PSY101 L13 Key Terms Ch 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PSY101 L13 Key Terms Ch 16 Deck (31):
1

Extreme anxiety experienced by some who believe they are being observed by others and worry they will do or say something that will be excruciatingly humiliating or embarrassing.

Social phobia

2

A disorder characterized by unreasonable, excessive suspiciousness and mistrust, and irrational feelings of being persecuted by others.

Paranoid personality disorder

3

Multiple personality disorder (MPD) is an extreme form of the ability people all have to present different aspects of their personalities to others. MPD provides a culturally acceptable way for some troubled people to make sense of their problems.

Sociocognitive explanation of MPD

4

A continuous state of anxiety marked by feelings of worry and dread, apprehension, difficulties in concentration and signs of motor tension.

Generalized anxiety disorder

5

A set of phobias, often set off by a panic attack, involving the basic fear of being away from a safe place or person.

Agoraphobia

6

Individuals completely withdrawn into a private world, sitting for hours without moving. It can also produce frenzied, purposeless behavior that can go on for hours.

Catatonic stupor

7

An illogical jumble of ideas and symbols linked by meaningless words or remote associations.

"word salad"

8

An abnormally high state of exhilaration.

Mania

9

A mood disorder in which episodes of both depression and mania (excessive euphoria) occur.

Bipolar disorder

10

An extreme mental disturbance involving distorted perceptions and irrational behavior; it may have psychological or organic causes.

Psychosis (Plural: Psychoses)

11

A mood disorder involving disturbances in emotion (excessive sadness), behavior (loss of interest in one's usual activities), cognition (thoughts of hopelessness), and body function (fatigue and loss of appetite).

Major depression

12

Addiction is due primarily to a person's biochemistry, metabolism, and genetic predisposition.

Biological model of addiction

13

A personality disorder characterized by a lifelong pattern of irresponsible, antisocial behavior such as lawbreaking, violence, and other impulsive, reckless acts.

Antisocial personality disorder (APD)

14

When a person's vulnerabilities interact with stressful events, producing chronic depression.

Vulnerability-stress model

15

A personality disorder characterized by a lack of remorse, empathy, anxiety, and other social emotions; the use of deceit and manipulation; and impulsive thrill seeking.

Psychopathy

16

An anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurring panic attacks, periods of intense fear, and feelings of impending doom or death, accompanied by physiological symptoms such as rapid heart rate and dizziness.

Panic disorder (panic attack)

17

A disorder characterized by intense but unstable relationships, a fear of abandonment by others, an unrealistic self-image, and emotional volatility.

Borderline personality disorder

18

A psychotic disorder marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized and incoherent speech, inappropriate behavior, and cognitive impairments.

Schizophrenia

19

A disorder characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-importance and self-absorption.

Narcissistic personality disorder

20

Reference manual used to diagnose mental disorders.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)

21

A widely used objective personality test.

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)

22

A split in consciousness in which one part of the mind operates independently of others.

Dissociation

23

A projective personality test that requires respondents to interpret abstract, symmetrical inkblots.

Rorschach Inkblot Test

24

Any behavior or emotional state that causes an individual great suffering, is self-destructive, seriously impairs the person's ability to work or get along with others, or endangers others or the community.

Mental disorder

25

An anxiety disorder in which a person feels trapped in repetitive, persistent thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive, ritualized behaviors (compulsions) designed to reduce anxiety.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

26

Disorders that are specific to particular cultural contexts.

Culture-bound syndromes

27

An exaggerated, unrealistic fear of a specific situation, activity, or object.

Phobia

28

A controversial disorder marked by the apparent appearance within one person of two or more distinct personalities, each with its own name and traits; formerly known as multiple personality disorder, (MPD).

Dissociative identity disorder

29

Disturbances in mood ranging from extreme depression to extreme mania.

Mood disorder

30

A maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress.

Substance abuse

31

An anxiety disorder in which a person who has experienced a traumatic or life-threatening event has symptoms such as psychic numbing, reliving of the trauma, and increased physiological arousal.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)