PYS101 L13 Key Terms Ch 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PYS101 L13 Key Terms Ch 17 Deck (39):
1

A drug frequently given to people suffering from bipolar disorder.

Lithium carbonate

2

A minimum of one or two therapeutic sessions specifically focused on increasing a client's motivation to change behavior.

Motivational interviewing

3

A theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy, originally formulated by Sigmund Freud that emphasizes unconscious motives and conflicts.

Psychoanalysis

4

Drugs used primarily in the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.

Antipsychotic drugs

5

Primary goal is to modify family patterns that perpetuate problems and conflicts.

Family therapy

6

Any surgical procedure that destroys selected areas of the brain believed to be involved in emotional disorders or violent, impulsive behaviors.

Psychosurgery

7

A form of therapy designed to identify and change irrational, unproductive ways of thinking and, hence, to reduce negative emotions.

Cognitive therapy

8

A form of therapy designed to help clients explore the meaning of existence and face the great questions of life, such as death, freedom alienation, and loneliness.

Existential therapy

9

The application of techniques derived from the behavioral principles of classical and operant conditioning.

Applied behavior analysis

10

A psychodynamic approach that emphasizes the importance of the infant's first two years of life and the baby's formative relationships, especially with the mother

Object-relations (psychodynamic) therapy

11

A procedure used in cases of prolonged and severe major depression, in which a brief brain seizure is induced.

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

12

In psychodynamic therapies, the process of saying freely whatever comes to mind in connection with dreams, memories, fantasies, or conflicts.

Free association

13

Theories that explain behavior and personality in terms of unconscious energy dynamics within the individual.

Psychodynamic ("depth") therapies

14

In behavior therapy, an effort to teach the client skills that he or she may lack, as well as new constructive behaviors to replace self-defeating ones.

Skills training

15

Assess and treat people who are physically disabled - temporarily or permanently.

Rehabilitation psychologists

16

A neurological disorder consisting of involuntary muscle movement that can develop as a negative side effect of antipsychotics.

Tardive dyskinesia

17

A form of therapy that applies principles of classical and operant conditioning to help people change self-defeating or problematic behaviors.

Behavior therapy

18

Drugs used primarily in the treatment of mood disorders, especially depression and anxiety.

Antidepressant drugs

19

A form of cognitive therapy devised by Albert Ellis, designed to challenge the client's unrealistic thoughts.

Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

20

The breach between practicing therapists and academic psychology departments where research and the study of different therapy techniques are required.

Scientist-practitioner gap

21

In behavior therapy, a step-by-step process of desensitizing a client to a feared object or experience; it is based on the classical-conditioning procedure of counterconditioning.

Systematic desensitization

22

The right amount of drug dosage that works effectively. The same dose of a drug may be metabolized differently in men and women, young and old people, and different ethnic groups.

Therapeutic window

23

To Carl Rogers, love or support given to another person with no conditions attached.

Unconditional positive regard

24

In behavior therapy, a method of keeping careful data on the frequency and consequences of the behavior to be changed.

Behavioral self-monitoring

25

In behavior therapy, a form of exposure treatment in which the client is taken directly into the feared situation until his or her panic subsides.

Flooding

26

An approach to doing therapy with individuals or families by identifying how each family member forms part of a larger interacting system.

Family-systems perspective

27

In behavior therapy, a method in which a person suffering from a phobia or panic attacks is gradually taken into the fear situation or exposed to a traumatic memory until the anxiety subsides.

Graduated exposure

28

In classical conditioning, the process of pairing a conditioned stimulus with a stimulus that elicits a response that is incompatible with an unwanted conditioned response.

Counterconditioning

29

A community intervention to treat individuals and their environment. The premise of multisystemic therapy is that because aggressiveness and drug abuse are often reinforced or caused by an adolescent's family, classroom, peers, and local culture, one can't successfully treat the adolescent without also treating his or her environment.

Multisystemic therapy (MST)

30

Primary goal is to help couples communicate better, resolve conflicts, and/or accept what cannot be changed.

Couples therapy

31

A method of stimulating brain cells, using a powerful magnetic field produced by a wire coil placed on a person's head; it can be used by researchers to temporarily inactivate neural circuits and is also being used therapeutically.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)

32

The bond of confidence and mutual understanding established between therapist and client, which allows them to work together to solve the clients problems.

Therapeutic alliance

33

A surgical procedure invented in 1935 by a Portuguese neurologist, Antonio Egas Moniz, to reduce the patient's emotional symptoms without impairing intellectual ability. Two holes were drilled into the skull of a mental patient and the nerve fibers running from the prefrontal lobes to other areas were crushed or cut.

Prefrontal lobotomy

34

A form of psychotherapy based on the philosophy of humanism, which emphasizes the client's free will to change rather than past conflicts.

Humanist therapy

35

A humanist approach, devised by Carl Rogers, which emphasizes the therapist's empathy with the client and the use of unconditional positive regard.

Client-centered (nondirective) therapy

36

Psychotherapy that draws on methods and ideas from various schools, avoiding strong allegiance to any one theory.

Integrative approach to psychotherapy

37

The apparent success of a medication or treatment due to the patient's expectations or hopes rather than to the drug or treatment itself.

Placebo effect

38

Research designed to determine the effectiveness of a new medication or form of therapy, in which people with a given problem or disorder are randomly assigned to one or more treatment groups or to a control group.

Randomized controlled trials

39

Set up programs at a community level, often incorporating outpatient services, to help people who have severe mental disorders.

Community psychologists