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Flashcards in Protists Deck (32)
1

Diplomonida

clade 1-protist lack plastids and mitochondria do not have DNA, live anaerobic environments. 2 nuclei + multiple flagella

2

parabasala

clad 1-protist lack plastids and mitochondria do not have DNA, live anaerobic environments.

3

euglenozoa

clade 2-presence of crystalline rod inside flagella+have disk shaped mitochondrial christae

4

kinetoplastid

euglenozoa with single large kinetoplast mass of DNA in mitochondria.

5

euglenids

euglenozoa- lack cell wall but have pellicle. have light detector and short flagella

6

alveolates

clade 3-membrane bounded sacs (alveoli) beneath plasma membrane

7

dinoflagellates

alveolate - hamburger shaped with internal plates of cellulose with flagella in groove causes spinning. cause of red tide and bioluminescence

8

apicocomplexans

alveolate- parasites of animals by sporozoites. have nonphotosynthetic plastid: apicoplast.

9

plasmodium life cycle

apicocomplexan causes malaria; short dipolid zygote stage. oocyst produces sporozoites and gametocytes form in red blood cells

10

ciliates

alveolate- use cilia to move and feed

11

paramecium cycle

ciliate which produces 4 macronucleus and dipolid micronucleus during fusion

12

conjugation

two ciliates exchange haploid micronuclei

13

ciliates

apicocomplexan; most notable is paramecium

14

stramenophile

clade 4-smooth and hairy flagellum

15

oomycetes

stramenophile; water molds with cell walls made of cellulose and hyphae but are not fungi

16

diatoms

stramenophile; unicellular algae that have glass like wall with shoe box and lid with high forcegreat diversity

17

golden algae

chrysophytes, biflagellate and mostly unicellular

18

brown algae

mostly multicellular and also seaweed body called thallus that is plant like

19

cercozoans

class of amoebas with threadlike pseudopodia

20

forams

cercozoan- foram tests (shells) multichambered hardened with calcium carbonate

21

radiolarians

similar to cercozoan- tests made of silica; pseudopodia are axopodia that radiate

22

amoebozoa

lobe shaped pseudopodia; gymnamoebas, entamoebas, slime molds

23

gymnamoebas

unicellular free living heterotroph protists feeding on bacteria and other protists in soil and water

24

entamoebas

parasites that infect all classes of vertebrates and some invertebrates

25

slime molds

protist that produce fruiting bodies that aid in spore dispersal

26

plasmodial slime mold

mass called a plasmodium that is a single mass of cytoplasm undivided by membranes and contains many diploid nuclei

27

cellular slime mold

haploid; feeding stage single cell; asexual fruiting bodies;

28

red algae

close algal relatives; phycoerythrin; multicellular; alternation of generations; no flagellated stages in life cycle

29

green algae

chlorphytes and charophycaens; some of the algae that combines with fungi for lichens

30

vovlox

chlorophyte that is colonies of individual cells

31

ulva

chlorophyte that is truly multicellular

32

charophyceans

most closely related to land plants