Occ ADA Flashcards Preview

Occupational Health > Occ ADA > Flashcards

Flashcards in Occ ADA Deck (26)
Loading flashcards...


- Any anatomic or physiological loss

- AMA guide:
the loss, loss of use, or derangement of any body part, system, or function



The impact that such an impairment has on one's capacity to meet personal, social, or occupational demands.

( An impairment is anatomical or physiological loss)


ADA defined "disability"?

1.a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity of such individual
2. A record of such an impairment; or
3. Being regarded as having such an impairment


ADA defined "impairment "?

An impairment is the loss, loss of use, or derangement of any body part, system, or function


Permanent impairment ?

A permanent impairment is an impairment that has become static or well stabilized with or without medical treatment and is not likely to remit despite medical treatment. A permanent impairment is considered to be unlikely to change substantially and by more than 3% in the next year with or without medical treatment.



Apportionment is an estimate of the degree to which each of various occupational or non-occupational factors may have caused or contributed to a particular impairment. For example, an occupational health professional may be called upon to determine the relative contributions to the permanent impair rating for a lumbosacral condition from a non-work related motor vehicle accident and a work-related lifting accident.



An aggrevation Is the worsening of a pre-existing medical condition or infirmity by a physical, chemical, or biological factor that may or may not be work-related and that leads to an increase in the degree of permanent impairment by more than 3%. In other words, an aggravation is generally considered to cause a further worsening, deterioration, or acceleration of an underlying medical condition.



An exacerbation is a transient increase in or flare-up of symptoms from a pre-existing, underlying medical condition.
In contrast, an aggravation is a worsening, deterioration, or acceleration of a pre-existing medical condition. This distinction is important in the workers' compensation field because aggravations are typically compensable whereas exacerbations frequently are not.





Under FMLE, how many wks of unpaid leave an individual is entitled to ?

12 wks


Under FMLE, how many wks of unpaid leave a couple may take if they work for the same employer?

A combined maximum of 12 wks


Component of risk assessment?

Hazard identification
Dose-response assessment
Exposure assessment
Risk characterization


Exposure control plan(ECP)



How often must the employer review and update the Exposure Control Plan?



Standards of Fluoridation of water ?

0.7 to 1.2


OSHA 300 log

Effective Jan 2002
- must keep if 11 or more employees
- employer must record all new cases of work related fatalities, injuries. And illnesses if they involve:
- death
- days away from work
- medical txt beyond first aid
- LOC, or
- A significant injury or illness diagnosed by a physician or other licensed health care professional


Caring for "Covered service member" with serious illness/injury incurred in line of duty on active duty, family member is entitled to how many wks of leave in a 12 month period ?

26 wks


Maximum Medical Improvement (MMI)

MMI is reached when it is not expected (with a reasonable degree of medical certainty) that the pt's condition or function will improve.


Which reference is widely used in analyzing impairment and awarding workers' compensation claims?

The AMA guide to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment, often called the gold standard reference for permanent impairment evaluation, is mandated or recommended by law or regulation in majority of workers' compensation jurisdictions and frequently used - though not mandated - in many other jurisdictions.



- Disfigurement is an altered or abnormal color, shape, or structure of a visible body part.
- It may be caused by an injury or disease, or may accompany a recurring or chronic disease or disorder of function.
- Disfigurement may produce social rejection, impairment of self-image with self-imposed isolation, alteration of life-style, or other adverse changes.
- The workers' compensation systems in many jurisdictions pay disfigurement benefits for serious and /or permanent disfigurement even in the absence of loss of earning capacity or other disability.


The largest single cause of death for women on the workplace is

Homicide, accounting for almost half of workplace death.


In a workers' compensation claim the burden of proof is

By a preponderance of the evidence
- the claimant must establish that the injury or illness is work-related by a preponderance of evidence, i.e., greater than 50%.


General Duty Clause

Each employer shall provide a place of employment that is free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees.


Federal Employers' Liability Act (FELA)

Provides workers' compensation for railroad workers. It is the exclusive remedy for injured railroad workers and supersedes state workers' compensation laws.


Workers's compensation

It was developed to allow injured employees to be compensated without the need for litigation.


The 4 main objectives of workers' compensation:

1. Replacement of income
2. Rehabilitation
3. Accident prevention
4. Cost allocation