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Flashcards in Pathology Deck (20):
1

What are the common causes of lobar pneumonia?

streptococcus pneumoniae
Klebsiella
Legionella

2

Two clinical settings of pneumonia

Community acquired
Hospital Acquired

3

Two forms of clinical pneumonia

Lobar
Broncho

4

What cells and structures might you see in the pathology of a lobar pneumonia? (3)

Neutrophils
Macrophages
Fibrin rich exudate

5

What are common complications of lobar pneumonia?

Fibrous scarring
Abscess formation
Bronchiectasis
Empyema

6

Bronchopneumonia is more commonly seen in otherwise healthy young adults - True or False

False
Bronchonpneumonia is normally seen in the context of pre-existing disease

7

Bronchopneumonia is commonly a result of aspiration - True or False?

True
This leads to more anaerobic and staphylococcal infections rather than streptococcal

8

Most common complication of bronchopneumonia

Abcscesses

9

Common symptoms of an abscess (3)

chronic malaise
fever
weight-loss

10

Diseases commonly associated with bronchiectasis (3)

TB
CF
Pneumonia

11

Why are bronchiectasis patients more prone to infection?

the dilated airways accumulate purulent secretions causing infective pus formation

12

The pathology of TB is mediates by a ______ hypersensitivity reaction

Type IV

13

Primary TB is...

1st exposure and up too 5 years after

14

Where can a granulomatous response be seen in the lungs with TB?

In the hilar lymph nodes

15

Secondary TB is...

the 2nd exposure causing reinfection or reactivation of disease

16

Where does TB typically localise?

apices of the lungs

17

Where would a Ghon focus be found?

periphery of mid zone of lung

18

TB reactivation can result due to decreased T cell function. What may be the reason for this?

Age
Coincident disease (HIV)
Immunosuppressive therapy

19

What is the common viral infection of an immunocompromised host?

cytomegalovirus

20

What are the common fungal pathogens in the immunocompromised host?

aspergillus, candida, pneumocystis