PSY101 LO9 Key Terms Ch 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PSY101 LO9 Key Terms Ch 10 Deck (17):
1

A method used to measure unconscious cognitive processes, in which a person is exposed to information and is later tested to see whether the information affects behavior or performance on another task or in another situation.

Priming

2

Model for memory. You encode information (convert it to a form that the brain can process and use), store the information (retain it over time), and retrieve the information (recover it for use).

Encoding, storage, and retrieval

3

In the three-box model of memory, a limited-capacity memory system involved in the retention of information for brief periods; it is also used to hold information retrieved from long-term memory for temporary use.

Short-term memory (STM)

4

Memories for the performance of actions or skills ("knowing how").

Procedural memories

5

An integrated mental network of knowledge, beliefs, and expectations concerning a particular topic or aspect of the world.

Cognitive schema

6

A method for measuring retention that compares the time required to relearn material with the time used in the initial learning of the material.

Relearning method

7

Memories of general knowledge, including facts, rules, concepts, and propositions.

Semantic memories

8

Memories of facts, rules, concepts, and events ("knowing that"); they include semantic and episodic memories.

Declarative memories

9

The inability to remember events and experiences that occurred during the first two or three years of life.

Childhood (infantile) amnesia

10

In psychoanalytic theory, the selective, involuntary pushing of threatening or upsetting information into the unconscious.

Repression

11

The inability to distinguish an actual memory of an event from information you learned about the event elsewhere.

Source misattribution

12

The ability to identify previously encountered material.

Recognition

13

Memories of personally experienced events and the contexts in which they occurred.

Episodic memories

14

Stories composed to simplify and make sense of people's lives.

Narratives

15

Capacity to retain and retrieve information.

Memory

16

The partial or complete loss of memory for important personal information.

Amnesia

17

In the three-box model of memory, the memory system involved in the long-term storage of information.

Long-term memory (LTM)