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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (17):
1

What are the symptoms
Of upper airway infections

Tired
Ha
Sore throats
Snotty

2

What are the symptoms of a lower airway infection

Graver
Sob
Rigours
Pleuritic chest pain
Sputum colour change

3

Symptoms hospital acquired phneumonia

48-72 hours after admission
Fever
High wbc
Purulent sputum
Cxr

4

Causes of COPD

Mild chronic airway inflammation
Protease imbalance
Oxidants/antioxidants imbalance
Smoking and genetics

5

Symptoms of copd

Dyspneoa
Cough
Wheeze
Weight loss
Heart failure
Pneumothorax
Limited air out put

6

What are the causes of chronic bronchitis

Long standing inhaled irrigation

7

Clinical symptoms of bronchitis

Cough and sputum
Dynpea
Hyperxapia
Hypoxaema
Synosed
Heart failure
Atypical metaplasia
Dysphasia

8

Symptoms of asthma

Wheeze
Breathlessness
Tight chest
Persistent cough - night
Increased mucous
Difficulty exhaling

9

What are the x3 types asthma

Extrinsic - respond to inhaled antigen
Intrinsic - non immune
Atopic- hypersensitivity

10

Symptoms of restrictive lung disease

Dyspnea
Tachypnea
Inspiratory crackle
Cyanosis
Decreased gas diffusion capacity and volume in the lung
Can lead to : secondary pulmonary hypertension and right sided ❤️ failure

11

Risk factors of a PE in lung

Surgery
Cancer
Oestrogen
Pregnant
Sepsis
Ibd
Infection

12

Clinical signs of PE lung

Chest pain
Hypoxia
SOB
increased pulmonary and vascular resistance
Right ventricular failure

13

Symptoms of pulmonary oedema

SOB
pink sputum
Cxr findings

14

What is a pneumothorax

Air in pleural cavity due to :
TB exhumation trauma or idiopathic
Low pressure in lung = collapse

15

What is ataectasis

Lungs not expand
Low oxygen and predisposed to infection
Reversible

16

Type 1 respiratory failure causes

Hypoxia
Pneumonia
Pulmonary oedema
Asthma
Pe
Pulmonary fibrosis

17

Type 2 respiratory failure causes

Hypoxia
High pco2
Asthma
COPD
Osa
Neuromuscular disease
Thoracic wall disease