PSY101 L11 Key Terms Ch 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PSY101 L11 Key Terms Ch 13 Deck (29):
1

In psychoanalytic theory, the selective, involuntary pushing of threatening or upsetting information into the unconscious.

Repression

2

A statistical estimation of the proportion of the total variance in some trait that is attributable to genetic differences among individuals within a group.

Heritability

3

In psychoanalysis, a conflict occurring in the phallic (Oedipal) stage, in which a child desires the parent of the other sex and views the same-sex parent as a rival.

Oedipus complex

4

Universal, symbolic images that appear in myths, art, stories, and dreams; to Jungians, they reflect the collective unconscious.

Archetypes [AR-ki-tipes]

5

Oral, Phallic, Latency, Genital

Psychosexual stages

6

A program of shared rules that govern the behavior of people in a community or society, and a set of values, beliefs, and customs shared by most members of the community.

Culture

7

In psychoanalysis, the psychic energy that fuels the life or sexual instincts of the id.

Libido [li-BEE-do]

8

A distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives, and emotions that characterizes an individual.

Personality

9

When a person reverts to a previous phase of psychological development.

Regression

10

A characteristic of an individual, describing a habitual way of behaving, thinking, or feeling.

Trait

11

Theories that explain behavior and personality in terms of unconscious energy dynamics within the individual.

Psychodynamic theories

12

An Austrian neurologist known for his method of psychotherapy- psychoanalysis; publication of The Interpretation of Dreams; and his theory of personality which is composed of three elements: id, ego and superego.

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

13

An American humanistic psychologist, developed the hierarchy of needs.

Abraham Maslow (1908 - 1970

14

One who strives for a life that is meaningful, challenging, and satisfying.

Self-actualization

15

In individualist cultures the independence of the individual often takes precedence over the needs of the group. (Primarily European cultures); collectivist cultures group harmony often takes precedence over the needs of the individual. (Primarily Eastern cultures)

Individualist versus collectivist cultures

16

In psychoanalysis, the part of personality containing inherited psychic energy, particularly sexual and aggressive instincts.

Id

17

A humanistic psychologist who brought to American psychology elements of European existentialism, which emphasizes the inevitable dilemmas and challenges of human existence.

Rollo May

18

Repressing one's own unacceptable or threatening feelings and attributing them to someone else.

Projection

19

An American humanistic psychologist, developed the theory of unconditional positive regard.

Carl Rogers

20

To Carl Rogers, love or support given to another person with no conditions attached.

Unconditional positive regard

21

Refusal to admit something unpleasant is happening.

Denial

22

Extroversion vs introversion; neuroticism vs emotional stability; agreeableness vs antagonism; conscientiousness vs impulsiveness; openness to experience vs resistance to new experience.

The "Big Five" personality traits

23

The story people develop over time to explain themselves and make meaning of everything that has happened to them.

Life narratives

24

Methods used by the ego to prevent unconscious anxiety or threatening thoughts from entering consciousness.

Defense mechanisms

25

A psychological approach that emphasizes free will, personal growth, resilience, and the achievement of human potential.

Humanist psychology

26

A Swiss Psychiatrist who broke away from Freud's theory of the unconscious and developed his own theory of a collective unconscious that all human beings share.

Carl Jung (1875 - 1961)

27

In psychoanalysis, the part of personality that represents conscience, morality, and social standards.

Superego

28

Physiological dispositions to respond to the environment in certain ways; they are present in infancy and in many nonhuman species and are assumed to be innate.

Temperaments

29

In psychoanalysis, the part of the personality that represents, reason, good sense, and rational self-control.

Ego