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Flashcards in Neuropsychology Deck (21):
1

Discrepancies between test data & behavior that may suggest malingering

Test data vs. known patterns of brain function, test data vs. observed behavior, test data vs. reliable collateral reports, test data vs. documented background history

2

A Halstead-Retain impairment index score of .8-1.0 is considered

Severe

2

Who conducted the first systematic study into the cause of individual differences?

Galton

3

Kaplan's process approach

Calls for developing standardized methods for observing, scoring, & analyzing qualitative features of behavior

4

Moscism

Notion that given behaviors are controlled by specific areas in the brain

5

Connectionism

Hypothesized that a relatively small # of basic centers in the brain could be combined through connections to explain higher functions

5

Binding problem

Although the brain analyzes sensory events through multiple, parallel channels that do not converge on a single brain region, we perceive a unified representation of our experiences

5

Who is credited with the 1st experimental approach to psychology?

Wundt

7

Who offered the 1st model of neuropsychology of language?

Broca

8

Describe the American (actuarial) approach to neuropsychology

Based primarily on psychometric properties, normative data, & 'organicity'

9

When was the term neuropsychology first used?

1913 by Sir William Osler

10

Definite malingered neurocognitive disorder (Slick et al.)

External incentives, examinee performs below change on a forced choice test, no psych or neuro disorder to account for performance

11

The first general localization theory was posited by

Gall & Spurzheim

13

Who originated the mind-body problem (dualism vs. monism)?

Descartes

14

Give the descriptor for each of the following scores on Wechsler tests: 129

129 = very superior

15

An MMPI F t-score of ____ is suggestive of malingering

> 81

16

What are some common interpretation errors?

Overgeneralizing, failure to show reduced performance when not given an appropriate exam, confirmatory bias, misuse of salient data, over- & under-interpretation, under-utilization of base rates

17

Describe the Russian (clinical-theoritical) approach to neuropsychology

Heavy reliance on clinical expertise, minimal normative data, observation key; lacks objective standardization or procedures

19

Luria's 3 functional units

1) brainstem structures (responsible for regulating cortical tone) 2) cerebral cortex posterior to central sulcus (responsible for receiving, organizing, & storing stimuli) 3) cerebral cortex anterior to central sulcus (responsible for emitting motor responses, formulating intentions, planning & evaluating behavior)

20

Who was the first person to develop a formal theory of behavior?

Aristotle; proposed a nonmaterial psyche

21

Discrepancies in self-report that may suggest malingering

Discrepant w/ documented history, discrepant with known patters of brain function, discrepant with behavioral observations, discrepant with info obtained from informant, exaggerated or fabricated psych dysfx