Formative Assessment Pointers Week 1 Flashcards Preview

Y1 Respiratory > Formative Assessment Pointers Week 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Formative Assessment Pointers Week 1 Deck (51)
Loading flashcards...
1

Site of the horizontal fissure

RIGHT 4th rib

2

Level of the carina

Rib 2

3

Level of the oblique fissure posteriorly

T3

4

Contains cartilage and surrounded by arch of azygous vein

RIGHT main bronchus

5

Carries oxygenated blood and sited inferoposteriorly within the lung root

Pulmonary vein

6

Carries deoxygenated blood and sited superiormedially within the lung root

pulmonary arteries

7

Product of Type II Alveolar cells that opposes alveolar surface tension

alveolar surfactant

8

Keeps the visceral and parietal pleurae closely opposed and can be overcome by a pneumothorax

Transmural Pressure Gradient

9

Keeps the visceral and parietal pleurae closely opposed. Dependent on water molecule polarity.

Intrapleural Fluid

10

Is a palpable reference point that can be used in basic emergency care.

Xiphoid Process

11

The site used in decompressing a tension pneumothorax.

2nd intercostal space

12

The site of the oblique fissure anteriorly.

Rib 6

13

Most O2 is transported...

by haemoglobin

14

Most CO2 is transported...

as bicarbonate

15

A small proportion of O2 is transported...

in solution

16

An accessory muscle of respiration in the neck

Sternocleidomastoid

17

A major inspiratory muscle in a sheet, containing crura.

Diaphragm

18

Thoracic muscles involved in active expiration.

Internal Intercostals

19

Where the middle lobe is auscultated

Between right ribs 4 and 6

20

The site of the lung apex

Superior to the clavicle

21

Where the lung base is auscultated

T11 vertebra

22

Fick's law of diffusion

Gas diffusion across a surface is inversely proportional to surface thickness and proportional to area

23

Dalton's law

The total pressure of a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of each component gas

24

The law of LaPlace

Smaller alveoli have a greater tendency to collapse

25

The Bohr effect

The oxygen dissocation curve is shifted right due to conditions in the tissues, meaning more oxygen is released

26

The Haldane effect

As O2 is removed from Hb, Hb's ability to pick up CO2 and CO2-generated H+ ions is increased

27

Henry's Law

The amount of a gas dissolved in a given type and volume of liquid at constant temperature is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas in equilibrium with the liquid

28

The volume of air breathed in and out per minute

Pulmonary ventilation

29

The volume of air exchanged between the atmosphere and alveoli per minute

alveolar ventilation

30

The inspired air that is available for gas exchange

Alveolar ventilation