PSY101 L06 Key Terms Ch 8 Flashcards Preview

PYS101 > PSY101 L06 Key Terms Ch 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in PSY101 L06 Key Terms Ch 8 Deck (15):
1

The tendency, in explaining one's own behavior, to take credit for one's good actions and rationalize one's mistakes.

Self-serving bias

2

A belief about people, groups, ideas, or activities.

Attitude

3

Methods of persuasion used to suppress an individual's ability to reason, think critically, and make choices in his or her best interests.

Coercive persuasion

4

Rules that regulate social life, including explicit laws and implicit cultural conventions.

Norms (social)

5

The belief that one's own ethnic group, nation, or religion is superior to all others.

Ethnocentrism

6

In groups, the tendency of members to avoid taking action because they assume that others will.

Diffusion of responsibility

7

A given social position that is governed by a set of norms for proper behavior.

Role

8

A summary impression of a group, in which a person believes that all members of the group share a common trait or traits (positive, negative, or neutral).

Stereotype

9

A program of shared rules that govern the behavior of people in a community or society; and a set of values, beliefs, and customs shared by most members of that community.

Culture

10

A strong, unreasonable dislike or hatred of a group, based on negative stereotype.

Prejudice

11

Focuses on how cultural rules and values affect people's development behavior, and feelings.

Cultural psychology

12

A person's identification with a racial or ethnic group.

Ethnic identity

13

The part of a person's self-concept that is based on his or her identification with a nation, religious or political group, occupation, or other social affiliation.

Social identity

14

In groups or crowds, the loss of awareness of one's own individuality.

Deindividuation

15

Focuses on social rules and roles, how groups affect attitudes and behavior, and how each of us are affected by our encounters with other people.

Social psychology