Flashcards in PSY101 LO9 Key Terms Ch 10 Deck (17):
A method used to measure unconscious cognitive processes, in which a person is exposed to information and is later tested to see whether the information affects behavior or performance on another task or in another situation.
Model for memory. You encode information (convert it to a form that the brain can process and use), store the information (retain it over time), and retrieve the information (recover it for use).
Encoding, storage, and retrieval
In the three-box model of memory, a limited-capacity memory system involved in the retention of information for brief periods; it is also used to hold information retrieved from long-term memory for temporary use.
Short-term memory (STM)
Memories for the performance of actions or skills ("knowing how").
An integrated mental network of knowledge, beliefs, and expectations concerning a particular topic or aspect of the world.
A method for measuring retention that compares the time required to relearn material with the time used in the initial learning of the material.
Memories of general knowledge, including facts, rules, concepts, and propositions.
Memories of facts, rules, concepts, and events ("knowing that"); they include semantic and episodic memories.
The inability to remember events and experiences that occurred during the first two or three years of life.
Childhood (infantile) amnesia
In psychoanalytic theory, the selective, involuntary pushing of threatening or upsetting information into the unconscious.
The inability to distinguish an actual memory of an event from information you learned about the event elsewhere.
The ability to identify previously encountered material.
Memories of personally experienced events and the contexts in which they occurred.
Stories composed to simplify and make sense of people's lives.
Capacity to retain and retrieve information.
The partial or complete loss of memory for important personal information.