Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (68)
Upper respiratory tract consists of... (4)
R and L nasal cavities
naso, oro, laryngopharynx
Lower respiratory tract consists of...(6)
R and L main bronchi
Which parts of the LRT are located in the lungs?
lobar bronchi --> alveoli
What happens at the level of C6 vertebrae?
larynx becomes trachea
pharynx becomes oesophagus
The trachea can be palpated at the _______ notch of the ________
The isthmus of the thyroid gland is anterior to tracheal cartilages _____
What are the functions of the chest walls? (3)
protect the heart and lungs
make the movements of breathing
breast tissue - lactation
Layers of the chest wall (5)
The chest cavity consists of the mediastinum and the R and L pleural cavities - true or false?
During development the lung bud penetrates the pleural cavity - true or false?
the lung bud pushes against but never enters the pleural cavity
Where does the lung bud originate from?
Development of the lung bud into the pleural area causes the development of a ______ and _______ pleura
The parietal pleura is the part which attaches to the....
The visceral pleura is the part which attaches to the...
The pleural fluid does two things, these are?
act as a lubricant
create surface tension
What does the pleural surface tension ensure?
the lungs move with the pleural fluid and thus inflate
number of bronchopulmonary segments in each lung
number of lobar bronchi
Each bronchopulmonary segment has its own nerve and blood supply - true or false?
Name the lobes and fissures of the lungs
R - superior lobe, inferior lobe, middle lobe
horizontal and oblique fissure
L - superior and inferior lobe
The true ribs are ribs 1-8 - true or false?
the true ribs are ribs 1-7
How are the true ribs identified?
they attach via their costal cartilage directly to the sternum
The false ribs are ribs 8-10 - true or false
How are the false ribs identified?
attach via a common cartilaginous bar
ribs 11 and 12
floating ribs with no attachment to sternum
Parts of the thoracic skeleton (6)
12 pairs ribs
12 thoracic vertebrae
clavicle and scapula
Parts of the sternum (4)
what does the costal groove of the rib contain?
artery, nerve and vein
Where does the rib articulate with the vertebrae?
superior vertebrae body, vertebrae body of same number, transverse process of vertebrae