoms of tumour spreading

Pneumonia
Hoarseness
Homer syndrome

5

Hormones are involved in paraneoplastic syndrome (10% carcinoma cases)

Adh
ACTH
Parathormone
Parathyroid
Prostaglandin e
Cytokines
Calcitonin
Serotonin
Bradykin

6

TNM stage

T- tumour size
N- lymph nodes
M- mets

7

What is a small cell carcinoma

Mainly occurs in smokers
Effects major bronchi and lung periphery
Mainly treated with chemo

8

What is squamous cell carcinoma

Common in smokers and men
Occurs close to the hilum
V differentiated cells

9

What is an adenocarcinoma

Woman and non smokers
Slow grow
Glandular elements common
Grows into white space

10

Large cell carcinoma

Uncommon and hard to tell what the cells were originally
Wide spread and aggressive
High chance malignant

11

Where do lung mets come from

Kidney
Prostate
Bowel
Breast
Via blood, lymph

12

How does a pleural tumour present

Presents as chest pain, dyspneoa, pleural effusion.